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PERSONAL INCOME AND OUTLAYS, OCTOBER 2017
Personal income increased $65.1 billion (0.4 percent) in October according to estimates released today by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. Disposable personal income (DPI) increased $66.1 billion (0.5 percent) and personal consumption expenditures (PCE) increased $34.4 billion (0.3 percent). Real DPI increased 0.3 percent in October and Real PCE increased 0.1 percent. The PCE price index increased 0.1 percent. Excluding food and energy, the PCE price index increased 0.2 percent. 2017 June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Percent change from preceding month Personal income: Current dollars 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.4 Disposable personal income: Current dollars 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.5 Chained (2009) dollars -0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.3 Personal consumption expenditures (PCE): Current dollars 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.9 0.3 Chained (2009) dollars 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.5 0.1 Price indexes: PCE 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.1 PCE, excluding food and energy 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 Price indexes: Percent change from month one year ago PCE 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.7 1.6 PCE, excluding food and energy 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 The increase in personal income in October primarily reflected increases in wages and salaries and personal interest income (table 3). The $13.1 billion increase in real PCE in October reflected an increase of $11.4 billion in spending for goods and a $2.7 billion increase in spending for services (table 7). Within goods, other nondurable goods, which includes prescription drugs and recreational items, was the leading contributor to the increase. Within services, the largest contributor to the increase was spending for other services, which includes passenger fares for foreign travel and communication services. Detailed information on monthly real PCE spending can be found in Table 2.3.6U. Personal outlays increased $38.7 billion in October (table 3). Personal saving was $457.3 billion in October and the personal saving rate, personal saving as a percentage of disposable personal income, was 3.2 percent (table 1). Updates to Personal Income and Outlays Estimates have been revised for April through September. The percent change from the preceding month for current-dollar personal income, and for current-dollar and chained (2009) dollar DPI and PCE -- revised and as published in last month's release -- are shown below. Change from preceding month August September Previous Revised Previous Revised Previous Revised Previous Revised (Billions of dollars) (Percent) (Billions of dollars) (Percent) Personal income: Current dollars 29.2 36.8 0.2 0.2 66.9 69.1 0.4 0.4 Disposable personal income: Current dollars 14.6 21.1 0.1 0.1 53.0 54.8 0.4 0.4 Chained (2009) dollars -13.2 -8.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.9 -1.9 0.0 0.0 Personal consumption expenditures: Current dollars 17.6 25.5 0.1 0.2 136.0 119.2 1.0 0.9 Chained (2009) dollars -8.7 -2.5 -0.1 0.0 76.0 58.5 0.6 0.5 BOX.____________________________ QCEW Data Included in the Second Quarter of 2017 This news release includes revised estimates of wages and salaries, personal taxes, and contributions for government social insurance for April through June 2017 (second quarter). These estimates reflect the incorporation of the most recently available second-quarter wage and salary tabulations from the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program. ________________________________ BOX.____________________________ Hurricanes Harvey and Irma The August and September estimates of personal income and outlays reflect the effects of Hurricanes Harvey and Irma. BEA cannot separately quantify the total impact of the storms on personal income and outlays because most of the source data used to estimate the components of personal income and outlays do not separately identify storm impacts. BEA made adjustments to estimates where source data were not yet available or did not fully reflect the effects of the storms. For more information on the treatment of disasters within the national income and product accounts, see “How are the measures of production and income in the national accounts affected by a natural or man-made disaster?” ________________________________ Personal Income and Outlays Release Dates for 2018 December 2017....January 29 April 2018....May 31 August 2018......September 28 January 2018.....March 1 May 2018......June 29 September 2018...October 29 February 2018....March 29 June 2018.....July 31 October 2018.....November 29 March 2018.......April 30 July 2018.....August 30 November 2018....December 21 Next release: December 22, 2017 at 8:30 A.M. EST Personal Income and Outlays: November 2017 Additional Information Resources Additional Resources available at www.bea.gov: • Stay informed about BEA developments by reading the BEA blog, signing up for BEA’s email subscription service, or following BEA on Twitter @BEA_News. • Historical time series for these estimates can be accessed in BEA’s Interactive Data Application. • Access BEA data by registering for BEA’s Data Application Programming Interface (API). • For more on BEA’s statistics, see our monthly online journal, the Survey of Current Business. • BEA's news release schedule • NIPA Handbook: Concepts and Methods of the U.S. National Income and Product Accounts Definitions Personal income is the income received by, or on behalf of, all persons from all sources: from participation as laborers in production, from owning a home or business, from the ownership of financial assets, and from government and business in the form of transfers. It includes income from domestic sources as well as the rest of world. It does not include realized or unrealized capital gains or losses. Disposable personal income is the income available to persons for spending or saving. It is equal to personal income less personal current taxes. Personal consumption expenditures (PCE) is the value of the goods and services purchased by, or on the behalf of, “persons” who reside in the United States. Personal outlays is the sum of PCE, personal interest payments, and personal current transfer payments. Personal saving is personal income less personal outlays and personal current taxes. The personal saving rate is personal saving as a percentage of disposable personal income. Current-dollar estimates are valued in the prices of the period when the transactions occurred—that is, at “market value.” Also referred to as “nominal estimates” or as “current-price estimates.” Real values are inflation-adjusted estimates—that is, estimates that exclude the effects of price changes. For more definitions, see the Glossary: National Income and Product Accounts. Statistical conventions Annual rates. Monthly and quarterly values are expressed at seasonally-adjusted annual rates (SAAR). Dollar changes are calculated as the difference between these SAAR values. For detail, see the FAQ “Why does BEA publish estimates at annual rates?” Month-to-month percent changes are calculated from unrounded data and are not annualized. Quarter-to-quarter percent changes are calculated from unrounded data and are displayed at annual rates. For detail, see the FAQ “How is average annual growth calculated?” Quantities and prices. Quantities, or “real” volume measures, and prices are expressed as index numbers with a specified reference year equal to 100 (currently 2009). Quantity and price indexes are calculated using a Fisher-chained weighted formula that incorporates weights from two adjacent periods (quarters for quarterly data and annuals for annual data). “Real” dollar series are calculated by multiplying the published quantity index by the current dollar value in the reference year (2009) and then dividing by 100. Percent changes calculated from real quantity indexes and chained-dollar levels are conceptually the same; any differences are due to rounding. Chained-dollar values are not additive because the relative weights for a given period differ from those of the reference year.