Table 2.—Real Gross Domestic Product: Levels, Percent Change from Preceding Period, and Revision to Percent Change

Year Billions of chained (1996) dollars Percent change from preceding period Revision to percent change from Preceding period/2/
Gross
domestic
product
Personal
consumption
expenditures
Gross
private
domestic
investment
Exports of goods and
services
Imports of goods and
services
Government/1/ Residual Gross
domestic
product
Personal
consumption
expenditures
Gross
private
domestic
investment
Exports of goods and
services
Imports of goods and
services
Government/1/ Gross
domestic
product
Personal
consumption
expenditures
Gross
private
domestic
investment
Exports of goods and
services
Imports of goods and
services
Government/1/
1929 822.2625.793.635.846.3110.13.3
1930 751.5592.362.529.640.3121.3–13.9–8.6–5.3–33.3–17.3–13.010.2.4.12.0.10–.1
1931 703.6574.339.224.635.1126.6–26.0–6.4–3.0–37.2–16.9–12.84.30.1–.1–.100
1932 611.8523.011.819.329.2122.4–35.5–13.0–8.9–69.8–21.7–17.0–3.3.303.900.1
1933 603.3511.017.519.430.4118.0–32.2–1.4–2.347.5.54.2–3.6–.20–18.6000
1934 668.3546.931.621.531.0133.0–33.710.87.080.611.22.212.8–.2–.1–11.2000
1935 728.3580.658.422.740.7137.0–29.79.06.285.15.531.03.0.1.11.100–.1
1936 822.5639.674.923.940.2158.9–34.612.910.228.25.0–1.216.0–.20–1.900–.1
1937 865.8663.593.630.145.2153.2–29.45.33.725.026.012.5–3.6.1–.1.5000
1938 835.6652.661.929.835.2164.6–38.1–3.5–1.6–33.9–1.0–22.37.5.10.900.2
1939 903.5689.079.631.436.9179.7–39.38.15.628.65.65.09.100–1.000.3
1940 980.7724.9110.935.737.8182.4–35.48.55.239.313.52.41.5–.10–.7000
1941 1,148.8776.7135.436.746.5303.0–56.517.17.222.22.722.966.10.1–1.10–.1.7
1942 1,360.0758.371.624.142.2711.1–162.918.4–2.4–47.2–34.3–9.2134.7–.40.300–5.6
1943 1,583.7779.142.320.153.21,059.9–264.516.52.7–41.0–16.626.149.1.2–.1.9–.10–.1
1944 1,714.1801.752.221.655.71,195.6–301.38.22.923.67.54.612.8.20–1.100.6
1945 1,693.3851.869.030.559.21,041.0–239.8–1.26.332.141.56.3–12.9–.1.1.500–.3
1946 1,505.5956.9175.066.549.1359.7–3.5–11.112.3153.7117.7–17.1–65.5–.10–3.4000
1947 1,495.1976.4168.675.946.6307.113.7–.72.0–3.614.2–5.0–14.6.50.30.12.2
1948 1,560.0998.1215.359.854.4328.912.34.32.227.7–21.316.77.1.10.6–.10.2
1949 1,550.91,025.3164.359.252.5367.3–12.7–.62.7–23.7–1.0–3.511.7.20.7–.10.3
1950 1,686.61,090.9232.551.862.0367.46.08.76.441.5–12.518.20–.20–1.900.3
1951 1,815.11,107.1233.263.564.5500.0–24.27.61.5.322.63.936.100–.200.1
1952 1,887.31,142.4211.160.670.1605.1–61.84.03.2–9.5–4.78.821.0.301.000.2
1953 1,973.91,197.2221.056.576.7647.5–71.64.64.84.7–6.79.47.00–.1.1–.10.1
1954 1,960.51,221.9210.859.372.9602.9–61.5–.72.1–4.64.9–4.9–6.900.100.1
1955 2,099.51,310.4262.165.681.7580.4–37.37.17.224.410.612.1–3.700–.30.1.1
1956 2,141.11,348.8258.676.588.4580.8–35.22.02.9–1.316.68.1.100.200–.2
1957 2,183.91,381.8247.483.192.1606.7–43.02.02.5–4.38.74.24.4.1.1.3000
1958 2,162.81,393.0226.571.896.4626.2–58.3–1.0.8–8.4–13.74.73.200.40–.10
1959 2,319.01,470.7272.972.4106.6661.4–51.87.25.620.5.910.55.6
1960 2,376.71,510.8272.887.5108.0661.3–47.72.52.7020.81.30000000
1961 2,432.01,541.2271.088.9107.3693.2–55.02.32.0–.71.7–.74.8000000
1962 2,578.91,617.3305.393.7119.5735.0–52.96.04.912.75.411.36.0000.100
1963 2,690.41,684.0325.7100.7122.7752.4–49.74.34.16.77.52.72.4000–.100
1964 2,846.51,784.8352.6114.2129.2767.1–43.05.86.08.313.35.32.0000000
1965 3,028.51,897.6402.0116.5142.9791.1–35.86.46.314.02.010.63.1000000
1966 3,227.52,006.1437.3124.3164.2862.1–38.16.65.78.86.714.99.0000000
1967 3,308.32,066.2417.2127.0176.2927.1–53.02.53.0–4.62.27.37.5000000
1968 3,466.12,184.2441.3136.3202.4956.6–49.94.85.75.87.314.93.2000000
1969 3,571.42,264.8466.9143.7213.9952.5–42.63.03.75.85.45.7–.4–.1–.10–.10–.1
1970 3,578.02,317.5436.2159.3223.1931.1–43.0.22.3–6.610.84.3–2.3000000
1971 3,697.72,405.2485.8160.4235.0913.8–32.53.33.811.4.75.3–1.9.2.30.20.1
1972 3,898.42,550.5543.0173.5261.3914.9–22.25.46.011.88.111.2.1.1.10.10.1
1973 4,123.42,675.9606.5211.4273.4908.3–5.35.84.911.721.94.6–.7.1.10.10.1
1974 4,099.02,653.7561.7231.6267.2924.8–5.6–.6–.8–7.49.5–2.31.8–.3–.40–.30–.3
1975 4,084.42,710.9462.2230.0237.5942.5–23.7–.42.2–17.7–.7–11.11.9–.1–.10–.10–.1
1976 4,311.72,868.9555.5243.6284.0943.3–15.65.65.820.25.919.6.1.4.40.30.2
1977 4,511.82,992.1639.4249.7315.0952.7–7.14.64.315.12.510.91.0.1.10.10.1
1978 4,760.63,124.7713.0275.9342.3982.27.15.54.411.510.58.73.1–.2–.30–.10–.1
1979 4,912.13,203.2735.4302.4347.91,001.117.93.22.53.19.61.71.9–.2–.30–.20–.1
1980 4,900.93,193.0655.3334.8324.81,020.921.7–.2–.3–10.910.7–6.62.0–.2–.30–.20–.1
1981 5,021.03,236.0715.6338.6333.41,030.034.22.51.39.21.12.6.90–.10–.100
1982 4,919.33,275.5615.2314.6329.21,046.0–2.8–2.01.2–14.0–7.1–1.31.5–.1–.20–.10–.1
1983 5,132.33,454.3673.7306.9370.71,081.0–12.94.35.59.5–2.412.63.3.1.20.200
1984 5,505.23,640.6871.5332.6461.01,118.43.17.35.429.38.424.33.5000000
1985 5,717.13,820.9863.4341.6490.71,190.5–8.63.85.0–.92.76.56.5–.100–.100
1986 5,912.43,981.2857.7366.8531.91,255.2–16.63.44.2–.77.48.45.4000000
1987 6,113.34,113.4879.3408.0564.21,292.5–15.73.43.32.511.26.13.0–.1–.20–.200
1988 6,368.44,279.5902.8473.5585.61,307.5–9.34.24.02.716.13.81.20–.10000
1989 6,591.84,393.7936.5529.4608.81,343.5–2.53.52.73.711.83.92.80.10.10.1
1990 6,707.94,474.5907.3575.7632.21,387.3–4.71.81.8–3.18.73.83.3.100000
1991 6,676.44,466.6829.5613.2629.01,403.4–7.3–.5–.2–8.66.5–.51.2–.3–.30–.300
1992 6,880.04,594.5899.8651.0670.81,410.0–4.53.02.98.56.26.6.5–.3–.30–.20–.1
1993 7,062.64,748.9977.9672.7731.81,398.8–3.92.73.48.73.39.1–.8.3.40.30.1
1994 7,347.74,928.11,107.0732.8819.41,400.1–.94.03.813.28.912.0.1000000
1995 7,543.85,075.61,140.6808.2886.61,406.4–.42.73.03.010.38.2.5000000
1996 7,813.25,237.51,242.7874.2963.11,421.903.63.29.08.28.61.1–.1–.10–.100
1997 8,144.85,417.31,385.8983.11,095.21,453.7.14.23.411.512.513.72.2–.3–.30–.20–.1
1998 8,495.75,681.81,547.41,004.61,222.21,478.85.34.34.911.72.211.61.7000000

1. Government consumption expenditures and gross investment.

2. Revised percent change less the previously published percent change.

NOTE.—Users are cautioned that particularly for components for which relative prices are changing rapidly, the use of chained-dollar estimates to calculate component shares or component contributions to real growth may be misleading, even just a few years from the base year. For accurate estimates of the contributions to percent changes in real GDP, use NIPA table 8.2.

DCSIMG