Table 2.2.—Domestically Funded Research and Development Expenditures by Source of Funds, Showing Performer

[Millions of dollars]

1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992
Domestically funded research and development expenditures, total13,78820,37526,81338,31268,658119,316132,922141,607150,382161,659172,314179,573
Private expenditures/1/4,693 6,83110,99118,31536,04564,18470,62777,39585,39394,940105,672112,840
From industry4,5526,57510,58117,67235,01562,44768,53675,03982,72791,978102,420109,356
To industry4,4656,47310,42515,97531,29357,83962,03367,32274,29382,44491,32197,296
To State and local universities and colleges23233773157372507570663752811874
To private universities and colleges16172747102230303335370400424453
To other private nonprofit institutions/2/486292123198356467517587655717752
To foreign affiliatesn.a.n.a.n.a.1,4543,2653,6505,2266,2956,8147,7279,1479,981
From private universities and colleges17376383173297374414464523591631
To private universities and colleges17376383173297374414464523591631
From other1242193475608571,4401,7171,9422,2022,4392,6612,853
To State and local universities and colleges194485140249440513581657729803871
To private universities and colleges345185138172261342392447498534563
To other private nonprofit institutions661201572493746357768821,0011,1071,2071,295
To State and local governments224101512131317181920
To FFRDC's32162347927374808798104
Government expenditures9,09513,54415,82219,99732,61355,13262,29564,21264,98966,71966,64266,733
From Federal8,93013,25815,29519,08831,02252,43558,74660,29460,67161,97861,54261,463
To industry6,1377,4067,4208,11413,15525,74828,76628,15326,27325,69023,89822,105
To Federal Government1,7463,1494,1705,6168,09812,51313,33414,00514,81815,54215,85616,340
To State and local governments263882131157175140192234245255267
To State and local universities and colleges1675458931,4052,4753,5174,2424,7525,2305,6666,1296,707
To private universities and colleges2615587881,0301,8032,5373,0933,3833,6353,8824,0834,386
To FFRDC's4331,1951,4732,0414,0646,1457,2417,6967,9828,3368,5698,622
To other private nonprofit institutions1073354216871,0621,5691,6241,6811,8492,1332,4032,752
To foreign53324864208231306432650484349284
From State and local/3/1652865279091,5912,6973,5493,9184,3184,7415,1005,270
To industry441335597699115113112109107
To State and local governments264790156274426557611615646672704
To State and local universities and colleges1262223966691,1952,1032,7583,0343,4233,8114,1434,288
To private universities and colleges71124354673100115128137141136
To other private nonprofit institutions224141719354339353535
Addenda:
Total domestic performers13,73520,34326,76536,79465,185115,435127,390134,880142,918153,448162,818169,308
Total foreign performers5332481,5183,4733,8815,5326,7277,4648,2119,49610,265
Final expenditures9,18313,76816,18420,57633,43556,63864,08066,13667,00569,19769,54569,933
Intermediate expenditures4,5526,57510,58116,21831,75058,79763,31068,74475,91384,25193,27399,375
Gross domestic product513,400702,7001,010,7001,585,9002,708,0004,038,7004,539,9004,900,4005,250,8005,546,1005,724,8006,020,200
Final expenditures as a percent of gross domestic product1.791.961.601.301.231.401.411.351.281.251.211.16
Intermediate expenditures as a percent of gross domestic product0.890.941.051.021.171.461.391.401.451.521.631.65

n.a. Not available.

1. Includes funds from the rest of world.

2. Nonprofit institutions are divided into four subgroups: Private universities and colleges, FFRDC's administered by universities and colleges, FFRDC's administered by nonprofit institutions, and other nonprofit institutions.

3. Includes State and local universities and colleges.

NOTE.—This table shows R&D expenditures and the breakdown of expenditures by private organizations and government organizations. Within the "private" and "government" categories, lines preceded by the word "from" are "sources." Within "source" categories, lines preceded by the word "to" are "performers."

FFRDC Federally funded research and development center

Table 2.1

Table 2.3

Table 2.4