EMBARGOED UNTIL RELEASE AT 8:30 A.M. EDT, Friday, September 30, 2016
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PERSONAL INCOME AND OUTLAYS, AUGUST 2016
Personal income increased $39.3 billion (0.2 percent) in August according to estimates released today by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. Disposable personal income (DPI) increased $31.9 billion (0.2 percent) and personal consumption expenditures (PCE) increased $6.2 billion (less than 0.1 percent). Real DPI increased 0.1 percent in August and Real PCE decreased 0.1 percent. The PCE price index increased 0.1 percent. Excluding food and energy, the PCE price index increased 0.2 percent. 2016 Apr May Jun Jul Aug Percent change from preceding month Personal income: Current dollars 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2 Disposable personal income: Current dollars 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2 Chained (2009) dollars 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.1 Personal consumption expenditures (PCE): Current dollars 1.1 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.0 Chained (2009) dollars 0.7 0.2 0.4 0.3 -0.1 Price indexes: PCE 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.1 PCE, excluding food and energy 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 Price indexes: Percent change from month one year ago PCE 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 1.0 PCE, excluding food and energy 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 The increase in personal income in August primarily reflected increases in compensation of employees, personal income receipts on assets, and government social benefits to persons (table 3). The decrease in real PCE in August primarily reflected a decrease in spending for durable goods that was partially offset by an increase in spending for services (table 7). Personal outlays increased $6.1 billion in August (table 3). Personal saving was $807.6 billion in August and the personal saving rate, personal saving as a percentage of disposable personal income, was 5.7 percent (table 1). Revisions Estimates have been revised for April through July. The percent change from the preceding month for current-dollar personal income, and for current-dollar and chained (2009) dollar DPI and PCE -- revised and as published in last month's release -- are shown below. Change from preceding month June July Previous Revised Previous Revised Previous Revised Previous Revised (Billions of dollars) (Percent) (Billions of dollars) (Percent) Personal income: Current dollars 53.9 54.2 0.3 0.3 71.6 66.1 0.4 0.4 Disposable personal income: Current dollars 46.3 46.3 0.3 0.3 60.1 51.6 0.4 0.4 Chained (2009) dollars 28.0 27.5 0.2 0.2 54.2 42.9 0.4 0.3 Personal consumption expenditures: Current dollars 69.3 66.3 0.5 0.5 42.0 45.3 0.3 0.4 Chained (2009) dollars 50.0 46.9 0.4 0.4 37.8 37.5 0.3 0.3 Next release: October 31, 2016 at 8:30 A.M. EDT Personal Income and Outlays: September 2016 Additional Information Resources Additional Resources available at www.bea.gov: • Stay informed about BEA developments by reading the BEA blog, signing up for BEA’s email subscription service, or following BEA on Twitter @BEA_News. • Historical time series for these estimates can be accessed in BEA’s Interactive Data Application. • Access BEA data by registering for BEA’s Data Application Programming Interface (API). • For more on BEA’s statistics, see our monthly online journal, the Survey of Current Business. • BEA's news release schedule • NIPA Handbook: Concepts and Methods of the U.S. National Income and Product Accounts Definitions Personal income is the income received by, or on behalf of, all persons from all sources: from participation as laborers in production, from owning a home or business, from the ownership of financial assets, and from government and business in the form of transfers. It includes income from domestic sources as well as the rest of world. It does not include realized or unrealized capital gains or losses. Disposable personal income is the income available to persons for spending or saving. It is equal to personal income less personal current taxes. Personal consumption expenditures (PCE) is the value of the goods and services purchased by, or on the behalf of, “persons” who reside in the United States. Personal outlays is the sum of PCE, personal interest payments, and personal current transfer payments. Personal saving is personal income less personal outlays and personal current taxes. The personal saving rate is personal saving as a percentage of disposable personal income. (For a comparison of personal saving in BEA's national income and product accounts with personal saving in the Federal Reserve Board's financial accounts of the United States, go to www.bea.gov/national/nipaweb/nipa-frb.asp.) Current-dollar estimates are valued in the prices of the period when the transactions occurred—that is, at “market value.” Also referred to as “nominal estimates” or as “current-price estimates.” Real values are inflation-adjusted estimates—that is, estimates that exclude the effects of price changes. For more definitions, see the Glossary: National Income and Product Accounts. Statistical conventions Annual rates. Monthly and quarterly values are expressed at seasonally-adjusted annual rates (SAAR). Dollar changes are calculated as the difference between these SAAR values. For detail, see the FAQ “Why does BEA publish estimates at annual rates?” Month-to-month percent changes are calculated from unrounded data and are not annualized. Quarter-to-quarter percent changes are calculated from unrounded data and are displayed at annual rates. For detail, see the FAQ “How is average annual growth calculated?” Quantities and prices. Quantities, or “real” volume measures, and prices are expressed as index numbers with a specified reference year equal to 100 (currently 2009). Quantity and price indexes are calculated using a Fisher-chained weighted formula that incorporates weights from two adjacent periods (quarters for quarterly data and annuals for annual data). “Real” dollar series are calculated by multiplying the published quantity index by the current dollar value in the reference year (2009) and then dividing by 100. Percent changes calculated from real quantity indexes and chained-dollar levels are conceptually the same; any differences are due to rounding. Chained-dollar values are not additive because the relative weights for a given period differ from those of the reference year.