skip to Main Content
BEA Logo
News
 
 

News Release


The tables in this release are available in an XLS spreadsheet and the entire release is available in PDF format.
Also available: a brief summary of highlights.

EMBARGOED UNTIL RELEASE AT 8:30 A.M. EST, TUESDAY, January 27, 2004
Mathew von Kerczek (202) 606–9250 (Estimates) BEA 04—03
G. Andrew Bernat Jr.: (202) 606–9235 (Analysis)
E-mail inquiries: RegRelease@bea.gov

 

State Personal Income: Third Quarter 2003

Personal income for the Nation grew 1.1 percent in the third quarter of 2003, compared with 1.0 percent in the second quarter and 0.8 percent in the first quarter (table 1). According to estimates released today by the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, earnings for the Nation grew in every industry for the first time in more than two years.

Chart 1
Chart 1: map of United States showing personal income percent change from the previous quarter

Personal Income Growth by Component

Nationally, faster growth in net earnings and in property income offset slower growth in transfer payments. Net earnings grew 1.2 percent in the third quarter, accounting for 0.79 point of the 1.1 percent growth in personal income. Net earnings growth in the third quarter was slightly faster than the growth in either the first or the second quarter of 2003. In addition, third quarter growth was more widespread than earlier growth, as net earnings increased in all states and the District of Columbia in the third quarter. Net earnings grew faster in the third quarter in 38 states, compared with the second quarter when net earnings accelerated in 23 states and the District of Columbia.

Partially reflecting the continued economic rebound, transfer payments grew more slowly in the third quarter of 2003 than in the second quarter. Only eight states experienced faster growth in transfer payments in the third quarter of 2003 compared with 46 states and the District of Columbia in the second quarter. Unemployment benefit payments, the most volatile component of transfer payments, increased only 4.1 percent nationally after increasing 8.6 percent in the second quarter of 2003. Unemployment benefit payments grew in 40 states and the District of Columbia. Together, all other transfer payments—which include old-age, survivors, disability, and other benefits—grew 2.0 percent.

Property income (dividends, interest and rent) increased 0.1 percent in the third quarter, compared with a decline of 0.4 percent in the second quarter. A 2.4 percent increase in rental income and a 1.6 percent increase in dividends more than offset a decline in interest income.

Earnings Growth by Industry

Nationally, earnings grew in every industry for the first time in more than two years (table 3). Financial activities accounted for 0.28 percentage point of the 1.2 percent growth in earnings and contributed the most to earnings growth in 12 states (table 4). Education and health contributed 0.23 percentage point and contributed the most to earnings growth in 9 states. In Kansas and Oregon, financial activities and education and health services contributed the most to earnings growth, while in Virginia, financial activities and professional and business services were the largest contributors. Natural resources and mining was the largest contributor to earnings growth in nine states. Fast growth in farming was particularly important in Iowa, North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, and Idaho, all of which were among the ten fastest growing states. Earnings growth in government was the largest contributor in eight states. Government was a major contributor to slow growth in Michigan, South Carolina, and Wisconsin.

After declining for four consecutive quarters, earnings in durables manufacturing increased slightly for the Nation. Earnings in durables manufacturing increased in thirty-three states and the District of Columbia in the third quarter of 2003, in contrast to the second quarter, when earnings increased in only 15 states and the District of Columbia. Earnings in nondurables manufacturing also increased slightly, with moderate declines in 18 states.

Year-to-Year Trends in Quarterly State Personal Income Growth

Because quarter-to-quarter changes in state personal income are subject to large swings, it is also useful to look at the change in state personal income in the current quarter relative to the same quarter a year ago. Chart 2 shows the year-to-year growth rates of quarterly state personal income from the third quarter of 2000 through the third quarter of 2003.

Year-to-year growth in personal income was higher in the top-quintile states than in the bottom-quintile states in the past ten quarters, where the quintiles are based on personal income growth from the second to the third quarter of 2003. The growth rate of the top quintile increased in each of the past five quarters, whereas the growth rate of the bottom quintile in the second and third quarters was below its first-quarter growth rate.

Chart 2
line graph showing change in personal income from the same quarter a year earlier
Note: Quintiles are based on personal income growth in the third quarter of 2003.

 

NOTE: The estimates of state personal income have not yet incorporated the new levels of personal income from the recently released comprehensive revision of the national income and product accounts (NIPAs). However, the quarterly movements in the component NIPA series are used as extrapolators to derive national control totals for the first three quarters of 2003. Revised state estimates, incorporating the improved NIPA estimates, will be released on April 27, 2004.

 

Definitions

Personal income is the income received by all persons from participation in production, from government and business transfer payments, and from government interest. Personal income is the sum of net earnings by place of residence, rental income of persons, personal dividend income, personal interest income, and transfer payments. Net earnings is earnings by place of work (the sum of wage and salary disbursements (payrolls), other labor income, and proprietors' income) less personal contributions for social insurance, plus an adjustment to convert earnings by place of work to a place-of-residence basis. Personal income is measured before the deduction of personal income taxes and other personal taxes and is reported in current dollars (no adjustment is made for price changes).

The estimate of personal income in the United States is derived as the sum of the state estimates; it differs from the estimate of personal income in the national income and product accounts (NIPA's) because of differences in coverage, in the methodologies used to prepare the estimates, and in the timing of the availability of source data.

BEA groups all 50 states and the District of Columbia into eight distinct regions for purposes of data collecting and analyses: New England (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont); Mideast (Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania); Great Lakes (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin); Plains (Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota); Southeast (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia; Southwest (Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas); Rocky Mountain (Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Utah, and Wyoming); and Far West (Alaska, California, Hawaii, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington).

BEA's major national, regional, international, and industry estimates; the Survey of Current Business; and BEA news releases are available without charge on BEA's Web site:

Summary BEA estimates are available on recorded messages at the time of public release at the following telephone numbers:

        (202) 606-5306   Gross domestic product
              606-5303   Personal income and outlays
              606-5362   U.S. international transactions

Most of BEA's estimates and analyses are published in the Survey of Current Business, BEA's monthly journal. Subscriptions and single copies of the printed Survey are for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office. Internet: <bookstore.gpo.gov>; phone: 202-512-1800; fax: 202-512-2250; mail: SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-0001.


Next state personal income release—April 27, 2004, at 8:30 AM EDT for
state personal income, fourth quarter 2003, per capita personal income 2003, and revisions 1969-2002

   
                                            Table 1. Personal Income, by State and Region, 2002:III-2003:III
                                              [Millions of dollars, seasonally adjusted at annual rates]
 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        2002                       2003                Percent change from preceding quarter/1   Rank
                              ----------------------  -------------------------------  ---------------------------------------  2003:II-
                                 III          IV         I/r       II/r      III/p      2002:IV  2003:I  2003:II  2003:III      2003:III
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  ---------------------------------------  --------
 United States .............. 8,927,635   8,982,839   9,057,680  9,144,434  9,248,017      0.6      0.8      1.0       1.1        ---

   New England
     Connecticut ............   148,840     148,486     150,866    151,227    152,249      -.2      1.6       .2        .7         48
     Maine ..................    36,141      36,483      37,011     37,241     37,606       .9      1.4       .6       1.0         39
     Massachusetts ..........   251,714     252,127     252,895    254,749    257,126       .2       .3       .7        .9         45
     New Hampshire ..........    43,847      44,047      44,424     44,785     45,318       .5       .9       .8       1.2         26
     Rhode Island ...........    33,467      33,659      34,413     34,408     34,783       .6      2.2      0         1.1         33
     Vermont ................    18,238      18,439      18,571     18,784     18,994      1.1       .7      1.2       1.1         29

   Mideast
     Delaware ...............    26,175      26,143      26,731     27,011     27,278      -.1      2.2      1.0       1.0         38
     District of Columbia ...    24,768      25,393      24,988     25,263     25,445      2.5     -1.6      1.1        .7        ---
     Maryland ...............   198,005     199,454     200,338    203,040    205,031       .7       .4      1.3       1.0         40
     New Jersey .............   341,099     342,035     345,818    348,854    352,001       .3      1.1       .9        .9         46
     New York ...............   685,909     687,503     689,228    700,133    707,533       .2       .3      1.6       1.1         36
     Pennsylvania ...........   392,285     394,198     398,833    402,505    406,915       .5      1.2       .9       1.1         32

   Great Lakes
     Illinois ...............   420,922     422,491     424,276    428,002    432,607       .4       .4       .9      1.1          34
     Indiana ................   174,777     176,538     177,379    178,740    180,831      1.0       .5       .8      1.2          27
     Michigan ...............   306,682     307,437     307,968    311,347    313,184       .2       .2      1.1       .6          50
     Ohio ...................   336,601     338,255     340,827    342,900    346,219       .5       .8       .6      1.0          42
     Wisconsin ..............   163,937     165,182     167,102    168,247    169,884       .8      1.2       .7      1.0          41

   Plains
     Iowa ...................    82,803      83,577      85,500     86,099     87,618       .9      2.3       .7      1.8           2
     Kansas .................    78,418      79,028      80,422     80,401     81,536       .8      1.8      0        1.4          11
     Minnesota ..............   171,656     171,969     173,352    175,683    177,732       .2       .8      1.3      1.2          28
     Missouri ...............   164,041     165,471     166,740    167,858    170,108       .9       .8       .7      1.3          17
     Nebraska ...............    51,397      51,767      53,239     53,653     54,373       .7      2.8       .8      1.3          16
     North Dakota ...........    16,931      17,059      17,787     17,980     18,252       .8      4.3      1.1      1.5          10
     South Dakota ...........    20,466      20,660      21,610     21,841     22,206       .9      4.6      1.1      1.7           4

   Southeast
     Alabama ................   113,036     114,183     116,119    116,271    117,745      1.0      1.7       .1      1.3          22
     Arkansas ...............    63,686      64,464      65,052     65,618     66,489      1.2       .9       .9      1.3          18
     Florida ................   495,859     501,588     505,386    511,191    517,516      1.2       .8      1.1      1.2          24
     Georgia ................   246,123     248,050     252,333    252,767    256,823       .8      1.7       .2      1.6           7
     Kentucky ...............   105,556     106,548     107,330    108,217    109,511       .9       .7       .8      1.2          25
     Louisiana ..............   113,982     115,257     115,964    117,351    118,864      1.1       .6      1.2      1.3          20
     Mississippi ............    64,523      65,077      66,489     66,633     67,542       .9      2.2       .2      1.4          14
     North Carolina .........   229,994     230,836     234,192    233,826    236,424       .4      1.5      -.2      1.1          30
     South Carolina .........   104,718     105,420     107,187    107,266    108,223       .7      1.7       .1       .9          47
     Tennessee ..............   159,256     160,411     162,261    163,405    165,496       .7      1.2       .7      1.3          21
     Virginia ...............   239,670     240,605     243,809    245,534    247,887       .4      1.3       .7      1.0          44
     West Virginia ..........    42,689      42,944      43,406     43,622     44,043       .6      1.1       .5      1.0          43

   Southwest
     Arizona ................   143,274     144,881     146,021    148,477    150,546      1.1       .8      1.7      1.4          12
     New Mexico .............    44,438      45,193      45,453     46,109     46,873      1.7       .6      1.4      1.7           5
     Oklahoma ...............    88,168      88,522      89,338     90,184     91,434       .4       .9       .9      1.4          13
     Texas ..................   620,373     624,021     627,335    634,683    642,870       .6       .5      1.2      1.3          19

   Rocky Mountain
     Colorado ...............   149,961     150,665     151,187    152,040    152,992       .5       .3       .6       .6          49
     Idaho ..................    33,695      34,129      34,666     34,823     35,586      1.3      1.6       .5      2.2           1
     Montana ................    22,862      22,979      23,093     23,527     23,911       .5       .5      1.9      1.6           6
     Utah ...................    55,952      56,568      56,800     57,432     58,044      1.1       .4      1.1      1.1          35
     Wyoming ................    15,271      15,469      15,604     15,801     16,016      1.3       .9      1.3      1.4          15

   Far West
     Alaska .................    20,607      20,898      20,896     21,202     21,527      1.4      0        1.5      1.5           8
     California ............. 1,160,385   1,169,530   1,176,483  1,191,379  1,204,509       .8       .6      1.3      1.1          31
     Hawaii .................    37,570      38,016      38,689     38,950     39,355      1.2      1.8       .7      1.0          37
     Nevada .................    65,891      66,889      68,028     68,629     69,811      1.5      1.7       .9      1.7           3
     Oregon .................   100,896     101,974     102,141    103,053    104,332      1.1       .2       .9      1.2          23
     Washington .............   200,086     200,319     202,094    205,690    208,817       .1       .9      1.8      1.5           9

 BEA regions
   New England ..............   532,245     533,241     538,181    541,195    546,076       .2       .9       .6       .9         ---
   Mideast .................. 1,668,240   1,674,725   1,685,937  1,706,806  1,724,203       .4       .7      1.2      1.0         ---
   Great Lakes .............. 1,402,919   1,409,904   1,417,554  1,429,236  1,442,726       .5       .5       .8       .9         ---
   Plains ...................   585,711     589,532     598,651    603,516    611,825       .7      1.5       .8      1.4         ---
   Southeast ................ 1,979,094   1,995,385   2,019,529  2,031,701  2,056,564       .8      1.2       .6      1.2         ---
   Southwest ................   896,253     902,617     908,147    919,452    931,723       .7       .6      1.2      1.3         ---
   Rocky Mountain ...........   277,739     279,810     281,350    283,624    286,548       .7       .6       .8      1.0         ---
   Far West ................. 1,585,435   1,597,627   1,608,331  1,628,904  1,648,351       .8       .7      1.3      1.2         ---
 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   r Revised.
   p Preliminary.
   1. Percent changes are expressed at quarterly rates.
   Note: Estimates may not add to totals due to rounding.
   Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis



                             Table 2. Personal Income by Component, by State and Region, 2003:II-2003:III
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                               Contribution to percent                                                                                                                                           Contribution to percent
                                                                              change in personal income
                                        Percent change                           (percentage points)          Dollar change (millions)
                             -----------------------------------              -------------------------  -------------------------------------
                                                 Divi-             Percent             Divi-                                 Divi-
                                                 dends,   Trans-   change in           dends,   Trans-                       dends,   Trans-
                             Personal   Net      inter-   fer      personal   Net      inter-   fer      Personal   Net      inter-   fer
                              income    earn-    est,     pay-     income     earn-    est,     pay-      income    earn-    est,     pay-
                                        ings/1   and      ments               ings/1   and      ments               ings/1   and      ments
                                                 rent                                  rent                                  rent
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 United States ..............     1.1      1.2      0.1      2.1        1.1     0.79     0.02     0.32    103,583   72,505    1,779   29,299

   New England
     Connecticut ............      .7       .7      0        1.6         .7      .49      .00      .19      1,022      739       -2      284
     Maine ..................     1.0       .8       .1      2.4        1.0      .53      .02      .43        365      199        6      161
     Massachusetts ..........      .9      1.0       .1      1.7         .9      .67      .03      .24      2,377    1,697       67      614
     New Hampshire ..........     1.2      1.4      -.1      1.7        1.2     1.02     -.02      .19        533      456      -10       87
     Rhode Island ...........     1.1      1.1      0        2.1        1.1      .68      .00      .40        375      235        1      139
     Vermont ................     1.1      1.2       .2      2.1        1.1      .75      .03      .33        210      141        6       62

   Mideast
     Delaware ...............     1.0      1.0       .1      2.1        1.0      .68      .02      .29        268      184        5       79
     District of Columbia ...      .7       .8      -.1      1.5         .7      .55     -.02      .19        182      140       -6       48
     Maryland ...............     1.0      1.0       .3      2.2        1.0      .68      .05      .25      1,991    1,388      101      503
     New Jersey .............      .9       .9       .1      2.1         .9      .62      .01      .27      3,147    2,166       43      937
     New York ...............     1.1      1.2      0        1.8        1.1      .75      .01      .30      7,400    5,220       48    2,132
     Pennsylvania ...........     1.1      1.2      -.1      2.0        1.1      .75     -.02      .36      4,410    3,022      -80    1,469

   Great Lakes
     Illinois ...............     1.1      1.2       .1      2.1        1.1      .79      .03      .26      4,605    3,364      117    1,123
     Indiana ................     1.2      1.1       .2      2.6        1.2      .72      .04      .41      2,091    1,291       63      737
     Michigan ...............      .6       .3      0        2.3         .6      .22     -.01      .37      1,838      699      -24    1,163
     Ohio ...................     1.0      1.0      -.1      2.1        1.0      .64     -.02      .35      3,320    2,190      -59    1,188
     Wisconsin ..............     1.0      1.0      0        2.2        1.0      .65      .00      .32      1,637    1,088        2      547

   Plains
     Iowa ...................     1.8      2.2       .1      2.0        1.8     1.46      .01      .30      1,520    1,255        9      256
     Kansas .................     1.4      1.4       .1      3.0        1.4      .95      .02      .44      1,135      765       15      355
     Minnesota ..............     1.2      1.2       .4      2.4        1.2      .79      .08      .30      2,048    1,387      141      521
     Missouri ...............     1.3      1.5      -.1      2.2        1.3      .99     -.02      .37      2,250    1,657      -28      621
     Nebraska ...............     1.3      1.5       .2      2.3        1.3      .98      .04      .32        720      527       21      171
     North Dakota ...........     1.5      1.9       .1      1.6        1.5     1.22      .02      .28        272      220        3       50
     South Dakota ...........     1.7      2.1       .3      1.8        1.7     1.34      .06      .27        365      292       14       59

   Southeast
     Alabama ................     1.3      1.3      0        2.3        1.3      .84      .00      .43      1,474      975       -4      503
     Arkansas ...............     1.3      1.5      0        2.1        1.3      .91      .00      .42        871      596       -1      276
     Florida ................     1.2      1.4       .2      2.1        1.2      .85      .04      .34      6,325    4,353      219    1,754
     Georgia ................     1.6      1.7       .3      2.4        1.6     1.24      .05      .31      4,056    3,130      134      793
     Kentucky ...............     1.2      1.1       .1      2.3        1.2      .73      .02      .45      1,294      791       19      485
     Louisiana ..............     1.3      1.4      0        1.8        1.3      .91      .01      .37      1,513    1,068        6      439
     Mississippi ............     1.4      1.3       .2      2.4        1.4      .80      .03      .53        909      534       20      355
     North Carolina .........     1.1      1.1      0        2.2        1.1      .74      .00      .37      2,598    1,731        6      861
     South Carolina .........      .9       .7       .1      2.4         .9      .43      .02      .44        957      462       24      472
     Tennessee ..............     1.3      1.3      -.3      2.3        1.3      .91     -.05      .42      2,091    1,482      -76      685
     Virginia ...............     1.0       .9       .1      2.4        1.0      .67      .02      .27      2,353    1,644       45      664
     West Virginia ..........     1.0       .9      -.1      1.7        1.0      .56     -.02      .43        422      243       -9      187

   Southwest
     Arizona ................     1.4      1.6       .1      2.2        1.4     1.03      .02      .34      2,069    1,533       30      506
     New Mexico .............     1.7      1.8       .1      2.5        1.7     1.19      .01      .45        764      549        7      209
     Oklahoma ...............     1.4      1.5       .2      2.1        1.4      .98      .03      .38      1,251      880       29      341
     Texas ..................     1.3      1.4      0        2.1        1.3     1.01      .00      .28      8,187    6,386        3    1,798

   Rocky Mountain
     Colorado ...............      .6       .6       .2      1.7         .6      .41      .04      .17        952      627       61      264
     Idaho ..................     2.2      2.6       .1      2.8        2.2     1.74      .03      .42        763      606        9      147
     Montana ................     1.6      2.0      0        2.4        1.6     1.23      .00      .40        384      288        0       95
     Utah ...................     1.1      1.1      0        2.0        1.1      .82      .01      .24        612      472        4      136
     Wyoming ................     1.4      1.6       .3      2.0        1.4     1.01      .09      .25        214      160       14       40

   Far West
     Alaska .................     1.5      1.8      -.1      1.9        1.5     1.21     -.01      .33        324      257       -2       70
     California .............     1.1      1.1       .4      2.1        1.1      .75      .07      .28     13,130    8,961      781    3,388
     Hawaii .................     1.0      1.2       .2      1.5        1.0      .81      .04      .19        405      316       15       74
     Nevada .................     1.7      2.1      -.1      2.6        1.7     1.44     -.02      .30      1,182      986      -13      209
     Oregon .................     1.2      1.1      -.1      3.4        1.2      .67     -.02      .59      1,279      687      -20      612
     Washington .............     1.5      1.8       .1      2.1        1.5     1.20      .01      .31      3,126    2,465       29      633

 BEA regions
   New England ..............      .9       .9       .1      1.8         .9      .64      .01      .25      4,881    3,466       68    1,347
   Mideast ..................     1.0      1.1      0        1.9        1.0      .71      .01      .30     17,398   12,120      110    5,167
   Great Lakes ..............      .9       .9      0        2.2         .9      .60      .01      .33     13,489    8,632       99    4,758
   Plains ...................     1.4      1.5       .1      2.3        1.4     1.01      .03      .34      8,309    6,103      174    2,033
   Southeast ................     1.2      1.3       .1      2.2        1.2      .84      .02      .37     24,863   17,009      382    7,472
   Southwest ................     1.3      1.4      0        2.2        1.3     1.02      .01      .31     12,271    9,349       68    2,854
   Rocky Mountain ...........     1.0      1.1       .2      2.0        1.0      .76      .03      .24      2,924    2,153       88      682
   Far West .................     1.2      1.2       .3      2.2        1.2      .84      .05      .31     19,447   13,672      789    4,986
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   1. Net earnings is earnings by place of work—the sum of wage and salary disbursements (payrolls), other labor income, and proprietors'
 income—less personal contributions for social insurance plus an adjustment to convert earnings by place of work to a place-of-residence basis.
   Note: Estimates may not add to totals due of rounding.
   Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis



                                        Table 3. Earnings by Major Industry, by State and Region, 2003:II-2003:III
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                              Percent change
                             --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                  Earnings by industry
                                        ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                           Nondur-                                            Pro-
                             Earnings   Natural                Durable     able              Transpor-                        fessional Education   Leisure
                             by place   resources   Con-       goods       goods             tation      Infor-   Financial   and       and         and hos-  Other     Govern-
                             of work/1  and mining  struction  manu-       manu-      Trade  and         mation   activities  business  health      pitality  services  ment
                                                               facturing   facturing         utilities                        services  services
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 United States ..............  1.2         5.6        1.8         0.2        0.2       1.0       0.6       0.9        3.0       0.7        2.1        0.6       0.3       0.5

   New England
     Connecticut ............   .7         4.5        -.8         -.3       -1.0       1.0        .6        .7        2.2       -.2        1.7         .1        .5        .2
     Maine ..................   .9          .1         .8          .4       -2.3       1.5        .6       2.3        2.2       1.0        2.3         .3        .9        .2
     Massachusetts ..........   .9         1.9        1.6         0           .5        .3       1.5      -1.1        3.3        .3        2.2         .1       -.1       0
     New Hampshire ..........  1.6         4.6         .1         1.0        1.2       1.2       2.3      -1.8        3.1        .9        1.8         .3       0         4.5
     Rhode Island ...........  1.1         1.9        3.6         -.4        1.8       2.3       -.4       -.3        3.3       -.5        1.6         .1       -.7        .5
     Vermont ................  1.1         4.9        1.9         -.3        1.0        .8        .6        .8        3.7       1.6        2.2        1.6        .5       -.3

   Mideast
     Delaware ...............   .9        20.5        1.2        -4.3        2.8        .5        .6        .7        2.7       1.3        1.6        2.2       2.3      -2.2
     District of Columbia ...   .3         1.1        1.0         1.0        1.0       -.4       1.1     ---/2        2.3       1.4        1.1      ---/2        .5       -.6
     Maryland ...............  1.1         7.7        1.5          .9        -.5       1.0        .2        .4        2.2       0          1.8         .4       1.1       1.3
     New Jersey .............   .8         7.1        2.3          .4         .6      -1.6       -.5        .5        3.7        .9        2.4        1.2        .1        .2
     New York ...............  1.1         -.1        1.2         0          -.3        .7        .5        .5        3.1       -.8        2.4         .8        .9        .6
     Pennsylvania ...........  1.2         2.0        1.8          .3         .4        .5        .9       1.2        2.7       1.5        2.2         .2        .6        .1

   Great Lakes
     Illinois ...............  1.1         5.8         .4          .7        -.4        .7       1.7        .7        2.5        .6        1.9         .9       1.7       1.0
     Indiana ................  1.1        11.3        3.6         -.1         .1        .5       -.3       1.0        2.2        .7        1.7        1.9        .9       1.0
     Michigan ...............   .3         7.5        2.0         -.4       -1.8       1.8       -.7        .2        3.1        .4        1.0         .8      -1.2      -1.9
     Ohio ...................   .9         5.0        2.0         -.3        -.2       1.1        .5        .1        2.8        .5        2.3         .2       -.5        .9
     Wisconsin ..............   .9        10.1        1.0         -.2        0         1.7       1.2       1.1        3.2       1.7        2.6         .8       -.9      -1.5

   Plains
     Iowa ...................  2.1        18.2         .3          .9         .7        .6       1.1       2.7        2.7       1.7        2.2        -.8       1.1       0
     Kansas .................  1.4         7.0         .7          .1         .9       1.4       2.7       -.2        3.5       1.0        2.4        1.2        .1        .8
     Minnesota ..............  1.1         9.2        2.3          .2        1.5       1.4       1.6       0          2.1        .6        1.6        -.5        .5       -.1
     Missouri ...............  1.5        25.5        5.8         2.2         .9        .9      -2.4       1.0        1.8       1.5        1.3        2.1      -2.7        .5
     Nebraska ...............  1.4         9.8        2.0          .4        1.0       0         1.0       2.0        2.7        .7        2.1        -.5       -.3        .1
     North Dakota ...........  1.8        10.1        1.3          .9        -.1        .9       1.0       1.3        2.7       1.7        1.5        1.0        .6        .3
     South Dakota ...........  2.0         8.7        1.2         -.5        -.4       2.2      -1.0       2.5        2.8        .4        2.6         .5      -1.0       1.7

   Southeast
     Alabama ................  1.3       ---/2        2.3          .2        -.2       1.0        .9       0          2.9       1.9        1.2      ---/2        .1        .7
     Arkansas ...............  1.4         9.0        1.5         -.5        -.1        .9       1.1       -.1        3.9       1.0        2.0         .3        .1       1.2
     Florida ................  1.4         3.6        2.2          .4         .2       1.2        .1       0          3.0       1.8        1.9         .8       -.5       1.1
     Georgia ................  1.7         5.9        3.2          .5        2.4       1.2       1.5       1.2        2.8       1.3        2.9        1.3       2.7       1.0
     Kentucky ...............  1.1         5.0         .5          .9        1.8        .9        .1        .5        2.1       1.4        1.6         .1       -.1        .9
     Louisiana ..............  1.4         4.6        3.8          .9         .9        .2      -1.3        .9        3.8        .7        2.0         .9       -.6       1.2
     Mississippi ............  1.3         4.5        2.6          .6       -3.0        .8       1.0        .1        2.8       2.2        2.1         .2       -.4       1.5
     North Carolina .........  1.1        12.4        2.6          .5       -1.6       1.4     ---/2     ---/2        2.5       1.0        1.7        1.4       -.8       -.1
     South Carolina .........   .6         2.7        3.4         -.5       -1.0        .7       1.1       1.3        2.7       1.6        1.8        1.0       -.1      -1.3
     Tennessee ..............  1.3        17.5        1.1          .2        1.2       2.0       2.0        .7        2.5        .7        2.4         .3        .7        .2
     Virginia ...............  1.0         3.7        2.4          .4       -1.5       1.0       2.1        .8        2.7        .9         .9        -.7       1.0        .6
     West Virginia ..........   .9         1.2         .2          .6         .4        .7       -.4        .4        2.5       -.4        1.8        1.2        .5       1.2

   Southwest
     Arizona ................  1.5         9.5        1.0          .5         .5       1.3       1.5       -.1        2.9       1.2        3.2         .1       1.1        .9
     New Mexico .............  1.8        11.1        2.1         -.1        1.1       1.2       1.6        .5        3.0        .3        2.2         .4        .9       1.2
     Oklahoma ...............  1.5         5.1        1.5         2.1         .2       -.3       2.0       -.5        2.6       1.9         .7         .7      -2.0       2.1
     Texas ..................  1.3         3.5        1.8         0          -.2       1.1        .1        .2        4.0        .7        2.4         .7        .8       1.2

   Rocky Mountain
     Colorado ...............   .5         5.1       -1.9        -1.9        -.6       1.3      -1.8      -1.4        3.8       1.3        2.2        -.6       1.2       -.4
     Idaho ..................  2.6         8.2        2.0         2.3        1.2       3.1       2.0       2.0        6.6       3.3        1.5        -.3       2.9        .4
     Montana ................  1.9        13.8        3.0        -3.6        -.1       2.0       1.4      -2.4        2.9       -.4        1.2        -.5        .7       2.4
     Utah ...................  1.1         3.8         .3          .9        1.2        .6        .2      -2.2        2.6        .5        3.0         .8      -1.0       1.7
     Wyoming ................  1.6         2.3         .6          .5        1.5       1.7     ---/2     ---/2        3.3       -.6        3.1         .8     ---/2       1.6

   Far West
     Alaska .................  1.8       ---/2        1.4       ---/2      ---/2       1.0        .9       4.7        3.7       3.3        3.3        -.3     ---/2       1.3
     California .............  1.1         4.5        1.6          .3         .6       1.3        .4        .7        3.2        .3        2.3         .5       0          .2
     Hawaii .................  1.1         2.9       -1.0       ---/2      ---/2       1.3       1.6       0          3.6       1.6        1.9        1.7       1.5        .6
     Nevada .................  2.1         2.6        3.6         1.5        1.5       2.4       1.2       -.3        4.5       2.4        3.0        1.0        .3       1.0
     Oregon .................  1.0          .7        1.9         1.4         .2        .7        .2       -.8        2.9        .5        1.8        -.1        .4        .8
     Washington .............  1.8         1.6        1.9         -.4        1.9       1.2       1.1       9.0        3.5        .7        1.7         .3       -.4        .4

 BEA regions
   New England ..............   .9         2.5        1.0         0          0          .8       1.1       -.4        2.9        .2        2.0         .2        .1        .4
   Mideast ..................  1.0         2.4        1.6          .2         .3        .1        .4     ---/2        3.1        .3        2.2      ---/2        .7        .4
   Great Lakes ..............   .9         7.3        1.6         -.1        -.4       1.1        .6        .5        2.7        .6        1.9         .8        .2        .1
   Plains ...................  1.5        12.7        2.7          .8        1.0       1.0        .5        .8        2.4       1.1        1.8         .6       -.5        .3
   Southeast ................  1.3       ---/2        2.4          .4         .1       1.1     ---/2     ---/2        2.8       1.3        1.9      ---/2        .3        .7
   Southwest ................  1.4         4.4        1.7          .3        -.1       1.0        .4        .1        3.7        .8        2.4         .5        .6       1.3
   Rocky Mountain ...........  1.0         6.0        -.5         -.5         .3       1.5     ---/2     ---/2        3.7       1.2        2.2        -.2     ---/2        .6
   Far West .................  1.2       ---/2        1.7          .3         .8       1.3        .5       2.3        3.3        .5        2.2         .6     ---/2        .3
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   1. Earnings by place of work is the sum of wage and salary disbursements (payrolls), other labor income, and proprietors' income.
   2. Data are suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information.
   Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
   Underlying detail is available in an aggregated table.


                               Table 4. Contributions to Percent Change in Earnings, by State and Region, 2003:II-2003:III
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                         Percent change
                               ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                            Earnings by industry
                                          -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                            Nondur-                                          Pro-
                               Earnings   Natural                Durable    able              Transpor-                      fessional  Education  Leisure
                               by place   resources   Con-       goods      goods             tation      Infor-  Financial  and        and        and hos-  Other    Govern-
                               of work/1  and mining  struction  manu-      manu-      Trade  and         mation  activities business   health     pitality  sevices  ment
                                                                 facturing  facturing         utilities                      services   services
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 United States ..............       1.2        0.11       0.11       0.02       0.01   0.11       0.02     0.04        0.28       0.10       0.23     0.03     0.01    0.08

   New England
     Connecticut ............        .7         .02       -.04       -.03       -.04    .11        .02      .02         .37       -.04        .22     .00      .01     .03
     Maine ..................        .9         .00        .06        .02       -.13    .20        .02      .05         .16        .10        .37     .01      .03     .04
     Massachusetts ..........        .9         .01        .09        .00        .02    .03        .04     -.04         .41        .05        .33     .00      .00     .00
     New Hampshire ..........       1.6         .03        .01        .12        .05    .21        .06     -.05         .26        .11        .24     .02      .00     .56
     Rhode Island ...........       1.1         .01        .22       -.03        .07    .25       -.01     -.01         .32       -.07        .28     .00     -.02     .08
     Vermont ................       1.1         .09        .13       -.03        .03    .11        .02      .02         .22        .16        .34     .09      .01    -.05

   Mideast
     Delaware ...............        .9         .18        .07       -.20        .20    .06        .02      .02         .37        .24        .18     .08      .05    -.34
     District of Columbia ...        .3         .03        .02        .00        .00   -.01        .01    ---/2         .12        .31        .10   ---/2      .03    -.27
     Maryland ...............       1.1         .03        .11        .04       -.01    .11        .01      .01         .19        .00        .21     .02      .03     .32
     New Jersey .............        .8         .02        .12        .02        .04   -.24       -.02      .03         .41        .15        .26     .05      .00     .02
     New York ...............       1.1         .00        .05        .00       -.01    .07        .02      .03         .62       -.12        .30     .03      .02     .08
     Pennsylvania ...........       1.2         .02        .11        .02        .02    .06        .04      .04         .23        .21        .35     .01      .02     .02

   Great Lakes
     Illinois ...............       1.1         .06        .02        .05       -.02    .09        .08      .02         .28        .11        .20     .03      .05     .15
     Indiana ................       1.1         .12        .25       -.02        .01    .05       -.02      .02         .13        .06        .19     .08      .03     .15
     Michigan ...............        .3         .05        .12       -.07       -.07    .21       -.03      .00         .18        .07        .11     .03     -.03    -.27
     Ohio ...................        .9         .04        .11       -.04       -.01    .14        .02      .00         .20        .06        .28     .01     -.01     .14
     Wisconsin ..............        .9         .13        .06       -.03        .00    .20        .05      .03         .22        .18        .33     .03     -.02    -.23

   Plains
     Iowa ...................       2.1        1.16        .02        .10        .04    .08        .05      .07         .23        .13        .25    -.03      .03     .00
     Kansas .................       1.4         .24        .04        .01        .05    .18        .13     -.01         .25        .10        .25     .05      .00     .15
     Minnesota ..............       1.1         .17        .15        .02        .07    .18        .07      .00         .21        .09        .19    -.02      .02    -.01
     Missouri ...............       1.5         .21        .39        .18        .04    .11       -.11      .05         .13        .21        .16     .09     -.08     .07
     Nebraska ...............       1.4         .55        .14        .02        .06    .00        .08      .06         .21        .08        .24    -.02     -.01     .02
     North Dakota ...........       1.8         .86        .08        .05        .00    .13        .06      .03         .16        .13        .20     .04      .02     .07
     South Dakota ...........       2.0         .77        .08       -.03       -.01    .28       -.04      .05         .22        .03        .37     .02     -.03     .33

   Southeast
     Alabama ................       1.3       ---/2        .15        .02       -.02    .12        .04      .00         .18        .21        .12   ---/2      .00     .15
     Arkansas ...............       1.4         .43        .08       -.04       -.01    .11        .07      .00         .20        .10        .23     .01      .00     .21
     Florida ................       1.4         .04        .16        .02        .00    .16        .01      .00         .29        .30        .23     .05     -.02     .18
     Georgia ................       1.7         .08        .19        .02        .13    .16        .09      .07         .22        .19        .27     .05      .07     .16
     Kentucky ...............       1.1         .15        .03        .10        .11    .11        .01      .01         .12        .12        .19     .00      .00     .18
     Louisiana ..............       1.4         .26        .27        .04        .05    .02       -.07      .02         .23        .08        .23     .05     -.02     .24
     Mississippi ............       1.3         .17        .16        .06       -.16    .09        .05      .00         .14        .18        .22     .01     -.01     .35
     North Carolina .........       1.1         .23        .16        .05       -.12    .18      ---/2    ---/2         .17        .13        .17     .06     -.02    -.01
     South Carolina .........        .6         .03        .25       -.04       -.08    .08        .04      .02         .18        .19        .16     .05      .00    -.27
     Tennessee ..............       1.3         .08        .06        .02        .08    .27        .11      .02         .18        .08        .33     .02      .02     .04
     Virginia ...............       1.0         .03        .15        .02       -.05    .10        .08      .04         .18        .18        .07    -.03      .03     .16
     West Virginia ..........        .9         .07        .01        .04        .02    .08       -.02      .01         .11       -.04        .27     .06      .01     .28

   Southwest
     Arizona ................       1.5         .17        .09        .04        .01    .17        .06      .00         .28        .17        .34     .00      .03     .16
     New Mexico .............       1.8         .60        .14        .00        .01    .12        .06      .01         .14        .05        .22     .02      .02     .37
     Oklahoma ...............       1.5         .33        .08        .14        .01   -.04        .11     -.01         .15        .20        .07     .03     -.06     .47
     Texas ..................       1.3         .19        .12        .00       -.01    .14        .00      .01         .34        .09        .22     .03      .02     .19

   Rocky Mountain
     Colorado ...............        .5         .12       -.15       -.12       -.01    .15       -.07     -.11         .37        .21        .19    -.03      .03    -.07
     Idaho ..................       2.6         .58        .17        .21        .04    .40        .08      .03         .37        .43        .15    -.01      .07     .07
     Montana ................       1.9         .69        .25       -.12        .00    .27        .08     -.06         .17       -.03        .15    -.03      .02     .54
     Utah ...................       1.1         .07        .02        .07        .04    .08        .01     -.07         .20        .06        .29     .03     -.04     .35
     Wyoming ................       1.6         .35        .05        .01        .03    .18      ---/2    ---/2         .16       -.05        .24     .05    ---/2     .41

   Far West
     Alaska .................       1.8       ---/2        .12      ---/2      ---/2    .09        .07      .13         .16        .27        .31    -.02    ---/2     .41
     California .............       1.1         .09        .10        .02        .02    .15        .01      .04         .30        .06        .21     .03      .00     .03
     Hawaii .................       1.1         .04       -.07      ---/2      ---/2    .13        .08      .00         .22        .20        .19     .17      .04     .17
     Nevada .................       2.1         .04        .42        .05        .02    .26        .05     -.01         .34        .32        .22     .20      .01     .16
     Oregon .................       1.0         .02        .12        .15        .01    .09        .01     -.02         .21        .07        .21    -.01      .01     .15
     Washington .............       1.8         .04        .13       -.03        .05    .13        .03      .83         .25        .09        .16     .01     -.01     .08

 BEA regions
   New England ..............        .9         .01        .06        .00        .00    .09        .03     -.02         .36        .03        .29     .01      .00     .06
   Mideast ..................       1.0         .02        .08        .01        .01    .01        .01    ---/2         .42        .04        .28   ---/2      .02     .06
   Great Lakes ..............        .9         .07        .10       -.01       -.02    .14        .03      .01         .22        .09        .21     .03      .01     .01
   Plains ...................       1.5         .40        .18        .07        .05    .13        .02      .03         .20        .13        .21     .02     -.01     .05
   Southeast ................       1.3       ---/2        .15        .03        .00    .14      ---/2    ---/2         .21        .18        .21   ---/2      .01     .13
   Southwest ................       1.4         .22        .11        .02        .00    .13        .02      .00         .31        .11        .23     .02      .02     .22
   Rocky Mountain ...........       1.0         .22       -.04       -.03        .01    .18      ---/2    ---/2         .31        .17        .21    -.01    ---/2     .11
   Far West .................       1.2       ---/2        .11        .02        .02    .15        .02      .13         .28        .08        .21     .03    ---/2     .06
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   1. Earnings by place of work is the sum of wage and salary disbursements (payrolls), other labor income, and proprietors' income.
   2. Data are suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information.
   Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis