Table 3.2.—Industry Expenditures on Research and Development Performed Outside the United States by U.S. Companies and Their Foreign Subsidiaries

[Millions of dollars]

1974 1975 1980 1985 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992
Total 1,3001,4543,2653,6505,2266,2956,8147,7279,1479,981
Manufacturing industries1,2971,4503,2583,6325,1626,2006,7067,6138,3699,121
Food and kindred products27235475372741406668
Chemicals and allied products2082696038431,2431,5011,5041,9902,4012,683
Petroleum refining and extraction(/1/)(/1/)1414747584571107119
Stone, clay, and glass products7721(/D/)(/D/)(/D/)(/D/)2633841
Primary metal industries3911(/D/)182426302020
Fabricated metal products(/1/) (/1/)332140(/D/)46658698
Industrial machinery and equipment2583315996891,2331,3641,5151,5801,4761,450
Electronic and other electric equipment238 245451591432669574671651554
Transportation equipment4064121,0201,025(/D/)1,801(/D/)2,1532,402(/D/)
Instruments and related products3949186169317393449563656700
Other manufacturing industries111105139125138145179187467(/D/)
Nonmanufacturing industries 347186495108114778860

1. Estimates included in "other manufacturing industries" for these years.

D Data are suppressed in order to avoid the disclosure of confidential information; estimates are included in totals.

NOTE.—Data on research and development performed outside the United States are not available prior to 1974.