EMBARGOED UNTIL RELEASE AT 8:30 A.M. EDT, FRIDAY, APRIL 27, 2012
BEA 12-17


* See the navigation bar at the right side of the news release text for links to data tables,
contact personnel and their telephone numbers, and supplementary materials.


Lisa S. Mataloni: (202) 606-5304 (GDP) gdpniwd@bea.gov
Recorded message: (202) 606-5306    
Ralph Stewart: (202) 606-2649 (News Media)  
Jeannine Aversa: (202) 606-2649 (News Media)  
National Income and Product Accounts
Gross Domestic Product, 1st quarter 2012 (advance estimate)
Real gross domestic product -- the output of goods and services produced by labor and property
located in the United States -- increased at an annual rate of 2.2 percent in the first quarter of 2012 (that
is, from the fourth quarter to the first quarter), according to the "advance" estimate released by the
Bureau of Economic Analysis.  In the fourth quarter of 2011, real GDP increased 3.0 percent.

      The Bureau emphasized that the first-quarter advance estimate released today is based on source
data that are incomplete or subject to further revision by the source agency (see the box on page 3).  The
"second" estimate for the first quarter, based on more complete data, will be released on May 31, 2012.

      The increase in real GDP in the first quarter primarily reflected positive contributions from
personal consumption expenditures (PCE), exports, private inventory investment, and residential fixed
investment that were partly offset by negative contributions from federal government spending,
nonresidential fixed investment, and state and local government spending.  Imports, which are a
subtraction in the calculation of GDP, increased.

      The deceleration in real GDP in the first quarter primarily reflected a deceleration in private
inventory investment and a downturn in nonresidential fixed investment that were partly offset by
accelerations in PCE and in exports.
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BOX.
     Annual Revision of the National Income and Product Accounts

      The annual revision of the national income and product accounts (NIPAs), covering the first
quarter of 2009 through the first quarter of 2012, will be released along with the "advance" estimate of
GDP for the second quarter of 2012 on July 27, 2012.  The August Survey of Current Business will
contain an article that describes the annual revision in detail.
___________________

FOOTNOTE.  Quarterly estimates are expressed at seasonally adjusted annual rates, unless otherwise
specified.  Quarter-to-quarter dollar changes are differences between these published estimates.  Percent
changes are calculated from unrounded data and are annualized.  "Real" estimates are in chained (2005)
dollars.  Price indexes are chain-type measures.

      This news release is available on BEA’s Web site along with the Technical Note and Highlights related to this release.
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      Motor vehicle output added 1.12 percentage points to the first-quarter change in real GDP after
adding 0.47 percentage point to the fourth-quarter change.  Final sales of computers added 0.05
percentage point to the first-quarter change in real GDP after adding 0.12 percentage point to the fourth-
quarter change.

      The price index for gross domestic purchases, which measures prices paid by U.S. residents,
increased 2.4 percent in the first quarter, compared with an increase of 1.1 percent in the fourth.
Excluding food and energy prices, the price index for gross domestic purchases increased 2.2 percent in
the first quarter, compared with an increase of 1.2 percent in the fourth.

      Real personal consumption expenditures increased 2.9 percent in the first quarter, compared with
an increase of 2.1 percent in the fourth.  Durable goods increased 15.3 percent, compared with an
increase of 16.1 percent.  Nondurable goods increased 2.1 percent, compared with an increase of 0.8
percent.  Services increased 1.2 percent, compared with an increase of 0.4 percent.

      Real nonresidential fixed investment decreased 2.1 percent in the first quarter, in contrast to an
increase of 5.2 percent in the fourth.  Nonresidential structures decreased 12.0 percent, compared with a
decrease of 0.9 percent.  Equipment and software increased 1.7 percent, compared with an increase of
7.5 percent.  Real residential fixed investment increased 19.1 percent, compared with an increase of 11.6
percent.

      Real exports of goods and services increased 5.4 percent in the first quarter, compared with an
increase of 2.7 percent in the fourth.  Real imports of goods and services increased 4.3 percent,
compared with an increase of 3.7 percent.

      Real federal government consumption expenditures and gross investment decreased 5.6 percent
in the first quarter, compared with a decrease of 6.9 percent in the fourth.  National defense decreased
8.1 percent, compared with a decrease of 12.1 percent.  Nondefense decreased 0.6 percent, in contrast to
an increase of 4.5 percent.  Real state and local government consumption expenditures and gross
investment decreased 1.2 percent, compared with a decrease of 2.2 percent.

      The change in real private inventories added 0.59 percentage point to the first-quarter change in
real GDP after adding 1.81 percentage points to the fourth-quarter change.  Private businesses increased
inventories $69.5 billion in the first quarter, following an increase of $52.2 billion in the fourth quarter
and a decrease of $2.0 billion in the third.

      Real final sales of domestic product -- GDP less change in private inventories -- increased 1.6
percent in the first quarter, compared with an increase of 1.1 percent in the fourth.


Gross domestic purchases

      Real gross domestic purchases -- purchases by U.S. residents of goods and services wherever
produced -- increased 2.1 percent in the first quarter, compared with an increase of 3.1 percent in the
fourth.


Disposition of personal income

      Current-dollar personal income increased $119.6 billion (3.7 percent) in the first quarter,
compared with an increase of $105.3 billion (3.3 percent) in the fourth.

      Personal current taxes increased $38.6 billion in the first quarter, compared with an increase of
$21.1 billion in the fourth.

      Disposable personal income increased $81.0 billion (2.8 percent) in the first quarter, compared
with an increase of $84.2 billion (2.9 percent) in the fourth.  Real disposable personal income increased
0.4 percent, compared with an increase of 1.7 percent.

      Personal outlays increased $145.9 billion (5.3 percent) in the first quarter, compared with an
increase of $86.4 billion (3.1 percent) in the fourth.  Personal saving -- disposable personal income less
personal outlays -- was $466.0 billion in the first quarter, compared with $530.8 billion in the fourth.
The personal saving rate -- saving as a percentage of disposable personal income -- was 3.9 percent in
the first quarter, compared with 4.5 percent in the fourth.  For a comparison of personal saving in BEA’s
national income and product accounts with personal saving in the Federal Reserve Board’s flow of funds
accounts and data on changes in net worth, go to www.bea.gov/national/nipaweb/Nipa-Frb.asp.


Current-dollar GDP

      Current-dollar GDP -- the market value of the nation's output of goods and services -- increased
3.8 percent, or $142.4 billion, in the first quarter to a level of $15,461.8 billion.  In the fourth quarter,
current-dollar GDP also increased 3.8 percent, or $143.3 billion.


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BOX.
     Information on the assumptions used for unavailable source data is provided in a technical note
that is posted with the news release on BEA's Web site.  Within a few days after the release, a detailed
"Key Source Data and Assumptions" file is posted on the Web site.  In the middle of each month, an
analysis of the current quarterly estimate of GDP and related series is made available on the Web site;
click on Survey of Current Business, "GDP and the Economy."
_____________________________

      BEA's national, international, regional, and industry estimates; the Survey of Current Business;
and BEA news releases are available without charge on BEA's Web site at www.bea.gov. By visiting the
site, you can also subscribe to receive free e-mail summaries of BEA releases and announcements.


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                          Next release -- May 31, 2012, at 8:30 A.M. EDT for:
                     Gross Domestic Product:  First Quarter 2012 (Second Estimate)
                     Corporate Profits:  First Quarter 2012 (Preliminary Estimate)