Home > News Release: U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE AT 8:30 A.M. EDT, THURSDAY, JUNE 10, 2010
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                                        U.S. Census Bureau
                                U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
                                              NEWS
                       U.S. Department of Commerce * Washington, DC 20230

                         U.S. INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
                                           April 2010

Goods and Services

The U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, through the Department of
Commerce, announced today that total April exports of $148.8 billion and imports of $189.1 billion
resulted in a goods and services deficit of $40.3 billion, up from $40.0 billion in March,
revised.  April exports were $1.0 billion less than March exports of $149.8 billion.  April
imports were $0.8 billion less than March imports of $189.9 billion.

In April, the goods deficit increased $0.1 billion from March to $52.5 billion, and the services
surplus decreased $0.1 billion to $12.2 billion.  Exports of goods decreased $1.1 billion to
$104.0 billion, and imports of goods decreased $1.0 billion to $156.5 billion.  Exports of
services increased $0.1 billion to $44.8 billion, and imports of services increased $0.2 billion
to $32.6 billion.

The goods and services deficit increased $11.8 billion from April 2009 to April 2010.  Exports
were up $24.7 billion, or 19.9 percent, and imports were up $36.5 billion, or 23.9 percent.

Goods (Census basis)

The March to April decrease in exports of goods reflected decreases in other goods ($0.8 billion);
consumer goods ($0.7 billion); and foods, feeds, and beverages ($0.6 billion).  Increases
occurred   in   industrial   supplies   and   materials ($0.6 billion) and automotive vehicles,
parts, and engines ($0.1 billion).  Capital goods were virtually unchanged.

The March to April decrease in imports of goods reflected decreases in consumer goods ($1.7
billion); other goods ($0.5 billion); and automotive vehicles, parts, and engines ($0.2 billion).
Increases occurred in capital goods ($1.4 billion) and industrial supplies and materials ($0.1
billion).  Foods, feeds, and beverages were virtually unchanged.

The April 2009 to April 2010 increase in exports of goods reflected increases in industrial
supplies and materials ($10.8 billion); capital goods ($4.9 billion); automotive vehicles, parts,
and engines ($3.4 billion); consumer goods ($1.2 billion); other goods ($1.0 billion); and foods,
feeds, and beverages ($0.3 billion).

The April 2009 to April 2010 increase in imports of goods reflected increases in industrial
supplies and materials ($18.2 billion); automotive vehicles, parts, and engines ($6.9 billion);
capital goods ($6.8 billion); consumer goods ($1.4 billion); and foods, feeds, and beverages ($0.7
billion). A decrease occurred in other goods ($0.1 billion).

Services

Services exports increased $0.1 billion from March to April.  The increase was mostly accounted
for by an increase in passenger fares.  Changes in the other categories of services exports were
small.

Services imports increased $0.2 billion from March to April.  The increase was mostly accounted
for by increases in other private services (which includes items such as business, professional,
and technical services, insurance services, and financial services) and passenger fares.  Changes
in the other categories of services imports were small.

Services exports increased $3.3 billion from April 2009 to April 2010.  The largest increases were
in other private services ($1.4 billion), royalties and license fees ($0.7 billion), and travel
($0.6 billion).  Within other private services, the largest increase was in business,
professional, and technical services.

Services imports increased $2.1 billion from April 2009 to April 2010.  The largest increases were
in other private services ($1.1 billion) and other transportation ($0.5 billion), which includes
freight and port services.  Within other private services, the largest increase was in business,
professional, and technical services.

Goods and Services Moving Average

For the three months ending in April, exports of goods and services averaged $147.6 billion, while
imports of goods and services averaged $187.8 billion, resulting in an average trade deficit of
$40.2 billion.  For the three months ending in March, the average trade deficit was $38.4 billion,
reflecting average exports of $146.2 billion and average imports of $184.6 billion.

Selected Not Seasonally Adjusted Goods Details

The April figures show surpluses, in billions of dollars, with Hong Kong $1.7 ($1.8 for March),
Australia $1.2 ($1.2), and Belgium $1.0 ($0.7).  Deficits were recorded, in billions of dollars,
with China $19.3 ($16.9), OPEC $9.3 ($9.1), European Union $5.7 ($7.1), Mexico $5.3 ($6.0), Japan
$4.8 ($5.3), Germany $3.0 ($2.7), Canada $2.9 ($2.2), Nigeria $2.3 ($2.2), Venezuela $1.8 ($2.3),
and Ireland $1.4 ($2.4).

Advanced technology products exports were $21.1 billion in April and imports were $26.9 billion,
resulting in a deficit of $5.8 billion.  April exports were $2.8 billion less than the $23.9
billion in March, while April imports were $1.8 billion less than the $28.7 billion in March.

Revisions (Goods on a Census basis, not seasonally adjusted)

For March, goods exports were revised up $0.2 billion and goods imports were revised down $0.1
billion.  Goods carry-over in April was $0.1 billion (0.1 percent) for exports and $0.5 billion
(0.4 percent) for imports.  For March, revised export carry-over was virtually zero.  For March,
revised import carry-over was $0.2 billion (0.1 percent), revised down from $0.7 billion (0.5
percent).

Services exports for March were revised down $0.5 billion to $44.7 billion.  The revision was more
than accounted for by downward revisions in other transportation and transfers under U.S. military
sales contracts.  Upward revisions in royalties and license fees and other private services were
partly offsetting.  Services imports for March were revised down $0.3 billion to $32.4 billion.
The revision was more than accounted for by downward revisions in other transportation and direct
defense expenditures.  An upward revision in other private services was partly offsetting.

Goods and services exports and imports for all months through March 2010 reflect the incorporation
of annual revisions to the goods and services series in the U.S. international transactions
accounts.  See the “Notice” in this release for a description of major revisions to goods and
services exports and imports.


                                             NOTICE

In this release and in the accompanying “U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services: Annual
Revision for 2009,” the U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) are
jointly publishing revised statistics on both U.S. trade in goods and U.S. trade in services
beginning with 1999.  The revised statistics on goods and services will also be included in the
annual revision of the U.S. international transactions accounts (ITAs), which BEA will release on
June 17, 2010.

The annual revision has not changed the overall trend in the goods and services balance.  On an
annual basis, for 1999-2009, the goods and services deficit was revised one percent or less each
year.  Downward revisions in the goods deficit were mostly offset by downward revisions in the
services surplus.  The revisions in goods and services were due, in part, to the reclassification
of certain transactions from services to goods, which is described below.  For 2009, the goods and
services deficit was revised down $3.7 billion, or 1.0 percent.

Goods and Services

Beginning with statistics for 1999, certain goods-related transactions previously recorded in
services transactions, including fuel purchases by U.S. military agencies and by transportation
carriers and equipment exported under the U.S. Foreign Military Sales program, were reclassified
to goods on a balance of payments (BOP) basis.  These reclassifications resulted in upward
revisions to goods and offsetting downward revisions to services.  For goods, the
reclassifications were made through new BOP adjustments—adjustments that BEA applies to goods
exports and imports on a Census basis to convert them to a BOP basis.  These adjustments are
combined and presented as “Net adjustments” in this report.  In the ITAs, the adjustments will be
distributed to the appropriate end-use commodity categories, which BEA presents in a standard
table of the ITAs, Table 2. U.S. Trade in Goods.

The reclassifications are part of a multi-year effort to align the ITAs with the most recent
international guidelines for international economic accounts as released in 2009 in the sixth
edition of the International Monetary Fund’s Balance of Payments and International Investment
Position Manual.  Additional information on BEA’s 2010 annual revision of the ITAs and plans for
implementing the new international standards were presented in the May 2010 issue of the Survey of
Current Business.

Goods

The 2009 not seasonally adjusted Census-basis goods statistics were revised to redistribute
monthly data that arrived too late for inclusion in the month of transaction but that were
included, initially, in the month in which data were received.  In addition, corrections were made
to previously published 2009 statistics.  Seasonal and trading-day adjustments were then
recomputed, and the seasonally adjusted current-dollar series were revised beginning with
statistics for 2007.  The chain-weighted dollar series were also revised beginning with statistics
for 2007.

In addition to the new BOP adjustments described above, new BOP adjustments for exports and
imports for 2007-2009 were included to phase in a revised Census methodology for low-value goods.
This methodology was implemented for goods on a Census basis beginning with statistics for 2010.
Also, an existing BOP adjustment for imports, which is used to reclassify transactions in repair
services from goods to services, was revised to improve coverage beginning with statistics for
1999.  Finally, other significant revisions to BOP adjustments, resulting from updated source
data, begin with statistics for 2008.

Services

In addition to revisions resulting from the reclassification of transactions as described above,
services exports and imports were revised due to updated source data beginning with statistics for
2006.  The revisions resulted largely from the incorporation of newly available and revised data
from BEA quarterly services surveys and from initial results of BEA’s benchmark survey of
international insurance transactions.