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The tables in this release are available in an XLS spreadsheet and the entire release is available in PDF format. A brief summary of highlights is available in PDF format.

EMBARGOED UNTIL RELEASE AT 8:30 A.M. EDT, Tuesday, June 29, 2004
G. Andrew Bernat Jr.: (202) 606–9235 BEA 04—33
Mathew von Kerczek (202) 606–9250
E-mail inquiries: RegRelease@bea.gov

 

State Personal Income: First Quarter 2004

Personal income for the Nation grew 1.4 percent in the first quarter of 2004, the same as in the fourth quarter of 2003, and up from 1.2 percent in the third quarter (table 1). According to estimates released today by the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, personal income growth accelerated in 21 states and the District of Columbia. These states accounted for more than 57 percent of total personal income.

Today's release of first quarter 2004 state personal income accelerates the availability of these data by four weeks-to three months after the reference quarter-fulfilling a major goal in BEA's Strategic Plan (see box on page 3).

 
Chart 1
Chart 1: map of United States showing per capita personal income percent change from the previous quarter

Personal Income Growth by Component

Nationally, faster growth in net earnings and in personal current transfer receipts offset slower growth in property income (dividends, interest, and rent). Net earnings grew 1.5 percent in the first quarter, the fastest since the third quarter of 2000. Net earnings increased in 46 states and the District of Columbia.

Transfer receipts grew 1.4 percent in the first quarter. Transfer receipts accelerated in 46 states and the District of Columbia, which contrasts to the fourth quarter of 2003, when transfer receipts decelerated in every state and the District of Columbia. Unemployment benefit payments, a small but volatile component of transfer receipts, declined 18 percent nationally after declining 5.2 percent in the fourth quarter of 2003. Unemployment benefit payments declined in every state and the District of Columbia except for North Carolina. All other transfer receipts, predominantly social security payments, increased 2.2 percent.

Property income increased 0.8 percent in the first quarter, compared with a 2.7 percent increase in the fourth quarter of 2003. Interest income receipts, which account for 60 percent of total property income, increased 0.1 percent. Rental income, the smallest of the three components of property income, increased 2.6 percent and dividends increased 1.8 percent.

Earnings Growth by Industry

Nationally, earnings grew in every industry except natural resources and mining (table 3). Financial activities accounted for 0.29 percentage point of the 1.6 percent growth in earnings and contributed the most to earnings growth in 12 states (table 4). Government contributed 0.25 percentage points and was the largest contributor to earnings growth in 19 states and the District of Columbia as military earnings grew 5.2 percent. Following substantial growth throughout 2003, earnings in natural resources and mining, principally farming, declined 6.0 percent in the first quarter. This contributed to declines in total earnings growth in South Dakota, North Dakota, Wyoming, and Nebraska, and to relatively slow total earnings growth in Kansas, Montana, and Idaho.

Earnings in durables manufacturing increased for the third consecutive quarter, though growth slowed to 2.1 percent from 2.6 percent in the fourth quarter of 2003. Earnings in durables manufacturing increased in 43 states. Earnings in nondurables manufacturing increased for the second quarter in a row.

Year-to-Year Trends in Quarterly State Personal Income Growth

Because quarter-to-quarter changes in state personal income are subject to large swings, it is also useful to look at the change in state personal income in the current quarter relative to the same quarter a year ago. Chart 2 shows the year-to-year growth rates of quarterly state personal income from the third quarter of 2000 through the first quarter of 2004.

Year-to-year growth in personal income in the bottom quintile states, where the quintiles are based on personal income growth from the fourth quarter of 2003 to the first quarter of 2004, was higher than in the top quintile states throughout 2003. Their drop in the first quarter of 2004 is due to the fact that natural resources and mining, primarily farming, is a major contributor to total earnings in many of these states and earnings in farming declined substantially in the first quarter of 2004.

 
Chart 2
Chart 2: line graph showing change in personal income from the same quarter a year earlier

 

Acceleration of State Personal Income Data Release
The release today of the first quarter 2004 estimates of state personal income represents a one-month acceleration of the release of quarterly state personal income and is the fulfillment of a major goal in the Bureau of Economic Analysis' (BEA) strategic plan to accelerate the release of BEA data. It results from efforts by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and state employment security agencies, in close collaboration with the BEA, to speed up delivery of wage and salary data from the state unemployment insurance programs. These accelerated personal income data will provide analysts with more timely information with which to assess growth in state economies and to project state government revenues and budgets.

Definitions

Personal income is the income received by all persons from all sources. Personal income is the sum of net earnings by place of residence, rental income of persons, personal dividend income, personal interest income, and personal current transfer receipts. Net earnings is earnings by place of work (the sum of wage and salary disbursements (payrolls), supplements to wages and salaries, and proprietors' income) less government contributions for social insurance, plus an adjustment to convert earnings by place of work to a place-of-residence basis. Personal income is measured before the deduction of personal income taxes and other personal taxes and is reported in current dollars (no adjustment is made for price changes).

The estimate of personal income in the United States is derived as the sum of the state estimates; it differs from the estimate of personal income in the national income and product accounts (NIPA's) because of differences in coverage, in the methodologies used to prepare the estimates, and in the timing of the availability of source data.

BEA groups all 50 states and the District of Columbia into eight distinct regions for purposes of data collecting and analyses: New England (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont); Mideast (Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania); Great Lakes (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin); Plains (Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota); Southeast (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia; Southwest (Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas); Rocky Mountain (Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Utah, and Wyoming); and Far West (Alaska, California, Hawaii, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington).

BEA's major national, regional, international, and industry estimates; the Survey of Current Business; and BEA news releases are available without charge on BEA's Web site:

Summary BEA estimates are available on recorded messages at the time of public release at the following telephone numbers:

        (202) 606-5306   Gross domestic product
              606-5303   Personal income and outlays
              606-5362   U.S. international transactions

Most of BEA's estimates and analyses are published in the Survey of Current Business, BEA's monthly journal. Subscriptions and single copies of the printed Survey are for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office. Internet: <bookstore.gpo.gov>; phone: 202-512-1800; fax: 202-512-2250; mail: SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-0001.


Next state personal income release—September 28, 2004, at 8:30 AM EDT for state personal income, second quarter 2004, and revised state personal income 2001-2003.

                                          Table 1. Personal Income, by State and Region, 2003:I-2004:I
                                           [Millions of dollars, seasonally adjusted at annual rates]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     2003                        2004         Percent change from preceding quarter/1      Rank                                                                                                                                    2004        Percent change from preceding quarter/1          2003:IV-
                                -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------    2003:IV-
                                  I/r         II/r        III/r       IV/r        I/p       2003:II    2003:III     2003:IV      2004:I    2004:I
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 United States ..............   9,040,513   9,140,673   9,254,257   9,380,498   9,510,058       1.1         1.2         1.4         1.4         ---
   New England
     Connecticut ............     148,790     149,462     151,005     152,468     154,468        .5         1.0         1.0         1.3          29
     Maine ..................      37,099      37,365      37,781      38,751      39,278        .7         1.1         2.6         1.4          26
     Massachusetts ..........     252,796     254,391     257,878     260,615     263,894        .6         1.4         1.1         1.3          31
     New Hampshire ..........      43,963      44,334      44,995      45,649      46,199        .8         1.5         1.5         1.2          33
     Rhode Island ...........      33,899      34,052      34,554      35,159      35,658        .5         1.5         1.8         1.4          24
     Vermont ................      18,670      18,919      19,166      19,610      19,829       1.3         1.3         2.3         1.1          37
   Mideast
     Delaware ...............      26,375      26,690      27,020      27,488      27,949       1.2         1.2         1.7         1.7          12
     District of Columbia ...      26,831      27,154      27,374      27,711      28,200       1.2          .8         1.2         1.8         ---
     Maryland ...............     201,719     204,654     207,142     210,268     213,474       1.5         1.2         1.5         1.5          18
     New Jersey .............     342,313     346,690     351,792     354,672     359,737       1.3         1.5          .8         1.4          22
     New York ...............     688,880     698,646     706,397     717,968     726,477       1.4         1.1         1.6         1.2          34
     Pennsylvania ...........     389,891     393,707     397,768     404,227     408,616       1.0         1.0         1.6         1.1          38
   Great Lakes
     Illinois ...............     420,189     424,031     427,877     431,657     435,361        .9          .9          .9          .9          44
     Indiana ................     175,723     177,397     179,169     182,543     184,229       1.0         1.0         1.9          .9          42
     Michigan ...............     302,873     305,469     307,987     313,243     316,063        .9          .8         1.7          .9          43
     Ohio ...................     339,016     341,551     343,086     349,606     354,232        .7          .4         1.9         1.3          28
     Wisconsin ..............     166,610     168,086     169,881     172,300     175,373        .9         1.1         1.4         1.8           9
   Plains
     Iowa ...................      84,103      84,973      86,007      87,337      88,371       1.0         1.2         1.5         1.2          35
     Kansas .................      80,455      80,925      81,936      82,855      83,081        .6         1.2         1.1          .3          46
     Minnesota ..............     170,423     172,749     176,148     175,678     178,178       1.4         2.0         -.3         1.4          23
     Missouri ...............     164,355     165,784     167,492     168,702     171,114        .9         1.0          .7         1.4          21
     Nebraska ...............      52,262      53,171      53,864      54,742      54,468       1.7         1.3         1.6         -.5          47
     North Dakota ...........      17,800      18,279      18,698      19,259      18,976       2.7         2.3         3.0        -1.5          49
     South Dakota ...........      21,472      22,197      22,561      23,261      22,805       3.4         1.6         3.1        -2.0          50
   Southeast
     Alabama ................     116,923     117,691     118,967     121,445     123,398        .7         1.1         2.1         1.6          14
     Arkansas ...............      65,032      65,733      66,623      68,027      69,420       1.1         1.4         2.1         2.0           2
     Florida ................     507,948     514,247     521,836     528,468     536,353       1.2         1.5         1.3         1.5          19
     Georgia ................     252,116     253,943     256,480     260,764     265,446        .7         1.0         1.7         1.8           8
     Kentucky ...............     106,356     107,473     108,608     110,390     111,826       1.1         1.1         1.6         1.3          30
     Louisiana ..............     115,376     116,791     117,989     119,404     121,068       1.2         1.0         1.2         1.4          25
     Mississippi ............      66,524      66,951      67,884      68,956      70,194        .6         1.4         1.6         1.8           7
     North Carolina .........     234,033     235,351     238,865     244,265     247,509        .6         1.5         2.3         1.3          27
     South Carolina .........     107,081     107,592     108,685     110,517     112,245        .5         1.0         1.7         1.6          16
     Tennessee ..............     163,497     164,995     167,066     169,777     172,694        .9         1.3         1.6         1.7          11
     Virginia ...............     244,342     246,995     250,487     254,935     260,747       1.1         1.4         1.8         2.3           1
     West Virginia ..........      43,634      43,965      44,248      44,780      45,430        .8          .6         1.2         1.5          20
   Southwest
     Arizona ................     146,205     148,566     150,784     153,995     156,768       1.6         1.5         2.1         1.8           6
     New Mexico .............      46,854      47,597      48,088      49,659      50,156       1.6         1.0         3.3         1.0          40
     Oklahoma ...............      92,397      93,339      93,985      95,130      96,647       1.0          .7         1.2         1.6          15
     Texas ..................     638,678     646,415     653,225     662,010     673,572       1.2         1.1         1.3         1.7          10
   Rocky Mountain
     Colorado ...............     153,156     154,419     157,640     157,074     158,866        .8         2.1         -.4         1.1          36
     Idaho ..................      34,672      35,074      35,613      36,175      36,525       1.2         1.5         1.6         1.0          41
     Montana ................      23,231      23,714      23,940      24,287      24,445       2.1         1.0         1.5          .6          45
     Utah ...................      57,745      58,413      58,969      59,994      60,963       1.2         1.0         1.7         1.6          13
     Wyoming ................      15,930      16,156      16,585      17,156      17,001       1.4         2.7         3.4         -.9          48
   Far West
     Alaska .................      21,287      21,651      21,893      22,134      22,573       1.7         1.1         1.1         2.0           4
     California .............   1,171,725   1,187,632   1,205,602   1,220,360   1,239,263       1.4         1.5         1.2         1.5          17
     Hawaii .................      38,287      38,714      39,016      39,648      40,385       1.1          .8         1.6         1.9           5
     Nevada .................      68,413      69,176      70,808      72,681      74,148       1.1         2.4         2.6         2.0           3
     Oregon .................     102,550     103,447     105,137     106,814     107,933        .9         1.6         1.6         1.0          39
     Washington .............     200,018     203,955     207,655     205,886     208,450       2.0         1.8         -.9         1.2          32
 BEA regions
   New England ..............     535,216     538,524     545,379     552,251     559,327        .6         1.3         1.3         1.3         ---
   Mideast ..................   1,676,007   1,697,541   1,717,492   1,742,335   1,764,454       1.3         1.2         1.4         1.3         ---
   Great Lakes ..............   1,404,410   1,416,533   1,428,001   1,449,349   1,465,258        .9          .8         1.5         1.1         ---
   Plains ...................     590,870     598,078     606,707     611,833     616,993       1.2         1.4          .8          .8         ---
   Southeast ................   2,022,863   2,041,730   2,067,739   2,101,728   2,136,330        .9         1.3         1.6         1.6         ---
   Southwest ................     924,134     935,917     946,082     960,794     977,143       1.3         1.1         1.6         1.7         ---
   Rocky Mountain ...........     284,733     287,775     292,747     294,685     297,801       1.1         1.7          .7         1.1         ---
   Far West .................   1,602,280   1,624,575   1,650,111   1,667,523   1,692,753       1.4         1.6         1.1         1.5         ---
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   r Revised.
   p Preliminary.
   1. Percent changes are expressed at quarterly rates.
   Note: Estimates may not add to totals because of rounding.
   Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

                                      Table 2. Personal Income by Component, by State and Region, 2003:IV-2004:I
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                                                                    Contribution to percent
                                                                                   change in personal income
                                          Percent change                              (percentage points)            Dollar change (millions)
                                -------------------------------------              --------------------------  ------------------------------------
                                                    Divi-              Percent              Divi-                                  Divi-
                                                    dends,             change in            dends,                                 dends,
                                           Net      inter-             personal    Net      inter-                        Net      inter-
                                Personal   earn-    est,     Transfer  income      earn-    est,     Transfer  Personal   earn-    est,    Transfer
                                income     ings/1   and      receipts              ings/1   and      receipts   income    ings/1   and     receipts
                                                    rent                                    rent                                   rent
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 United States ..............        1.4      1.5      0.8        1.4        1.4     1.03     0.14       0.20   129,561   96,952   13,451    19,158
   New England
     Connecticut ............        1.3      1.5       .8         .7        1.3     1.09      .13        .09     2,000    1,665      202       133
     Maine ..................        1.4      1.4       .8        1.9        1.4      .88      .14        .34       527      340       54       133
     Massachusetts ..........        1.3      1.4      1.0         .9        1.3      .95      .18        .13     3,279    2,481      466       332
     New Hampshire ..........        1.2      1.3       .6        1.2        1.2      .96      .10        .14       551      440       47        63
     Rhode Island ...........        1.4      1.6       .7        1.5        1.4     1.04      .12        .27       499      364       41        94
     Vermont ................        1.1      1.0      1.1        1.8        1.1      .62      .21        .29       219      122       41        57
   Mideast
     Delaware ...............        1.7      2.0       .8        1.2        1.7     1.35      .15        .18       461      372       40        50
     District of Columbia ...        1.8      2.2       .6         .8        1.8     1.58      .09        .10       490      438       24        27
     Maryland ...............        1.5      1.7      1.0        1.3        1.5     1.21      .16        .15     3,206    2,549      342       315
     New Jersey .............        1.4      1.6       .8        1.1        1.4     1.16      .12        .15     5,065    4,102      437       526
     New York ...............        1.2      1.4       .6        1.1        1.2      .90      .09        .19     8,509    6,465      648     1,396
     Pennsylvania ...........        1.1      1.3       .6         .8        1.1      .84      .10        .14     4,389    3,408      396       585
   Great Lakes
     Illinois ...............         .9      1.0       .7         .4         .9      .68      .13        .05     3,704    2,915      558       232
     Indiana ................         .9       .9       .8        1.3         .9      .60      .13        .20     1,685    1,091      229       365
     Michigan ...............         .9      1.1       .7         .5         .9      .72      .10        .08     2,821    2,266      317       238
     Ohio ...................        1.3      1.5       .7        1.3        1.3     1.00      .11        .22     4,626    3,496      376       754
     Wisconsin ..............        1.8      2.1       .7        1.4        1.8     1.46      .11        .21     3,074    2,507      197       370
   Plains
     Iowa ...................        1.2      1.3       .6        1.3        1.2      .88      .10        .20     1,034      766       89       178
     Kansas .................         .3      0         .7        1.2         .3     -.03      .12        .18       227      -23       98       151
     Minnesota ..............        1.4      1.6      1.0        1.3        1.4     1.08      .18        .17     2,500    1,893      314       293
     Missouri ...............        1.4      1.6       .6        1.7        1.4     1.03      .10        .30     2,412    1,733      177       503
     Nebraska ...............        -.5     -1.3       .8        1.7        -.5     -.90      .15        .24      -274     -493       85       134
     North Dakota ...........       -1.5     -2.7       .7        1.6       -1.5    -1.82      .11        .24      -283     -351       22        46
     South Dakota ...........       -2.0     -3.7       .9        2.0       -2.0    -2.43      .18        .29      -456     -566       42        67
   Southeast
     Alabama ................        1.6      1.7       .8        1.9        1.6     1.12      .14        .35     1,953    1,366      164       423
     Arkansas ...............        2.0      2.5       .7        1.7        2.0     1.59      .11        .35     1,392    1,078       76       238
     Florida ................        1.5      1.6      1.1        1.9        1.5      .93      .26        .31     7,885    4,888    1,359     1,637
     Georgia ................        1.8      1.9      1.2        2.0        1.8     1.33      .18        .28     4,682    3,461      478       743
     Kentucky ...............        1.3      1.3       .9        1.6        1.3      .84      .15        .31     1,435      928      162       345
     Louisiana ..............        1.4      1.4       .7        1.8        1.4      .94      .10        .35     1,665    1,120      124       421
     Mississippi ............        1.8      1.9      1.0        2.0        1.8     1.19      .15        .45     1,239      820      105       314
     North Carolina .........        1.3      1.1       .9        2.7        1.3      .75      .15        .43     3,244    1,832      357     1,056
     South Carolina .........        1.6      1.6      1.1        1.9        1.6     1.04      .17        .35     1,728    1,149      191       388
     Tennessee ..............        1.7      1.9       .7        1.8        1.7     1.30      .10        .32     2,917    2,209      168       540
     Virginia ...............        2.3      2.7       .8        1.6        2.3     1.98      .13        .17     5,812    5,047      331       435
     West Virginia ..........        1.5      1.8       .7        1.1        1.5     1.06      .11        .29       650      474       47       129
   Southwest
     Arizona ................        1.8      1.9      1.0        2.1        1.8     1.31      .17        .32     2,773    2,018      258       497
     New Mexico .............        1.0       .7      1.0        2.2        1.0      .45      .16        .40       497      221       79       196
     Oklahoma ...............        1.6      1.7      1.2        1.7        1.6     1.10      .20        .29     1,517    1,048      192       277
     Texas ..................        1.7      2.0       .9        1.5        1.7     1.44      .12        .19    11,562    9,535      788     1,240
   Rocky Mountain
     Colorado ...............        1.1      1.1      1.1        1.2        1.1      .81      .20        .13     1,792    1,277      317       198
     Idaho ..................        1.0       .8      1.0        1.5        1.0      .56      .18        .23       351      202       64        85
     Montana ................         .6       .4       .7        1.5         .6      .24      .15        .25       158       59       37        61
     Utah ...................        1.6      1.7       .9        2.1        1.6     1.22      .13        .26       970      734       81       155
     Wyoming ................        -.9     -2.3      1.5        1.8        -.9    -1.48      .35        .23      -154     -254       61        39
   Far West
     Alaska .................        2.0      2.5       .7         .8        2.0     1.75      .11        .12       439      387       25        27
     California .............        1.5      1.7      1.0        1.3        1.5     1.20      .17        .18    18,903   14,694    2,071     2,139
     Hawaii .................        1.9      2.2       .6        1.4        1.9     1.57      .11        .18       737      622       42        73
     Nevada .................        2.0      2.3      1.0        2.2        2.0     1.57      .19        .26     1,467    1,139      141       187
     Oregon .................        1.0      1.0       .8        1.3        1.0      .67      .16        .22     1,119      714      170       235
     Washington .............        1.2      1.6       .9         .1        1.2     1.07      .16        .02     2,564    2,202      323        39
 BEA regions
   New England ..............        1.3      1.4       .9        1.1        1.3      .98      .15        .15     7,075    5,412      850       813
   Mideast ..................        1.3      1.5       .7        1.1        1.3      .99      .11        .17    22,120   17,334    1,886     2,899
   Great Lakes ..............        1.1      1.2       .7         .9        1.1      .85      .12        .14    15,909   12,275    1,675     1,959
   Plains ...................         .8       .7       .8        1.5         .8      .48      .14        .22     5,160    2,960      827     1,372
   Southeast ................        1.6      1.8      1.0        1.9        1.6     1.16      .17        .32    34,603   24,371    3,563     6,668
   Southwest ................        1.7      1.9       .9        1.6        1.7     1.33      .14        .23    16,349   12,822    1,317     2,210
   Rocky Mountain ...........        1.1      1.0      1.1        1.5        1.1      .69      .19        .18     3,116    2,019      560       538
   Far West .................        1.5      1.7      1.0        1.2        1.5     1.18      .17        .16    25,230   19,758    2,772     2,700
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   1. Net earnings is earnings by place of work-the sum of wage and salary disbursements, supplements to wages and salaries, and proprietors'
 income-less contributions for government social insurance plus an adjustment to convert earnings by place of work to a place-of-residence basis.
   Note: Estimates may not add to totals because of rounding.
   Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

                                                    Table 3. Earnings Growth by Major Industry, by State and Region, 2003:IV-2004:I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                  Percent change
                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                      Earnings by industry
                                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                 Nondur-                                           Pro-
                                    Earnings   Natural                Durable    able              Transpor-                       fessional  Education  Leisure
                                    by place   resources   Con-       goods      goods      Trade  tation      Infor-  Financial   and        and        and hos-  Other     Govern-
                                    of work/1  and mining  struction  manu-      manu-             and         mation  activities  business   health     pitality  services  ment
                                                                      facturing  facturing         utilities                       services   services
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 United States ..............             1.6        -6.0        2.2        2.1        1.7    1.5        1.8      1.3         2.8        1.6        2.0       1.8       1.1      1.5
   New England
     Connecticut ............             1.7         -.8        1.0        1.8         .6    2.0        -.7      1.9         3.0        1.6        1.7       1.4       1.9       .8
     Maine ..................             1.5        -3.2        2.5        1.1       -1.4    1.8        1.2      1.5         2.6         .5        1.8       1.6        .9      2.4
     Massachusetts ..........             1.5        -1.1        3.7        2.5        2.4     .7        1.1      -.2         3.3         .5        1.3       1.2       1.3       .7
     New Hampshire ..........             1.5         2.4         .6        1.3       -1.4    1.9        2.3       .6         3.1        1.7        2.5        .6       -.4       .6
     Rhode Island ...........             1.8       ---/2      ---/2        2.0        3.1    2.0        3.1      1.6         2.1       -1.6        2.3       2.5       2.5      1.4
     Vermont ................             1.1        -9.7        2.9        1.8        2.6    1.1        1.7    ---/2         2.6       -3.2        2.1       2.9     ---/2       .9
   Mideast
     Delaware ...............             2.2        18.4        1.6        4.9        1.8    2.0        2.0      1.0         1.8        3.1        3.3      -2.2       2.4       .6
     District of Columbia ...             2.4       ---/2        5.6      ---/2      ---/2    1.9        1.5      2.0         1.4        2.3        3.4       2.6       -.4      3.0
     Maryland ...............             1.6         4.5        1.5        2.3        2.1    1.7         .3      1.0         1.2        1.5        2.7       -.6       1.2      1.5
     New Jersey .............             1.9        -1.9        2.0        1.9        2.0     .8        1.5       .4         3.9        2.2        1.9       1.2        .8      1.6
     New York ...............             1.4         -.6         .8        2.8         .6    1.7        1.8      2.4         0          2.1        2.2       2.1       1.0      1.2
     Pennsylvania ...........             1.4        -5.8        1.3        1.7         .8    1.2         .8      1.1         3.0        1.3        1.4       2.6       1.6      1.1
   Great Lakes
     Illinois ...............             1.1       -16.3         .5        2.6        2.3    1.0        1.8      1.0         2.8        0          1.7       1.4        .8      1.1
     Indiana ................             1.0       -10.5        4.8       -3.1        2.3    2.4        2.1      1.6         3.5         .5        2.0       2.4       1.4      1.0
     Michigan ...............             1.2        -9.2        -.3        1.9         .5    1.1        2.3      -.3         3.0        1.7         .3       2.5        .8       .4
     Ohio ...................             1.7       -24.5        2.0        2.9        2.2    1.2        1.7       .6         3.3        2.5        1.6       2.7       1.1       .9
     Wisconsin ..............             2.3       -12.7        5.8        3.5        2.9    2.8        2.3      1.4         3.7         .9        2.4       2.7        .8       .9
   Plains
     Iowa ...................             1.5        -6.4        3.8        3.0         .4    1.7         .6      2.1         4.0        -.4        1.7       2.8       1.5       .9
     Kansas .................              .2       -36.7         .4        2.5        2.3    1.4        1.9      3.4         3.8         .4        2.1       2.9       1.9      2.0
     Minnesota ..............             1.7       -16.4        1.5        4.0        1.8    2.3        1.9      1.1         3.0        1.2        2.5       1.5       0         .8
     Missouri ...............             1.7       -19.4        2.7        2.7        1.8    1.0        2.5      2.2         3.6        1.1        2.0       3.3       1.4      1.6
     Nebraska ...............             -.9       -36.4        1.8        3.8         .9    2.2        1.6      1.1         2.7        1.0        1.0       1.7       -.6      1.1
     North Dakota ...........            -1.9       -25.9        3.5        3.2        3.1    1.3        1.9      2.4         2.9        2.1        1.8       0          .8      1.9
     South Dakota ...........            -2.9       -38.5        1.5        3.5        3.4    1.7        2.1     -1.1         3.5        2.0        1.9       1.4       -.6      2.3
   Southeast
     Alabama ................             1.8        -2.6        4.4        4.0        1.5    2.3        1.9      -.2         2.5         .4        2.4       2.0       0        1.2
     Arkansas ...............             2.5        17.7        1.7        1.4        2.3    1.1        2.2      1.8         3.0        1.6        2.2       1.7       1.2      1.5
     Florida ................             1.7        -4.1        1.2        2.0        1.7    1.3         .8       .8         3.1        1.7        1.9       1.8       2.0      1.7
     Georgia ................             2.0        -9.9        1.9        2.4        3.8    1.4        3.2      3.4         3.7        2.6        1.6        .9       -.5      1.9
     Kentucky ...............             1.5       -12.6        4.7        3.4        1.7    1.9        2.2      -.5         3.5        1.2        1.2       2.6       1.0      1.0
     Louisiana ..............             1.5         2.8        1.5       -1.5        1.9    1.9        2.1      2.1         3.2        1.2        2.0       1.3        .6      1.0
     Mississippi ............             1.9        18.5       -2.6         .5        -.2    1.7         .8       .7         3.6         .1        2.9        .7       -.9      1.9
     North Carolina .........             1.3       -17.5        3.2        2.0        0      2.1         .4       .9         3.1        2.1        1.6       -.6       -.1      1.4
     South Carolina .........             1.7         4.7        1.1        2.3        -.6    2.1        2.0       .7         4.3         .7        1.8       2.9       1.2      1.7
     Tennessee ..............             2.0       -18.4        1.5        2.7        2.1    1.2        2.3       .6         3.1        2.6        2.5       2.7        .2      2.5
     Virginia ...............             2.9        -6.8        4.0        2.4        1.8    3.3         .6      1.0         3.9        3.4        3.0       3.2       2.6      3.2
     West Virginia ..........             2.0         3.5        3.2        3.3        1.0    1.5        2.5      1.4         3.0        1.7        1.5       1.7       1.2      1.6
   Southwest
     Arizona ................             2.1       -13.6        4.4        3.0        1.3    1.6        2.1       .1         4.1        1.7        3.0       1.7       1.1      1.9
     New Mexico .............              .9       -11.1        2.5       -4.4        3.0    1.3        1.9       .5         3.5        1.7        2.3       1.7       1.7      1.8
     Oklahoma ...............             1.8        -1.9        1.5        2.4        2.3    1.2        2.3      2.4         4.1        1.5        2.1        .4       1.0      2.4
     Texas ..................             2.1         2.5        1.8        2.1        2.4    1.9        2.0      1.6         3.7        1.0        2.4       1.9       1.8      1.7
   Rocky Mountain
     Colorado ...............             1.2         -.3       -1.0        2.3         .6     .8         .8       .7         2.9        1.1        2.1        .7       1.2      1.4
     Idaho ..................             1.1       -19.9        4.0        2.2        1.9    2.5        2.4      1.8         3.5        2.8        2.7       1.8        .4      3.4
     Montana ................              .7       -15.8        3.6        5.3         .7    1.6        2.0      3.7         4.2         .8        1.5       1.6       2.0       .5
     Utah ...................             1.8        -2.4        3.8        1.9        2.2     .7        2.0      1.9         3.0        1.9        2.2        .4       1.9      1.5
     Wyoming ................            -1.7       -15.0      ---/2      ---/2      ---/2    1.9        2.2    ---/2         4.3       -3.9        1.3        .9     ---/2      2.3
   Far West
     Alaska .................             2.6         4.4        2.8      ---/2      ---/2    2.9        1.7      2.1         3.5         .8        2.5       2.2       1.1      3.0
     California .............             1.8        -3.1        2.9        2.6        1.8    1.4        1.9      1.4         3.3        1.9        1.8       1.9       1.0      1.2
     Hawaii .................             2.3        -1.6        3.3      ---/2      ---/2    1.0         .4       .8         3.7         .8        2.3       1.8        .4      3.8
     Nevada .................             2.4        -9.5        4.7        5.0        3.8    2.3        3.7      2.0         4.0        1.0        2.9       1.7       2.7      1.9
     Oregon .................             1.2        -6.0        3.1       -3.0         .7    1.5        2.7      1.9         2.2        1.5        2.8       1.8       4.2      1.9
     Washington .............             1.7         1.1        2.6        1.6        1.0    1.7        3.0       .2         3.7         .7        1.7        .7       2.3      1.8
 BEA regions
   New England ..............             1.5       ---/2      ---/2        2.1        1.3    1.3         .9    ---/2         3.1         .7        1.6       1.4     ---/2      1.0
   Mideast ..................             1.6       ---/2        1.4      ---/2      ---/2    1.4        1.3      1.7         1.2        1.9        2.1       1.7       1.0      1.5
   Great Lakes ..............             1.4       -15.9        1.9        1.6        2.1    1.4        2.0       .8         3.1        1.1        1.5       2.2        .9       .9
   Plains ...................             1.0       -26.7        2.1        3.2        1.6    1.7        1.8      2.0         3.4        1.0        2.0       2.4        .8      1.4
   Southeast ................             1.9        -2.9        2.2        2.3        1.5    1.8        1.7      1.4         3.3        2.1        2.0       1.7       1.0      1.9
   Southwest ................             2.0          .3        2.3        2.1        2.4    1.8        2.0      1.5         3.8        1.2        2.5       1.8       1.6      1.8
   Rocky Mountain ...........             1.1        -9.9      ---/2      ---/2      ---/2    1.1        1.5    ---/2         3.1        1.3        2.1        .8     ---/2      1.6
   Far West .................             1.8        -2.6        3.0        2.0        1.7    1.5        2.1      1.2         3.3        1.7        2.0       1.8       1.4      1.5
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   1. Earnings by place of work is the sum of wage and salary disbursements (payrolls), supplements to wages and salaries, and proprietors' income.
   2. Data are suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information.
   Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

                                                Table 4. Contributions to Percent Change in Earnings, by State and Region, 2003:IV-2004:I
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                Percent change
                                  -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                    Earnings by industry
                                             ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                               Nondur-                                          Pro-
                                  Earnings   Natural                Durable    able              Transpor-                      fessional  Education  Leisure
                                  by place   resources   Con-       goods      goods      Trade  tation     Infor-  Financial   and        and        and hos-  Other     Govern-
                                  of work/1  and mining  struction  manu-      manu-             and        mation  activities  business   health     pitality  services  ment
                                                                    facturing  facturing         utilities                      services   services
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 United States ..............           1.6       -0.12       0.13       0.17       0.08   0.19       0.08    0.05        0.29       0.23       0.21      0.07      0.03     0.25
   New England
     Connecticut ............           1.7         .00        .05        .18        .02    .22       -.02     .05         .54        .26        .21       .04       .05      .10
     Maine ..................           1.5        -.07        .17        .07       -.09    .24        .04     .03         .20        .05        .28       .07       .03      .46
     Massachusetts ..........           1.5        -.01        .21        .21        .08    .07        .03    -.01         .45        .08        .19       .04       .04      .08
     New Hampshire ..........           1.5         .02        .04        .16       -.05    .30        .07     .01         .29        .21        .33       .02      -.01      .07
     Rhode Island ...........           1.8       ---/2      ---/2        .17        .14    .22        .09     .05         .20       -.22        .37       .10       .07      .25
     Vermont ................           1.1        -.19        .21        .22        .11    .14        .07   ---/2         .17       -.30        .31       .14     ---/2      .15
   Mideast
     Delaware ...............           2.2         .14        .10        .26        .11    .22        .06     .02         .30        .55        .34      -.08       .06      .09
     District of Columbia ...           2.4       ---/2        .08      ---/2      ---/2    .03        .01     .08         .08        .59        .27       .08      -.03     1.21
     Maryland ...............           1.6         .02        .12        .09        .06    .19        .01     .03         .12        .25        .31      -.02       .04      .34
     New Jersey .............           1.9         .00        .10        .08        .13    .11        .07     .01         .47        .40        .21       .04       .02      .23
     New York ...............           1.4         .00        .03        .12        .02    .16        .05     .13         .00        .35        .28       .07       .03      .17
     Pennsylvania ...........           1.4        -.06        .08        .15        .05    .15        .04     .03         .28        .18        .21       .08       .05      .15
   Great Lakes
     Illinois ...............           1.1        -.23        .03        .21        .12    .12        .09     .03         .34        .00        .18       .04       .02      .14
     Indiana ................           1.0        -.11        .32       -.60        .16    .29        .11     .03         .25        .05        .22       .09       .04      .13
     Michigan ...............           1.2        -.08       -.02        .37        .02    .12        .09    -.01         .21        .28        .03       .08       .02      .06
     Ohio ...................           1.7        -.27        .11        .42        .12    .15        .07     .01         .27        .33        .19       .09       .03      .14
     Wisconsin ..............           2.3        -.18        .36        .51        .24    .33        .10     .03         .31        .10        .29       .08       .02      .13
   Plains
     Iowa ...................           1.5        -.23        .24        .35        .03    .22        .03     .05         .37       -.03        .19       .09       .04      .14
     Kansas .................            .2       -1.64        .02        .25        .14    .18        .09     .17         .29        .04        .21       .08       .06      .36
     Minnesota ..............           1.7        -.22        .10        .40        .10    .30        .09     .03         .31        .18        .28       .05       .00      .11
     Missouri ...............           1.7        -.22        .18        .25        .08    .13        .12     .08         .29        .16        .23       .13       .05      .25
     Nebraska ...............           -.9       -2.32        .12        .20        .05    .26        .13     .03         .22        .11        .11       .05      -.02      .19
     North Dakota ...........          -1.9       -3.63        .20        .16        .09    .16        .11     .06         .18        .14        .22       .00       .02      .39
     South Dakota ...........          -2.9       -4.80        .09        .23        .12    .20        .08    -.02         .31        .13        .26       .05      -.02      .41
   Southeast
     Alabama ................           1.8        -.09        .29        .41        .10    .29        .09     .00         .17        .05        .24       .06       .00      .23
     Arkansas ...............           2.5         .82        .09        .14        .18    .14        .16     .05         .17        .18        .24       .05       .04      .26
     Florida ................           1.7        -.05        .08        .09        .03    .18        .03     .03         .32        .29        .22       .11       .07      .28
     Georgia ................           2.0        -.19        .11        .14        .23    .19        .19     .18         .32        .39        .15       .03      -.02      .32
     Kentucky ...............           1.5        -.43        .28        .41        .11    .24        .13    -.01         .21        .11        .14       .08       .03      .19
     Louisiana ..............           1.5         .17        .11       -.07        .11    .22        .12     .04         .20        .13        .23       .06       .02      .20
     Mississippi ............           1.9         .76       -.14        .05       -.01    .21        .04     .01         .18        .01        .31       .04      -.03      .45
     North Carolina .........           1.3        -.35        .21        .18        .00    .26        .01     .02         .25        .27        .16      -.02       .00      .27
     South Carolina .........           1.7         .05        .08        .21       -.06    .26        .08     .01         .32        .07        .15       .12       .04      .35
     Tennessee ..............           2.0        -.15        .09        .28        .14    .18        .13     .01         .26        .31        .31       .11       .01      .34
     Virginia ...............           2.9        -.06        .25        .11        .06    .33        .02     .04         .33        .67        .24       .09       .09      .76
     West Virginia ..........           2.0         .21        .18        .22        .06    .18        .14     .03         .14        .15        .21       .07       .04      .36
   Southwest
     Arizona ................           2.1        -.26        .38        .26        .02    .22        .08     .00         .44        .24        .31       .08       .03      .32
     New Mexico .............            .9        -.67        .17       -.20        .04    .14        .07     .01         .21        .23        .23       .07       .05      .53
     Oklahoma ...............           1.8        -.11        .07        .17        .19    .14        .12     .06         .26        .16        .21       .01       .03      .50
     Texas ..................           2.1         .13        .12        .15        .12    .25        .12     .06         .38        .14        .22       .06       .05      .26
   Rocky Mountain
     Colorado ...............           1.2        -.01       -.08        .14        .01    .10        .03     .05         .33        .18        .17       .03       .04      .22
     Idaho ..................           1.1       -1.43        .32        .19        .08    .32        .09     .03         .21        .38        .26       .06       .01      .62
     Montana ................            .7       -1.00        .29        .17        .02    .22        .11     .08         .28        .07        .20       .08       .07      .12
     Utah ...................           1.8        -.04        .27        .15        .08    .09        .10     .06         .25        .26        .21       .01       .08      .28
     Wyoming ................          -1.7       -2.83      ---/2      ---/2      ---/2    .19        .15   ---/2         .25       -.27        .10       .04     ---/2      .53
   Far West
     Alaska .................           2.6         .34        .25      ---/2      ---/2    .25        .13     .05         .18        .06        .24       .09       .03      .92
     California .............           1.8        -.06        .19        .22        .06    .16        .07     .07         .35        .32        .17       .08       .03      .19
     Hawaii .................           2.3        -.02        .23      ---/2      ---/2    .10        .02     .02         .24        .10        .24       .17       .01     1.16
     Nevada .................           2.4        -.16        .53        .17        .05    .26        .15     .04         .35        .14        .21       .32       .06      .28
     Oregon .................           1.2        -.22        .20       -.36        .02    .20        .11     .05         .17        .19        .31       .06       .13      .31
     Washington .............           1.7         .03        .18        .14        .03    .21        .11     .01         .30        .10        .16       .02       .07      .34
 BEA regions
   New England ..............           1.5       ---/2      ---/2        .19        .05    .15        .02   ---/2         .42        .11        .23       .05     ---/2      .12
   Mideast ..................           1.6       ---/2        .07      ---/2      ---/2    .15        .05     .07         .17        .32        .26       .06       .03      .24
   Great Lakes ..............           1.4        -.19        .11        .23        .12    .17        .09     .02         .28        .15        .17       .07       .03      .12
   Plains ...................           1.0        -.88        .14        .30        .09    .21        .09     .06         .30        .12        .23       .08       .02      .22
   Southeast ................           1.9        -.06        .14        .16        .08    .23        .08     .04         .27        .29        .21       .07       .03      .35
   Southwest ................           2.0         .01        .16        .16        .11    .23        .11     .05         .37        .16        .23       .06       .05      .30
   Rocky Mountain ...........           1.1        -.40      ---/2      ---/2      ---/2    .13        .06   ---/2         .29        .19        .19       .03     ---/2      .29
   Far West .................           1.8        -.06        .20        .16        .05    .17        .08     .06         .33        .27        .18       .09       .04      .26
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   1. Earnings by place of work is the sum of wage and salary disbursements (payrolls), supplements to wages and salaries, and proprietors' income.
   2. Data are suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information.
   Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis