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General Notes to Tables

  • Detail may not add to totals. See the Appendix for an explanation.
  • A "foreign-owned establishment" is an establishment that is owned by a U.S. affiliate of a foreign company. A U.S. affiliate is a U.S. business enterprise that is owned 10 percent or more, directly or indirectly, by a foreign person.
  • For tables that do not show every industry or country, individual industries or countries included in an industry or country group shown in the heading or stub may be ascertained by referring to table A1.1 (for nonmanufacturing industries) and table M1.1 (for manufacturing industries) or tables A1.7 or M1.7 (for countries).
  • In tables that show data by industry, "industry" refers to the industry of the establishment.
  • In tables that show country-by-industry, industry-by-country, State-by-industry, or State-by-country cross-tabulations of data on payroll or on value of shipments or sales, amounts are shown in millions of dollars because of space limitations. In all other tables that show these items (and all other items measured in dollars), amounts are shown in thousands of dollars.
  • In the Part A tables, totals shown for shipments or sales exclude data for agricultural services, forestry, and fishing because such data are not available from the Economic Censuses or from Country Business Patterns.
  • The European Communities (12) comprises Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom.
  • OPEC is the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. Through 1992, its members were Algeria, Ecuador, Gabon, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela.
  • A UBO, or ultimate beneficial owner, is the person that ultimately owns or controls, and therefore ultimately derives the benefits from owning or controlling, a U.S. affiliate. More specifically, a UBO is that person, proceeding up a U.S. affiliate's ownership chain, beginning with and including the foreign parent, that is not owned more than 50 percent by another person. A "foreign parent" is the first person outside the United States in a U.S. affiliate's ownership chain that has a direct investment interest in the affiliate. Note that a UBO, unlike a foreign parent, may be a U.S. person. A U.S. affiliate (and its establishments) must, by definition, have a foreign parent (that is, a foreign person must own at least 10 percent of it), even though the UBO may be a U.S. person. (For example, if a British company directly owns a U.S. affiliate but itself is owned by a U.S. company, the affiliate's foreign parent would be a British person, but its UBO would be a U.S. person.)
  • "SIC code" is the industry code used in the 1987 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual.
  • In tables that show employment of foreign-owned establishments, cells that have been suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies contain a letter representing the employment size range. (Size ranges are given at the bottom of the appropriate tables.) Cells for all other items that have been suppressed contain a "(D)."
  • In tables that show inventories or gross book value of depreciable assets, the values shown are for the end of 1992 unless otherwise noted.
  • Footnotes follow table M3.21.
Abbreviations and Symbols
D Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies
kWh Kilowatt-hours
n.a. Not available
nec Not elsewhere classified
OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
SIC Standard Industrial Classification
UBO Ultimate beneficial owner