Home > News Release: State Personal Income 2007
EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 8:30 A.M. ET, Wednesday, March 26, 2008
BEA 08–11
State Personal Income 2007

WASHINGTON DC, March 26, 2008 - U.S. personal income grew 6.2 percent in 2007, down from 6.7 percent in 2006, according to preliminary estimates released today by the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. On average, personal income has grown 6.2 percent for the last four years. Inflation, as measured by the national price index for personal consumption expenditures, slowed to 2.6 percent in 2007 down from 2.9 percent in 2006.

Map of US

Regional growth rates converged in 2007 with slowdowns in the regions that had grown fastest in 2006 and accelerations in the New England and Plains regions which had below average growth in 2006. For the fourth consecutive year, the Southwest region enjoyed the fastest growth of the eight BEA regions (7.5 percent, down from 8.5 percent) and the Great Lakes region saw the slowest growth (4.8 percent in both years). The contrast between the two regions reflects a mining boom in the Southwest with ripple effects on other industries versus general sluggishness across most industries in the Great Lakes.

Nationally, professional services, health care, state and local government, and finance contributed the most to personal income growth in both 2006 and 2007. The construction industry contributed almost nothing in 2007 after contributing nearly a half percentage point to growth in each year from 2004 to 2006. Real estate earnings declined 2.0 percent in 2007, the only industry to register a decline nationally. But because real estate is relatively small, it reduced personal income growth by less than one-tenth of a percentage point.

Louisiana grew 10.5 percent in 2007, down from 20.6 percent in 2006. These growth rates are substantially higher than any other state's. The rental income component of Louisiana's personal income was boosted in 2007 by $5.4 billion of Road Home subsidies from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). The subsidies are to persons whose homes had been destroyed or damaged by Hurricane Katrina. Mississippi, whose Homeowners' Assistance Program was funded $1.5 billion by HUD, grew 7.4 percent in 2007 up from 6.0 percent in 2006.

Per capita income. U.S. per capita income grew 5.2 percent in 2007, down from 5.6 percent in 2006, but equal to the average of the last four years (2004-07). Louisiana's per capita income was up 9.2 percent or $2,935. Much of the gain in Louisiana is accounted for by the Road Home subsidies which averaged nearly $1,250 per Louisiana resident. In Mississippi, housing subsidies added $530 to per capita income.

States with the highest and lowest per capita income growth rates 2006-2007
Rank State Growth rate Rank State Growth rate
1 Louisiana 9.2 41 Idaho 4.3
2 New York 7.6 42 Georgia 4.2
3 Mississippi 6.7 43 South Carolina 4.2
4 Connecticut 6.6 44 Indiana 4.1
5 North Dakota 6.4 45 Colorado 3.9
6 Wyoming 6.3 46 Michigan 3.8
7 Utah 6.1 47 Nevada 3.8
8 Massachusetts 6.0 48 Delaware 3.8
9 Iowa 6.0 49 Tennessee 3.4
10 Hawaii 6.0 50 Arizona 3.4
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

Connecticut led the nation with a per capita income of $54,117, a level 40 percent above the national average. Mississippi had the lowest per capita income of all states, $28,845, an amount 25 percent below the national average. The top ten and bottom ten states are the same in both 2006 and 2007.

States with the highest per capita income, 2007
  Per capita personal income (dollars) Rank in the U.S. Percent of the U.S. average Percent change 2006-2007 Rank of percent change
2006r 2007p 2006r 2007p 2006r 2007p
United States 36,714 38,611 -- -- 100 100 5.2 --
Connecticut 50,762 54,117  1 1 138.3 140.2 6.2 4
New Jersey 46,763 49,194  2 2 127.4 127.4 4.9 23
Massachusetts 46,299 49,082  3 3 126.1 127.1 5.7 8
New York 44,027 47,385  4 4 119.9 122.7 7.1 2
Maryland 43,788 46,021  5 5 119.3 119.2 4.9 27
Wyoming 40,655 43,226  6 6 110.7 112 5.9 6
California 39,626 41,571  8 7 107.9 107.7 4.7 30
New Hampshire 39,753 41,512  7 8 108.3 107.5 4.2 40
Virginia 39,540 41,347  9 9 107.7 107.1 4.4 38
Colorado 39,491 41,042  10 10 107.6 106.3 3.8 46
r Revised
p Preliminary
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
States with the lowest per capita income, 2007
  Per capita personal income (dollars) Rank in the U.S. Percent of the U.S. average Percent change 2006-2007 Rank of percent change
2006r 2007p 2006r 2007p 2006r 2007p
United States 36,714 38,611 -- -- 100 100 5.2 --
Montana 30,790 32,458 42 41 83.9 84.1 5.1 21
Alabama 30,894 32,404 41 42 84.1 83.9 4.7 31
New Mexico 29,929 31,474 43 43 81.5 81.5 4.9 25
Idaho 29,920 31,197 44 44 81.5 80.8 4.1 42
Utah 29,406 31,189 47 45 80.1 80.8 5.7 7
Kentucky 29,729 31,111 46 46 81.0 80.6 4.4 37
South Carolina 29,767 31,013 45 47 81.1 80.3 4 44
Arkansas 28,473 30,060 48 48 77.6 77.9 5.3 19
West Virginia 28,206 29,537 49 49 76.8 76.5 4.5 34
Mississippi 27,028 28,845 50 50 73.6 74.7 6.3 3
r Revised
p Preliminary
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

Fourth quarter personal income.1 U.S. personal income grew 1.0 percent in the fourth quarter of 2007 keeping pace with the quarter's 1.0 percent rise in the price index for personal consumption expenditures. The absence of real personal income growth in the fourth quarter contrasts with the third quarter when personal income growth outpaced price increases by 0.9 percentage point and matches the lack of real growth in the second quarter.

State personal income growth rates in 2007Q4 ranged from 1.4 percent in South Dakota to 0.6 percent in Tennessee, an unusually tight spread of less than one percentage point. Personal income growth was less than the 1.0 percent national inflation rate in 17 states and greater than 1.0 percent in 19 states in the fourth quarter.

NOTE.–Quarterly estimates are expressed at seasonally adjusted annual rates, unless otherwise specified. Quarter–to–quarter dollar changes are differences between published estimates. Quarter–to–quarter percent changes are calculated from unrounded data and are not annualized.

Definitions

Personal income is the income received by all persons from all sources. Personal income is the sum of net earnings by place of residence, rental income of persons, personal dividend income, personal interest income, and personal current transfer receipts. Net earnings is earnings by place of work (the sum of wage and salary disbursements (payrolls), supplements to wages and salaries, and proprietors' income) less contributions for government social insurance, plus an adjustment to convert earnings by place of work to a place–of–residence basis. Personal income is measured before the deduction of personal income taxes and other personal taxes and is reported in current dollars (no adjustment is made for price changes).

The estimate of personal income in the United States is derived as the sum of the state estimates; it differs from the estimate of personal income in the national income and product accounts (NIPAs) because of differences in coverage, in the methodologies used to prepare the estimates, and in the timing of the availability of source data.

BEA groups all 50 states and the District of Columbia into eight distinct regions for purposes of data collecting and analyses: New England (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont); Mideast (Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania); Great Lakes (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin); Plains (Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota); Southeast (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia); Southwest (Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas); Rocky Mountain (Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Utah, and Wyoming); and Far West (Alaska, California, Hawaii, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington).

BEA's national, international, regional, and industry estimates; the Survey of Current Business; and BEA news releases are available without charge on BEA's Web site at www.bea.gov. By visiting the site, you can also subscribe to receive free e–mail summaries of BEA releases and announcements.

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Next state personal income release – June 19, 2008, at 8:30 A.M. ET for state personal income, first quarter 2008.