Table 4.2.—Industry Research and Development Expenditures by Performing Industry in Constant Dollars

[Millions of 1987 dollars]

1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992
Industry research and development expenditures, total/1/40,48947,94249,10147,13461,36489,55093,24995,25295,95999,392103,045103,405
Manufacturing industries39,81446,58147,08645,61458,69682,42785,29284,90982,68380,32777,76277,602
Food and kindred products4295616597009081,1761,1971,1311,1591,1231,1151,186
Chemicals and allied products3,8494,7034,9715,5076,5329,2129,75810,88611,38011,99812,78414,087
Petroleum refining and extraction/2/1,2471,4491,4731,4212,2402,3751,9421,9912,0782,1112,2201,928
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products4965787929689537466358271,0021,3541,2311,290
Stone, clay, and glass products3624054834875908851,014699593507418429
Primary metal industries670718763867991830738631656686644487
Fabricated metal products555489567643763874791871863869878926
Industrial machinery and equipment3,5303,4334,4515,9187,79113,01611,98013,09813,32012,71212,83412,881
Electronic and other electric equipment9,480 10,39911,0779,65812,44415,47016,02513,80412,37111,90111,71111,507
Transportation equipment17,01821,70918,62915,85919,59231,02834,48133,95031,81828,48024,09922,404
Aircraft and missiles13,29817,22113,90110,79612,29623,42424,60923,62621,01218,69714,54713,514
Other transportation equipment3,7204,4884,7285,0637,2967,6049,87210,32410,8069,7839,5528,890
Instruments and related products1,2641,3572,0172,3074,2485,3925,3145,4885,7786,5847,8098,417
Other manufacturing industries9147801,2041,2791,6441,4231,4171,5331,6652,0022,0192,060
Nonmanufacturing industries6751,3612,0151,5202,6687,1237,95710,34313,27619,06525,28325,803

1. Includes research and development expenditures by FFRDC's administered by industry.

2. Petroleum refining and extraction includes oil and gas extraction, normally included under mining.

FFRDC Federally funded research and development center