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News Release: Gross State Product

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EMBARGOED UNTIL RELEASE AT 8:30 A.M. EDT, THURSDAY, October 26, 2006
Clifford Woodruff (202) 606–9234 BEA 06—47
E–mail inquiries: gdpbystate@bea.gov  
News Media:    
Ralph Stewart, BEA (202) 606-9690  
Thomas Dail, BEA (202) 606-9209  

Services and Goods Sectors Contribute to Strong Growth
in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by State in 2005
Advance Estimates of GDP by State for 2005 by NAICS Sector

Newly available data on the 2005 state distribution of GDP, released today by the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, showed that private services-providing industries accounted for more than 80 percent of real growth in the Great Lakes, Mideast, Plains, and New England regions (chart 1).1 In 2005, real U.S. growth in the services and goods sectors remained strong. Private services-providing industries grew 4.1 percent, and private goods-producing industries grew 2.6 percent.

Chart 1, showing contribution to percent change in real GDP by state, 2004-2005, by region

Overall, real U.S. GDP by state grew 3.6 percent in 2005, compared with the 1997-2004 average annual growth rate of 3.1 percent (chart 2).

As of this release, the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) is changing the name of its gross state product (GSP) series to gross domestic product (GDP) by state. This series, as of the December 2004 comprehensive revision, is consistent with the national measure of GDP. The new name, GDP by state, is also consistent with terminology used by statistical agencies in most other developed countries.
Chart 2, showing growth rates in real GDP by state, 1997-2005, by region

States and Regions

The Southwest and Rocky Mountain regions grew the fastest in 2005 (5.2 percent). Growth in private services-providing industries slightly outpaced growth in private goods-producing industries (5.7 percent to 5.0 percent in the Southwest region, 5.7 percent to 5.3 percent in the Rocky Mountain region). Within the Southwest, Arizona posted the strongest growth (9.1 percent)—the fastest in the Nation (chart 3). The only state in the Rocky Mountain and Southwest regions with slower growth than the Nation was Oklahoma (3.3 percent).

The Great Lakes region experienced the slowest growth in 2005 (1.3 percent). Private services-providing industries (2.2 percent growth) performed much better than the private goods-producing industries (0.8 percent decline).

Chart 3, a state map showing percent change in real GDP by state, 2004-2005

NAICS Industry Sectors2

The two NAICS sectors with the largest contributions to growth were finance and insurance, and professional and technical services, which together contributed more than 28 percent to real U.S. growth. Finance and insurance grew 6.7 percent in 2005 and professional and technical services grew 7.0 percent. In the 8 BEA regions, the contributions to real GDP-by-state growth from these two sectors ranged from a high of 47 percent in the Great Lakes to a low of 21 percent in the Southwest. One of these two sectors was the largest contributor to growth in 19 states.

In addition to the strong growth in private services-providing industries, the manufacturing sector continued its strong U.S. growth, increasing 4.0 percent. In the Southwest and Far West regions, durable goods manufacturing contributed the most to real GDP-by-state growth of the industry sectors in Table 2. Durable goods manufacturing was the largest contributor to growth in 10 states.

Revisions

The revisions to the advance GDP-by-state estimates for 2005, released in June 2006, are due to the incorporation of farm income and expense data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the incorporation of revised BEA earnings-by-industry data.

The growth rate in real GDP by state for the New England region was revised down 0.7 percentage point. The growth rates of real GDP by state for the Southeast and Southwest regions were each revised up 0.3 percentage point. In New England, the two states with the largest downward revisions were New Hampshire (1.2 percentage points) and Massachusetts (0.9 percentage point). In the Southeast, the growth rates for Alabama, Mississippi, and Tennessee were revised up by more than 1.0 percentage point.

Tables 1-3 show these results in more detail; complete detail is available on BEA's web site at www.bea.gov.

BEA's national, international, regional, and industry estimates; the Survey of Current Business; and BEA news releases are available without charge on BEA's Web site at www.bea.gov. By visiting the site, you can also subscribe to receive free e-mail summaries of BEA releases and announcements.

Advance Estimates of GDP by state for 2005 by NAICS Sector

For the second year, BEA is releasing advance GDP-by-state estimates. In June 2006, BEA released advance 2005 GDP-by-state totals. This release provides revised 2005 GDP-by-state totals, plus both current-dollar and real 2005 GDP-by-state estimates by NAICS sectors.

These accelerated industry estimates for 2005 are based on an abbreviated estimation methodology using limited state source data. The accelerated 2005 estimates are based on BEA earnings by industry estimates released September 26, 2006 and on the accelerated U.S. GDP by industry estimates released April 27, 2006. In addition, farm income and expense data from the USDA are incorporated into the agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting industry.

More information on the methodology used to produce the advance 2005 estimates, on the regular (revised) GDP-by-state estimates for 1998–2004, and on revisions to the GDP-by-state estimates can be found in the July 2006 issue of the Survey of Current Business, BEA's monthly journal.

Explanatory Notes

Definitions

GDP by state is the state counterpart of the Nation's gross domestic product (GDP), the Bureau's featured and most comprehensive measure of U.S. economic activity. GDP by state is derived as the sum of the GDP originating in all the industries in the state.

Real GDP by state is an inflation-adjusted measure based on national prices for the goods and services produced within that state. The estimates of real GDP by state and of quantity indexes with a base year of 2000 are derived by applying national implicit price deflators to the current-dollar GDP-by-state estimates for the 81 NAICS industries for years 1997 forward and for the 63 SIC industries for years 1977–1997. Then, the chain-type index formula that is used in the national accounts is used to calculate the estimates of total real GDP by state and of real GDP by state at more aggregated industry levels.

The relation of GDP by state to U.S. Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

An industry's GDP by state, or its value added, in practice, is calculated as the sum of incomes earned by labor and capital and the costs incurred in the production of goods and services. That is, it includes the wages and salaries that workers earn, the income earned by individual or joint entrepreneurs as well as by corporations, and business taxes such as sales, property, and Federal excise taxes—that count as a business expense.

GDP is calculated as the sum of what consumers, businesses, and government spend on final goods and services, plus investment and net foreign trade. In theory, incomes earned should equal what is spent, but due to different data sources, income earned, usually referred to as gross domestic income (GDI) does not always equal what is spent (GDP). The difference is referred to as the "statistical discrepancy."

Starting with the 2004 comprehensive revision, BEA's industry accounts and its GDP-by-state accounts allocate the statistical discrepancy across all private-sector industries. Therefore, GDP-by-state estimates are now conceptually more similar to GDP estimates in the national accounts than they had been in the past.

Except for small differences resulting from the GDP-by-state accounts excluding overseas Federal military and civilian activity (because it cannot be attributed to a particular state), growth rates of real GDP by state and real U.S. GDP are now virtually identical.


* Goods-producing industries excluding durable goods.
** Services-providing industries excluding FIRE.
FIRE Finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing.
1 The 2005 estimates draw heavily on the 2005 revised state earnings-by-industry estimates released on September 26, 2006.
2 NAICS North American Industry Classification System

Table 1. Growth Rates in Real GDP by State, 1997-2005
  Average annual growth rate
1997-2004
Percent change 2004-2005
Percent Rank Percent Rank
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
    United States 3.1 .... 3.6 ....
New England 3.1 .... 2.3 ....
  Connecticut 2.0 39 3.2 24
  Maine 2.3 33 1.3 44
  Massachusetts 3.7 13 1.7 42
  New Hampshire 4.1 9 3.2 25
  Rhode Island 3.1 20 2.0 39
  Vermont 4.1 10 2.7 31
Mideast 2.9 .... 2.9 ....
  Delaware 3.0 23 5.4 8
  District of Columbia 3.0 .... 3.6 ....
  Maryland 3.6 14 4.2 18
  New Jersey 2.6 29 2.1 36
  New York 3.2 16 2.9 30
  Pennsylvania 2.2 38 2.4 34
Great Lakes 1.8 .... 1.3 ....
  Illinois 2.0 41 2.1 37
  Indiana 2.6 28 1.3 45
  Michigan 1.1 48 0.2 48
  Ohio 1.6 44 0.9 47
  Wisconsin 2.5 31 1.5 43
Plains 2.5 .... 2.3 ....
  Iowa 2.2 36 1.0 46
  Kansas 2.3 35 3.9 19
  Minnesota 3.5 15 1.9 40
  Missouri 1.6 42 2.3 35
  Nebraska 2.0 40 1.9 41
  North Dakota 2.3 34 5.3 10
  South Dakota 4.1 8 2.9 29
Southeast 3.0 .... 4.6 ....
  Alabama 2.5 30 4.5 15
  Arkansas 2.6 27 2.4 33
  Florida 4.2 7 7.7 3
  Georgia 3.2 18 4.6 14
  Kentucky 1.3 46 3.0 28
  Louisiana 0.9 49 -1.5 50
  Mississippi 1.6 43 2.5 32
  North Carolina 3.1 21 4.7 13
  South Carolina 2.2 37 3.9 20
  Tennessee 2.9 24 3.1 27
  Virginia 4.0 11 5.4 7
  West Virginia 1.2 47 2.1 38
Southwest 3.8 .... 5.2 ....
  Arizona 5.2 1 9.1 1
  New Mexico 3.2 17 3.7 22
  Oklahoma 2.4 32 3.3 23
  Texas 3.7 12 4.7 12
Rocky Mountain 3.9 .... 5.2 ....
  Colorado 4.3 5 4.3 16
  Idaho 5.0 2 7.4 4
  Montana 2.7 26 5.2 11
  Utah 3.2 19 6.8 5
  Wyoming 3.0 22 3.8 21
Far West 4.1 .... 4.4 ....
  Alaska 0.8 50 -0.5 49
  California 4.4 4 4.3 17
  Hawaii 1.4 45 5.3 9
  Nevada 4.8 3 9.0 2
  Oregon 4.3 6 5.9 6
  Washington 2.9 25 3.2 26
 
Table 2. Contributions to Percent Change in Real GDP by State, 2004-2005
State and region Percent
change in
real gross
state
product
Percentage points
Agriculture,
forestry,
fishing, and
hunting
Mining Utilities Construction Durable
goods
manu-
facturing
Non-
durable
goods
manu-
facturing
Wholesale
trade
Retail
trade
Transpor-
tation and
ware-
housing
Information Finance and
insurance
(d) Data are suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
    United States 3.6 -0.05 -0.04 0.01 0.13 0.40 0.08 0.07 0.20 0.11 0.34 0.54
New England 2.3 0.05 -0.01 -0.08 -0.04 0.35 0.05 -0.14 0.06 0.03 0.32 0.29
  Connecticut 3.2 0.02 0.00 -0.20 0.02 0.28 0.01 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.29 1.25
  Maine 1.3 0.15 0.00 0.04 -0.12 0.05 0.08 -0.11 -0.05 0.03 0.25 0.05
  Massachusetts 1.7 0.04 -0.01 -0.03 -0.08 0.36 0.09 -0.34 0.05 0.02 0.36 -0.32
  New Hampshire 3.2 0.05 0.00 -0.24 0.00 0.72 0.00 0.06 0.13 0.01 0.33 0.65
  Rhode Island 2.0 0.01 0.01 0.03 0.02 0.17 0.01 0.13 0.01 -0.01 0.32 0.30
  Vermont 2.7 0.36 -0.08 0.01 0.02 0.83 0.05 -0.13 0.18 0.03 0.22 0.28
Mideast 2.9 0.03 0.00 -0.02 0.00 0.18 -0.01 -0.02 0.13 0.06 0.41 0.76
  Delaware 5.4 0.09 (d) 0.02 (d) 0.12 -0.28 -0.05 0.12 0.01 0.22 4.62
  District of Columbia 3.6 0.00 (d) 0.06 (d) -0.03 0.00 0.02 0.04 -0.01 0.47 -0.16
  Maryland 4.2 -0.01 0.01 0.10 0.14 0.11 0.04 0.06 0.14 0.09 0.35 0.62
  New Jersey 2.1 0.02 0.00 -0.03 -0.04 0.09 0.05 -0.09 0.06 0.11 0.24 0.59
  New York 2.9 0.04 0.00 -0.02 -0.07 0.12 -0.02 -0.06 0.17 0.05 0.63 0.96
  Pennsylvania 2.4 0.06 -0.01 -0.08 0.08 0.43 -0.06 0.09 0.10 0.05 0.16 0.29
Great Lakes 1.3 -0.21 -0.02 0.06 -0.09 0.09 0.02 -0.02 0.01 0.15 0.20 0.28
  Illinois 2.1 -0.43 -0.01 0.06 -0.05 0.38 0.06 -0.05 0.09 0.19 0.25 0.31
  Indiana 1.3 -0.35 -0.03 0.05 -0.06 0.28 0.04 0.05 0.08 0.16 0.12 0.14
  Michigan 0.2 0.01 -0.02 0.03 -0.18 -0.54 -0.10 -0.11 -0.09 0.07 0.25 0.27
  Ohio 0.9 -0.03 -0.04 0.12 -0.12 -0.03 0.03 -0.02 -0.06 0.19 0.14 0.33
  Wisconsin 1.5 -0.20 -0.01 0.01 -0.06 0.32 0.02 0.12 0.01 0.15 0.25 0.32
Plains 2.3 -0.40 0.02 -0.04 -0.04 0.46 0.10 0.09 0.04 0.15 0.26 0.49
  Iowa 1.0 -1.98 -0.01 -0.35 0.11 0.71 0.33 0.17 -0.02 0.18 0.21 0.81
  Kansas 3.9 0.65 -0.02 0.07 0.05 0.63 0.07 0.07 0.04 0.12 0.17 0.29
  Minnesota 1.9 0.02 -0.02 -0.02 -0.23 0.41 0.04 0.08 -0.06 0.10 0.27 0.49
  Missouri 2.3 -0.46 0.09 -0.03 0.03 0.27 0.04 0.09 0.15 0.10 0.31 0.31
  Nebraska 1.9 -1.00 -0.01 -0.05 -0.09 0.39 0.15 -0.04 0.05 0.47 0.23 0.72
  North Dakota 5.3 1.30 0.35 0.10 0.00 0.55 0.07 0.31 0.27 0.20 0.29 0.14
  South Dakota 2.9 -1.12 -0.01 0.22 0.09 0.64 0.11 0.12 0.16 0.08 0.35 1.20
Southeast 4.6 -0.01 -0.12 0.00 0.27 0.37 0.08 0.13 0.32 0.11 0.40 0.54
  Alabama 4.5 0.00 0.00 -0.14 0.17 1.05 -0.05 0.13 0.37 0.17 0.27 0.45
  Arkansas 2.4 -1.33 0.07 0.08 0.24 0.37 0.01 0.21 0.23 0.23 0.34 0.23
  Florida 7.7 0.11 0.00 0.02 0.73 0.33 0.07 0.26 0.54 0.15 0.40 0.78
  Georgia 4.6 -0.03 -0.03 0.03 0.13 0.28 0.12 0.20 0.27 -0.01 0.62 0.43
  Kentucky 3.0 0.28 0.06 0.05 -0.03 0.36 -0.06 -0.05 0.13 0.12 0.21 0.31
  Louisiana -1.5 -0.05 -1.66 -0.07 -0.07 -0.04 0.48 -0.04 0.03 0.02 0.14 0.22
  Mississippi 2.5 -0.23 -0.09 0.08 0.34 0.43 0.03 0.04 0.27 0.10 0.25 0.24
  North Carolina 4.7 -0.02 0.01 -0.04 0.15 0.46 0.16 0.08 0.29 0.06 0.60 1.02
  South Carolina 3.9 -0.09 -0.02 -0.03 0.05 0.48 -0.03 0.34 0.29 0.09 0.30 0.38
  Tennessee 3.1 0.06 -0.01 0.00 0.10 0.36 0.06 0.05 0.34 0.23 0.26 0.02
  Virginia 5.4 0.03 -0.01 0.06 0.19 0.33 0.06 0.01 0.23 0.14 0.49 0.63
  West Virginia 2.1 0.06 0.04 -0.05 0.16 0.06 -0.22 0.17 0.16 0.14 0.11 0.11
Southwest 5.2 -0.02 -0.01 0.06 0.30 0.82 0.19 0.20 0.38 0.18 0.27 0.61
  Arizona 9.1 0.00 -0.03 0.18 0.84 1.16 0.05 0.21 0.82 0.20 0.21 1.47
  New Mexico 3.7 0.10 -0.42 0.08 0.30 1.19 0.01 0.06 0.24 0.13 0.25 0.19
  Oklahoma 3.3 0.02 0.91 0.08 0.12 0.18 0.06 0.13 0.26 0.10 0.25 0.08
  Texas 4.7 -0.03 -0.08 0.03 0.21 0.80 0.24 0.21 0.30 0.19 0.29 0.52
Rocky Mountain 5.2 0.05 0.08 0.03 0.34 0.56 0.08 0.13 0.31 0.15 0.42 0.54
  Colorado 4.3 0.04 0.02 -0.01 0.21 0.34 0.09 0.03 0.18 0.07 0.42 0.51
  Idaho 7.4 -0.12 0.01 0.04 0.52 1.76 0.04 0.38 0.89 0.16 0.39 0.64
  Montana 5.2 0.29 0.12 0.07 0.50 0.19 0.09 0.16 0.20 0.26 0.24 0.40
  Utah 6.8 0.02 0.35 0.07 0.50 0.69 0.08 0.22 0.36 0.21 0.63 0.74
  Wyoming 3.8 0.18 -0.27 0.25 0.34 0.15 0.16 0.18 0.23 0.51 0.07 0.14
Far West 4.4 0.00 -0.09 0.01 0.26 0.66 0.18 0.14 0.27 0.07 0.40 0.61
  Alaska -0.5 0.05 -2.19 0.03 0.12 0.04 0.10 0.02 0.08 -0.31 0.17 0.18
  California 4.3 0.01 -0.06 0.02 0.20 0.56 0.22 0.17 0.24 0.05 0.48 0.64
  Hawaii 5.3 0.01 0.00 0.03 0.65 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.33 0.40 0.17 0.11
  Nevada 9.0 0.02 -0.06 -0.02 1.11 0.28 0.07 0.23 0.56 0.27 0.44 1.32
  Oregon 5.9 0.15 0.00 -0.08 0.25 2.30 0.03 0.17 0.21 0.12 0.16 0.47
  Washington 3.2 -0.13 -0.01 0.00 0.21 0.76 0.06 -0.05 0.41 0.08 0.15 0.42
Table 2. Contributions to Percent Change in Real GDP by State, 2004-2005 (continued)
State and region Percentage points
Real estate,
rental,
and
leasing
Profes-
sional
and technical
services
Manage-
ment of
companies
Adminis-
trative and
waste
services
Educational
services
Health care
and social
assistance
Arts,
entertain-
ment, and
recreation
Accomo-
dation and
food
services
Other
services
Govern-
ment
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
    United States 0.32 0.48 0.01 0.21 0.01 0.33 0.02 0.13 0.06 0.18
New England 0.30 0.51 -0.04 0.14 -0.03 0.40 0.02 0.05 0.04 0.02
  Connecticut 0.53 0.37 -0.09 0.12 -0.01 0.32 0.03 0.05 0.04 0.03
  Maine 0.20 0.21 -0.27 0.12 0.01 0.41 0.02 0.08 0.05 0.09
  Massachusetts 0.23 0.69 0.01 0.16 -0.06 0.44 0.01 0.06 0.03 0.00
  New Hampshire 0.44 0.43 -0.04 0.15 0.02 0.43 -0.01 0.01 0.03 0.05
  Rhode Island -0.05 0.25 0.05 0.14 0.03 0.40 0.05 0.07 0.07 -0.05
  Vermont -0.27 0.37 0.00 0.01 0.04 0.50 0.03 0.08 -0.01 0.22
Mideast 0.03 0.52 0.03 0.16 0.01 0.33 0.02 0.10 0.09 0.08
  Delaware -0.48 0.21 -0.28 0.18 0.00 0.31 0.01 0.05 0.05 0.22
  District of Columbia -0.16 0.79 0.06 0.24 -0.10 0.05 0.13 0.25 0.37 1.67
  Maryland 0.33 0.81 0.06 0.19 0.02 0.35 0.05 0.15 0.06 0.54
  New Jersey -0.09 0.48 0.08 0.14 0.00 0.33 0.01 0.10 0.08 0.00
  New York 0.01 0.50 -0.03 0.19 0.02 0.30 0.00 0.09 0.08 -0.04
  Pennsylvania 0.13 0.43 0.10 0.11 0.01 0.40 0.02 0.08 0.08 -0.09
Great Lakes -0.04 0.33 -0.04 0.15 0.01 0.31 0.01 0.06 0.03 -0.04
  Illinois 0.10 0.52 0.04 0.17 0.00 0.29 0.03 0.13 0.04 -0.02
  Indiana 0.04 0.23 -0.06 0.16 0.02 0.33 0.00 0.06 0.04 0.02
  Michigan -0.18 0.34 -0.23 0.25 0.02 0.46 0.01 0.01 0.02 -0.03
  Ohio -0.21 0.25 0.03 0.10 0.00 0.29 0.01 0.03 0.00 -0.09
  Wisconsin 0.02 0.23 -0.09 0.13 0.01 0.29 0.01 0.06 0.04 -0.08
Plains 0.17 0.30 0.01 0.15 0.01 0.30 0.00 0.08 0.04 0.10
  Iowa -0.04 0.13 0.16 0.08 0.00 0.27 0.02 0.09 0.03 0.08
  Kansas 0.26 0.45 0.03 0.49 0.00 0.32 -0.01 0.04 0.05 0.17
  Minnesota 0.33 0.26 -0.25 0.10 0.01 0.30 -0.03 0.06 0.03 0.04
  Missouri 0.07 0.36 0.19 0.13 0.03 0.30 0.02 0.12 0.05 0.11
  Nebraska 0.01 0.33 0.08 0.10 0.00 0.31 0.02 0.06 0.05 0.08
  North Dakota 0.21 0.38 -0.03 0.18 0.01 0.43 0.02 0.10 0.08 0.32
  South Dakota 0.50 0.26 -0.07 -0.06 0.02 0.32 0.06 0.04 -0.08 0.10
Southeast 0.67 0.47 0.04 0.32 0.01 0.34 0.03 0.17 0.06 0.41
  Alabama 0.34 0.23 0.09 0.24 -0.01 0.49 0.02 0.12 0.11 0.38
  Arkansas 0.38 0.25 -0.09 0.08 0.00 0.37 0.02 0.10 0.01 0.59
  Florida 1.82 0.56 0.09 0.72 0.01 0.37 0.08 0.34 0.10 0.26
  Georgia 0.51 0.44 0.24 0.33 0.01 0.34 0.04 0.13 0.06 0.47
  Kentucky 0.00 0.23 -0.02 0.19 0.01 0.37 0.00 0.07 0.03 0.70
  Louisiana -0.41 -0.13 0.05 0.19 -0.02 -0.08 -0.05 0.00 -0.06 0.07
  Mississippi 0.19 0.16 -0.14 0.23 0.01 0.20 -0.03 0.09 0.02 0.31
  North Carolina 0.31 0.39 -0.05 0.16 0.02 0.33 0.00 0.11 0.02 0.64
  South Carolina 0.57 0.31 -0.06 0.22 0.01 0.34 0.03 0.14 0.08 0.44
  Tennessee 0.31 0.34 0.00 0.20 0.04 0.56 0.01 0.16 0.03 -0.03
  Virginia 0.53 1.26 0.01 0.12 0.01 0.32 0.02 0.13 0.08 0.77
  West Virginia 0.26 0.21 0.03 0.10 0.00 0.31 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.24
Southwest 0.35 0.49 0.20 0.26 0.01 0.35 0.03 0.15 0.08 0.31
  Arizona 1.45 0.54 -0.18 0.65 0.05 0.59 0.04 0.26 0.11 0.45
  New Mexico 0.08 0.33 0.02 0.16 0.01 0.37 0.03 0.13 0.08 0.35
  Oklahoma -0.05 0.22 -0.13 0.09 0.01 0.32 0.04 0.11 0.03 0.48
  Texas 0.19 0.53 0.34 0.20 0.00 0.31 0.02 0.13 0.07 0.26
Rocky Mountain 0.72 0.66 0.06 0.17 0.03 0.33 0.05 0.15 0.07 0.33
  Colorado 0.54 0.77 0.15 0.12 0.02 0.28 0.05 0.13 0.04 0.36
  Idaho 1.23 0.51 -0.12 0.29 0.02 0.39 0.04 0.14 0.09 0.07
  Montana 0.83 0.46 0.01 0.16 0.01 0.51 0.10 0.16 0.14 0.32
  Utah 0.89 0.64 0.00 0.26 0.05 0.42 0.04 0.16 0.08 0.38
  Wyoming 0.53 0.28 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.24 0.02 0.25 0.09 0.42
Far West 0.46 0.60 -0.15 0.18 0.01 0.33 0.02 0.21 0.06 0.16
  Alaska 0.08 0.23 -0.01 0.10 0.00 0.14 0.03 0.06 0.01 0.63
  California 0.49 0.68 -0.19 0.16 0.01 0.33 0.01 0.12 0.06 0.06
  Hawaii 0.64 0.36 -0.27 0.27 0.01 0.38 0.07 0.52 0.13 1.45
  Nevada 1.15 0.50 0.18 0.36 0.02 0.39 0.14 1.59 0.13 0.32
  Oregon 0.65 0.32 0.07 0.22 0.01 0.42 0.02 0.14 0.06 0.19
  Washington -0.06 0.35 -0.12 0.18 0.00 0.31 0.04 0.15 0.06 0.37
 
Table 3. GDP by State in Current Dollars, 2005
[Millions of dollars]
State and region Total Agriculture,
forestry,
fishing, and
hunting
Mining Utilities Construction Durable
goods
manu-
facturing
Non-
durable
goods
manu-
facturing
Wholesale
trade
Retail
trade
Transpor-
tation and
ware-
housing
Information Finance and
insurance
(d) Data are suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
    United States 12,409,555 119,066 213,574 238,908 593,535 868,438 628,103 733,090 828,634 362,247 578,345 1,011,548
New England 686,547 2,617 490 11,491 29,600 50,452 23,143 38,205 42,776 11,457 29,050 81,985
  Connecticut 193,745 340 108 3,357 6,927 14,178 7,795 10,449 11,458 3,015 7,707 32,341
  Maine 44,971 656 8 936 2,406 2,613 2,359 2,474 4,037 1,016 1,347 3,006
  Massachusetts 325,917 906 193 4,070 14,102 23,321 9,503 18,325 17,906 5,420 15,341 34,870
  New Hampshire 55,061 241 55 1,791 2,754 5,043 1,557 3,523 4,658 885 1,942 4,785
  Rhode Island 43,787 99 26 784 2,153 3,087 1,219 2,259 2,783 637 1,756 5,614
  Vermont 23,065 375 100 553 1,258 2,210 711 1,175 1,934 484 958 1,369
Mideast 2,262,524 6,755 5,048 45,583 88,445 86,100 107,844 128,928 131,665 51,695 128,545 262,411
  Delaware 56,483 414 (d) 942 (d) 1,060 3,144 1,935 2,437 730 1,218 19,174
  District of Columbia 81,830 1 (d) 763 (d) 96 118 762 1,059 467 5,320 3,918
  Maryland 246,234 781 296 6,033 15,018 6,369 7,189 12,751 15,893 5,065 10,072 17,497
  New Jersey 431,079 623 262 7,917 17,850 13,055 27,979 34,985 27,766 12,836 20,268 36,808
  New York 957,873 2,099 811 17,026 30,344 28,751 32,240 49,524 52,560 17,238 74,306 147,154
  Pennsylvania 489,025 2,837 3,653 12,902 21,981 36,770 37,174 28,970 31,951 15,358 17,361 37,861
Great Lakes 1,832,089 10,647 5,969 38,405 80,314 226,238 114,817 113,350 117,964 58,748 56,014 139,433
  Illinois 560,032 2,071 1,662 12,240 26,010 42,974 31,853 38,871 32,833 20,144 20,858 53,747
  Indiana 238,568 1,686 910 5,214 10,549 44,407 22,800 12,846 15,262 8,397 5,412 13,964
  Michigan 376,243 2,038 1,013 7,758 16,231 54,827 14,359 22,340 25,335 9,567 10,847 22,733
  Ohio 440,923 1,922 2,061 9,717 17,535 57,112 28,166 26,682 30,647 13,530 12,410 32,957
  Wisconsin 216,322 2,929 322 3,475 9,989 26,918 17,638 12,611 13,888 7,110 6,487 16,033
Plains 795,735 18,358 5,554 13,530 35,607 70,301 47,275 51,193 52,285 30,945 33,406 67,621
  Iowa 113,552 3,707 207 2,082 4,783 14,043 10,667 6,599 7,156 4,187 3,495 11,234
  Kansas 105,574 2,816 2,286 2,204 4,104 10,193 5,343 6,587 7,181 3,962 6,712 6,451
  Minnesota 234,552 3,422 896 3,183 11,104 20,820 11,216 16,104 14,398 7,412 8,693 23,812
  Missouri 216,065 2,011 1,076 3,493 10,184 17,243 15,105 13,979 14,997 7,837 10,124 13,378
  Nebraska 70,676 3,122 139 1,343 3,021 4,199 3,473 4,230 4,552 5,737 2,571 5,916
  North Dakota 24,397 1,472 812 661 1,144 1,474 731 1,982 1,795 992 925 1,463
  South Dakota 30,919 1,808 138 564 1,267 2,328 740 1,713 2,206 819 886 5,366
Southeast 2,786,296 28,231 39,217 52,148 148,940 179,270 182,910 168,016 203,132 89,976 116,136 185,369
  Alabama 151,610 2,520 2,672 3,774 7,399 16,223 10,770 8,690 12,084 4,296 4,939 8,148
  Arkansas 86,752 2,401 972 1,838 3,841 9,210 7,665 5,798 6,268 4,336 3,120 3,884
  Florida 673,274 6,216 859 10,665 47,723 22,026 11,721 43,623 53,425 18,052 28,977 49,717
  Georgia 363,839 3,343 1,147 7,414 18,680 18,938 27,138 28,420 24,328 13,323 23,585 22,604
  Kentucky 140,501 2,290 3,410 2,223 5,998 16,213 10,827 8,596 9,788 6,793 3,755 7,112
  Louisiana 168,204 1,302 20,489 4,635 7,096 6,741 20,834 8,210 11,403 5,969 4,147 6,818
  Mississippi 81,290 2,085 2,042 2,247 3,536 7,798 4,848 4,170 6,772 2,916 2,073 3,662
  North Carolina 346,640 3,725 559 6,208 16,549 25,202 42,031 19,387 23,053 8,514 12,573 36,286
  South Carolina 140,019 1,162 218 3,563 7,997 13,658 11,253 8,261 11,360 3,432 3,881 7,223
  Tennessee 229,215 1,384 544 888 9,635 24,986 15,931 15,350 18,887 11,719 7,687 13,210
  Virginia 351,903 1,533 1,848 6,276 18,304 15,119 17,504 14,919 21,511 8,742 19,938 24,576
  West Virginia 53,050 271 4,456 2,416 2,182 3,155 2,388 2,591 4,252 1,885 1,462 2,128
Southwest 1,396,331 13,376 113,912 38,618 74,080 93,957 65,999 86,402 96,624 47,090 53,596 88,615
  Arizona 216,528 2,062 2,026 3,835 15,579 17,009 2,635 12,510 18,203 6,082 6,678 19,479
  New Mexico 68,870 1,123 8,781 1,473 3,133 5,447 1,041 2,372 4,654 1,838 1,802 2,441
  Oklahoma 121,490 2,015 15,764 3,169 4,735 7,395 4,426 6,006 8,633 3,954 4,306 5,791
  Texas 989,443 8,176 87,341 30,141 50,633 64,106 57,897 65,515 65,133 35,216 40,809 60,905
Rocky Mountain 411,658 6,201 20,777 6,775 25,136 22,459 10,204 21,262 27,901 13,284 24,895 26,911
  Colorado 216,537 1,823 8,591 2,525 13,669 9,217 4,758 11,489 13,404 5,650 18,729 14,123
  Idaho 47,189 2,168 203 783 2,811 4,897 1,410 2,605 4,043 1,336 1,180 2,404
  Montana 29,885 1,232 1,342 1,055 1,930 900 552 1,631 2,199 1,333 901 1,493
  Utah 90,778 551 2,377 1,163 5,292 7,086 2,736 4,599 6,762 3,362 3,654 8,161
  Wyoming 27,269 426 8,265 1,250 1,434 360 748 938 1,493 1,603 431 731
Far West 2,238,377 32,880 22,607 32,359 111,412 139,660 75,911 125,733 156,286 59,051 136,703 159,203
  Alaska 39,314 357 10,672 401 1,932 151 758 786 1,805 3,951 997 1,211
  California 1,622,116 23,132 9,685 24,906 76,487 95,590 61,559 92,548 113,903 37,577 107,120 120,795
  Hawaii 54,019 339 45 899 3,157 271 611 1,913 3,995 2,060 1,389 2,459
  Nevada 111,342 233 1,757 1,808 10,639 2,720 1,382 4,313 8,382 3,383 2,509 10,308
  Oregon 144,278 3,707 187 1,857 6,233 22,934 4,240 9,529 8,189 4,136 4,476 8,019
  Washington 267,308 5,112 262 2,488 12,963 17,994 7,361 16,645 20,012 7,944 20,212 16,410
Table 3. GDP by State in Current Dollars, 2005 (continued)
[Millions of dollars]
State and region Real estate,
rental,
and
leasing
Profes-
sional
and technical
services
Manage-
ment of
companies
Adminis-
trative and
waste
services
Educational
services
Health care
and social
assistance
Arts,
entertain-
ment, and
recreation
Accomo-
dation and
food
services
Other
services
Govern-
ment
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
    United States 1,562,863 862,365 230,634 375,531 113,082 864,355 117,921 337,957 294,611 1,474,748
New England 97,800 58,454 14,557 18,248 13,533 58,838 5,996 17,029 14,810 66,017
  Connecticut 26,906 14,261 5,732 5,104 2,833 14,691 1,833 3,527 3,939 17,244
  Maine 6,062 2,110 393 1,017 443 4,825 399 1,417 1,033 6,415
  Massachusetts 47,576 35,202 6,727 9,195 7,864 28,502 2,726 8,167 6,994 29,007
  New Hampshire 8,322 3,349 781 1,430 960 4,547 461 1,640 1,308 5,030
  Rhode Island 6,266 2,256 889 1,066 954 4,103 382 1,242 973 5,239
  Vermont 2,667 1,276 35 436 478 2,170 194 1,035 563 3,083
Mideast 312,918 195,615 49,971 62,959 32,754 174,223 20,498 53,932 55,189 261,445
  Delaware 6,077 3,609 2,219 1,016 263 2,951 374 883 977 4,859
  District of Columbia 6,949 16,336 757 2,180 2,081 3,655 501 2,495 5,143 28,153
  Maryland 38,119 25,154 1,518 7,455 3,005 18,032 1,842 6,849 6,383 40,911
  New Jersey 69,515 35,770 9,242 13,804 3,694 30,661 3,805 10,888 9,125 44,228
  New York 136,510 79,946 26,955 25,479 14,471 73,547 10,407 22,144 20,420 95,941
  Pennsylvania 55,748 34,800 9,281 13,025 9,240 45,377 3,570 10,673 13,142 47,353
Great Lakes 211,389 117,387 42,814 53,815 14,611 135,480 16,549 41,270 44,290 192,585
  Illinois 70,428 46,303 13,990 17,330 5,677 36,492 5,209 13,106 13,568 54,666
  Indiana 22,627 9,110 2,602 6,192 1,773 17,422 3,215 5,247 5,658 23,274
  Michigan 45,435 29,515 8,647 13,305 2,235 28,381 3,385 8,251 8,817 41,225
  Ohio 47,594 23,516 12,890 12,324 3,226 35,326 3,193 9,831 11,155 49,128
  Wisconsin 25,305 8,943 4,684 4,665 1,700 17,858 1,546 4,834 5,092 24,292
Plains 82,212 40,283 19,827 19,295 6,913 60,539 7,228 18,602 19,142 95,616
  Iowa 10,385 3,472 867 2,238 973 7,898 1,211 2,308 2,537 13,503
  Kansas 9,605 5,785 1,229 3,062 561 7,462 490 2,501 2,518 14,523
  Minnesota 28,956 13,677 8,157 5,493 1,872 18,802 1,820 5,156 5,608 23,951
  Missouri 21,958 12,500 8,006 5,869 2,590 16,270 2,892 5,739 5,438 25,377
  Nebraska 6,352 3,237 1,147 1,758 588 5,214 395 1,480 1,698 10,503
  North Dakota 2,143 827 199 412 107 2,194 123 600 591 3,751
  South Dakota 2,813 785 222 465 222 2,699 298 820 752 4,007
Southeast 326,680 168,164 43,317 96,789 19,166 188,232 26,554 82,134 67,724 374,190
  Alabama 14,219 8,556 1,141 3,624 700 10,809 568 3,484 4,018 22,975
  Arkansas 7,854 3,263 1,797 1,759 365 6,593 377 1,950 1,938 11,523
  Florida 110,650 41,517 9,009 36,060 4,487 48,379 11,052 25,289 18,133 75,691
  Georgia 41,528 22,878 7,513 12,682 2,912 21,204 2,260 9,573 7,491 46,879
  Kentucky 12,372 5,535 1,588 3,282 793 11,413 869 3,735 3,218 20,688
  Louisiana 13,219 6,839 2,718 3,913 1,216 10,542 2,692 4,861 3,670 20,890
  Mississippi 7,174 2,697 828 1,608 463 5,721 842 3,358 2,255 14,194
  North Carolina 32,429 16,514 7,477 9,089 2,611 21,902 2,341 8,134 7,116 44,941
  South Carolina 15,094 6,119 744 5,411 740 8,287 1,040 4,755 3,503 22,318
  Tennessee 23,131 11,850 2,589 9,115 2,199 19,649 2,131 7,196 6,289 24,845
  Virginia 44,280 40,329 7,533 9,134 2,421 18,699 1,849 8,335 8,813 60,236
  West Virginia 4,729 2,067 378 1,111 258 5,034 533 1,463 1,280 9,010
Southwest 138,360 84,950 21,354 44,389 7,686 85,509 8,920 36,363 30,461 166,070
  Arizona 30,352 12,130 2,285 9,714 1,546 14,873 2,026 7,166 4,331 26,006
  New Mexico 6,580 4,503 327 1,892 320 4,458 420 1,962 1,432 12,872
  Oklahoma 10,749 5,154 1,580 3,438 632 8,188 640 2,743 2,831 19,339
  Texas 90,678 63,164 17,163 29,343 5,188 57,990 5,833 24,492 21,866 107,854
Rocky Mountain 51,645 30,444 5,702 11,475 2,633 24,524 4,608 11,709 10,031 53,079
  Colorado 30,080 18,759 3,266 6,736 1,268 12,525 2,901 6,436 4,916 25,673
  Idaho 5,688 3,338 685 1,352 262 3,113 381 1,174 959 6,397
  Montana 3,448 1,424 63 606 119 2,674 397 994 770 4,823
  Utah 10,239 6,163 1,608 2,485 929 5,091 747 2,271 2,940 12,563
  Wyoming 2,190 760 81 296 55 1,120 183 834 447 3,624
Far West 341,859 167,068 33,091 68,560 15,785 137,010 27,567 76,919 52,966 265,747
  Alaska 3,035 1,361 122 672 117 2,095 290 981 630 6,990
  California 259,606 134,141 23,392 50,624 12,456 96,911 20,201 43,880 39,174 178,431
  Hawaii 8,835 2,464 637 1,864 541 3,650 656 4,792 1,420 12,022
  Nevada 14,184 5,511 2,726 3,504 260 5,473 3,143 16,589 1,912 10,607
  Oregon 19,005 6,793 2,760 3,747 936 10,571 904 3,550 3,090 19,413
  Washington 37,194 16,797 3,454 8,150 1,475 18,310 2,373 7,127 6,741 38,284