Table B.—Selected Summary Measures

1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992
Current-dollar measures
R&D performed (percent of expenditures):
Industry 77.268.266.765.668.372.571.470.970.470.570.870.6
Federal Government12.715.415.615.312.410.810.510.410.410.19.79.7
Universities and colleges4.97.49.09.89.88.59.610.110.510.710.811.2
Other 5.29.08.79.39.58.28.58.68.78.78.78.5
R&D funded (percent of expenditures):
Industry 33.132.339.544.148.750.949.751.053.154.957.358.7
Federal Government64.665.057.351.747.345.245.944.442.040.137.636.1
Universities and colleges.5.6.91.21.41.51.71.81.92.02.12.1
Other 1.82.12.33.02.62.42.72.83.03.03.03.1
R&D by type (percent of expenditures):
Basic 8.912.513.213.313.312.414.214.015.216.117.417.3
Applied 21.621.322.022.721.922.422.322.323.023.524.523.8
Development 69.566.264.863.964.765.263.563.661.860.458.158.9
R&D funding as a percent of GDP:
Government and nonprofit institutions1.82.01.61.31.21.41.41.31.31.21.21.2
Industry .9.91.01.01.21.51.41.41.41.51.61.7
Constant-cost measures
R&D net fixed intangible capital as a percent of government and business net fixed reproducible tangible capital/1/5.87.58.48.07.47.78.08.18.28.48.58.7
Average age, in years, of R&D gross fixed intangible capital6.56.67.28.38.98.88.58.48.48.38.28.2
Private 5.96.37.18.39.08.78.48.38.28.18.18.1
Government 7.97.77.48.18.89.19.19.09.08.98.88.8
Indexes, 1960=100
R&D expenditures (constant dollars)100132136131161219229234237245252254
R&D net fixed intangible capital (constant cost)100155209233247287313327340352365378

1. Business fixed reproducible tangible capital includes capital owned by nonprofit institutions.

R&D Research and development