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FOR WIRE TRANSMISSION: 9:00 A.M. EDT, THURSDAY, MAY 3, 2001

Jeffrey Newman: (202) 606–9265 (Analysis) BEA 01–12
Kathy Albetski: 606–9240 (Estimates)
METROPOLITAN AREA PERSONAL INCOME AND PER CAPITA PERSONAL INCOME: 1999

Strong earnings growth in "new economy" industries like business services and communications contributed to rapid personal income growth for the nation's fastest growing metropolitan areas in 1999, according to estimates released today by the Bureau of Economic Analysis of the U.S. Department of Commerce.1

             Fastest growing metropolitan areas, 1998–99
                           (Percent change)

                                       Total             Dividends,
                                      Personal    Net    Interest,  Transfer
                                       Income   Earnings  & Rent    Payments

United States...................         5.4       6.4      3.5       3.4

San Jose, CA....................        15.8      19.5      4.2       3.7
Austin-San Marcos, TX...........        11.8      14.4      2.8       4.3
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA....        10.0      12.1      4.8       3.0
Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA......         9.7      12.0      3.7       5.1
Las Vegas, NV-AZ................         8.8      10.5      5.6       5.2
Yuba City, CA...................         8.8      11.3      3.8       5.4
Denver, CO......................         8.7      10.1      4.9       4.0
Oakland, CA.....................         8.4      10.2      3.9       4.0
Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA......         8.4      10.5      3.9       2.7
San Diego, CA...................         8.3      10.3      4.0       3.9
1BEA's total personal income and net earnings estimates for 1999 are not directly comparable to the county payroll estimates for 1999, based on County Business Patterns data, released by the Census Bureau on May 2, 2001. For more information, see the "Definitions" section in this release.

Fastest growing metropolitan areas, 1999

Of the 10 fastest growing metropolitan areas, six were located in California. All 10 areas had growth in earnings—wages and salaries, other labor income, and proprietors' income—that exceeded the national average of 6.4 percent by at least 3.5 percentage points. Much of the strength in earnings reflects strong earnings growth in new economy industries. All 10 areas had strong growth in business services, a new economy industry, which includes software development, prepackaged software, data processing services, and computer rental and leasing. In addition:

The 1999 growth in Austin-San Marcos, Las Vegas, Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, and Denver continued a pattern of strong growth in recent years. Since 1997, Austin-San Marcos has ranked no lower than third during this period. The two fastest growing areas in 1998, Austin-San Marcos and Seattle- Bellevue-Everett, are ranked second and third, respectively, in 1999. Seven of the 10 fastest growing metropolitan areas in 1999 had personal income growth in 1998 that exceeded the national average of 6.6 percent; while nine of the 10 areas exceeded the 1997 national average of 6.0 percent. Yuba City had below average growth in 1997 and 1998 because of declines in farm earnings.


              Fastest growing metropolitan areas, 1997–99
                      (Percent change and rank)

                                                                                  Ranks
                                       1997       1998       1999       1997       1998       1999

United States...................        6.0        6.6        5.4       ....       ....       ....

San Jose, CA....................       10.4        7.7       15.8          7         49          1
Austin-San Marcos, TX...........       11.8       16.3       11.8          3          1          2
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA....        9.0       11.3       10.0         23          2          3
Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA......        6.1        6.1        9.7        122        154          4
Las Vegas, NV-AZ................       10.1       10.8        8.8         10          5          5
Yuba City, CA...................        3.7        5.1        8.8        274        216          5
Denver, CO......................        9.1        9.0        8.7         22         19          7
Oakland, CA.....................        6.9        7.1        8.4         70         77          8
Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA......        7.4        6.3        8.4         54        134          8
San Diego, CA...................        6.9        8.3        8.3         70         29         10

Slowest growing metropolitan areas, 1999

All 10 of the slowest growing metropolitan areas had growth in earnings that were less than the national average by at least 3.5 percentage points. Five of the slowest growing areas were in the Southeast Region; three were in the Southwest Region; and two were in the Plains Region. Four of the 10 areas—Odessa-Midland, Houma, Lafayette, and Enid—had declines in energy-related industries. In addition:

             Slowest growing metropolitan areas, 1998–99
                           (Percent change)

                                       Total             Dividends,
                                      Personal    Net    Interest,  Transfer
                                       Income   Earnings  & Rent    Payments

United States...................         5.4       6.4      3.5       3.4

Rocky Mount, NC.................        -3.7       2.1    -34.6       4.5
Odessa-Midland, TX..............        -2.3      -4.7      2.2       4.7
Houma, LA.......................        -1.3      -3.5      3.5       2.8
Lafayette, LA...................        -0.3      -2.2      3.6       3.4
Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA........         0.6      -0.6      4.0       1.6
Anniston, AL....................         0.9      -0.4      2.8       3.2
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX........         1.0       0.1      2.7       2.8
Enid, OK........................         1.1       2.2      1.4      -2.6
Grand Forks, ND-MN..............         1.1      -0.3      4.7       3.0
Goldsboro, NC...................         1.2       2.8     -6.8       3.5

Of the 10 areas with the slowest growth in 1999, only Houma had above average personal income growth in 1998. Seven of the 10 areas grew faster than the nation in 1997. Odessa-Midland and Houma went from being the second and fourth fastest growing metropolitan areas in 1997 to being the second and third slowest growing areas in 1999, reflecting the cyclical nature of the mining industry.

             Slowest growing metropolitan areas, 1997–99
                      (Percent change and rank)

                                                                                  Ranks
                                       1997       1998       1999       1997       1998       1999

United States...................        6.0        6.6        5.4       ....       ....       ....

Rocky Mount, NC.................        7.3        4.5       -3.7         58        249        318
Odessa-Midland, TX..............       11.9        5.8       -2.3          2        169        317
Houma, LA.......................       11.4        8.2       -1.3          4         31        316
Lafayette, LA...................        9.3        6.4       -0.3         18        126        315
Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA........        6.5        4.5        0.6        103        249        314
Anniston, AL....................        3.6        5.1        0.9        277        216        313
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX........        8.8        6.2        1.0         25        142        312
Enid, OK........................        7.7        5.2        1.1         42        209        310
Grand Forks, ND-MN..............       -1.4        5.7        1.1        318        176        310
Goldsboro, NC...................        5.1        3.4        1.2        184        298        309

Per capita personal income levels, 1999

The 10 metropolitan areas with the highest levels of 1999 per capita personal income (PCPI) were located on either the east or west coasts. San Francisco, with a 1999 PCPI of $49,695, continued to have the highest PCPI in the nation.

Five of the metropolitan areas—New Haven-Bridgeport-Stamford-Waterbury, Bergen-Passaic, Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, Trenton, and New York— were part of the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA consolidated metropolitan statistical area (CMSA).

             Highest 10 metropolitan areas, 1998 and 1999
                          (Dollars and rank)

                                                                       Rank           Rank
                                         1998           1999           1998           1999

United States.....................      27,321         28,546          ....           ....

San Francisco, CA.................      46,071         49,695             1              1
San Jose, CA......................      40,406         46,649             5              2
New Haven-Bridgeport-Stamford-
 Danbury-Waterbury, CT............      43,207         45,267             3              3
Naples, FL........................      44,217         44,862             2              4
West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL....      40,803         41,907             4              5
Bergen-Passaic, NJ................      38,568         40,623             6              6
Middlesex-Somerset-
 Hunterdon, NJ....................      38,405         39,969             7              7
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA......      36,616         39,880            12              8
Trenton, NJ.......................      37,531         39,626             8              9
New York, NY......................      36,653         38,814            11             10

The 10 metropolitan areas with the lowest levels of 1999 PCPI remained the same as in 1998. Six of the 10 lowest ranking metropolitan areas were in the Southwest Region.

             Lowest 10 metropolitan areas, 1998 and 1999
                          (Dollars and rank)

                                                                       Rank           Rank
                                         1998           1999           1998           1999

United States.....................      27,321         28,546          ....           ....

Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, CA....      18,609         19,329           310            309
Provo-Orem, UT....................      17,941         18,793           311            310
Yuma, AZ..........................      18,639         18,452           309            311
Merced, CA........................      17,842         18,367           312            312
Sumter, SC........................      17,506         18,238           313            313
El Paso, TX.......................      16,777         17,216           314            314
Las Cruces, NM....................      16,508         17,003           315            315
Brownsville-Harlingen-
 San Benito, TX...................      13,948         14,280           316            316
Laredo, TX........................      13,828         14,112           317            317
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX......      12,982         13,339           318            318

Note to correspondents: A narrative summary, BEA Regional Facts (BEARFACTS), of personal income and per capita personal income, components of income, and earnings by industry is available for each metropolitan area and for counties for the latest ten year (1989–99) and most current year (1998–99) periods. To access BEARFACTS for any area on BEA's Web site, go to /regional/bearfacts/.

The complete set of local area income and employment estimates are now available interactively on BEA's Web site. Go to /regional/reis/ to access these estimates.

Data on personal income and per capita personal income for BEA regions, states, and metropolitan areas, as well as data for counties, will be presented in the May issue of the Survey of Current Business, the monthly journal of the Bureau of Economic Analysis. See the end of this release for information on obtaining issues of the Survey of Current Business in printed form and on BEA's Web site. The full detail of the local area personal income estimates is available on a CD–ROM for $35.00. For further information, call (202) 606-5360.

Definitions

Personal income is the income received by all persons from participation in production, from government and business transfer payments, and from government interest. Personal income is the sum of net earnings by place of residence, rental income of persons, personal dividend income, personal interest income, and transfer payments. Net earnings is earnings by place of work—the sum of wage and salary disbursements (payrolls), other labor income, and proprietors' income—less personal contributions for social insurance, plus an adjustment to convert earnings by place of work to a place- of-residence basis. Personal income is measured before the deduction of personal income taxes and other personal taxes and is reported in current dollars (no adjustment is made for price changes).

The estimate of personal income in the United States is derived as the sum of the county estimates; it differs from the estimate of personal income in the national income and product accounts (NIPA's) because of differences in coverage and in the timing of the availability of source data.

As part of personal income, BEA prepares estimates of wage and salary disbursements by State and county. The Census Bureau and the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) also prepare county-level estimates of wages and salaries.

The Census Bureau's County Business Patterns (CBP) employment and payroll data are an annual extension of the quinquennial economic censuses; the data are derived from surveys of business establishments and from Federal administrative records of the Internal Revenue Service, the Social Security Administration, and BLS. The data exclude agricultural production employees, household employees, and most government employees, which are included in BEA's estimates of wage and salary disbursements.

The BLS county wage data are derived from the Covered Employment and Wages, or ES-202, program; the data are tabulations of monthly employment and quarterly total wages of workers who are covered by State unemployment insurance (UI) and of Federal workers who are covered by the unemployment compensation for Federal employees (UCFE) program. The BLS data include civilian government and some agricultural production employees and household employees.

The BLS data account for 95 percent of the wage and salary component of BEA's estimates of personal income. The remainder consists of adjustments that BEA makes to account for employment and wages not covered, or not fully covered, by the State UI and UCFE programs.

Per capita personal income (PCPI) is the annual total personal income of residents divided by resident population as of July 1. The Census Bureau released April 1, 2000 decennial population counts for counties in early 2001, but will not release revised county intercensal population estimates for 1991– 99 that are consistent with the April 1, 2000 counts until early 2002. In 2002, PCPI estimates for 1991–99 will be revised to incorporate the updated intercensal population estimates.

The metropolitan area definitions used by BEA for its personal income estimates are the county-based definitions issued by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for federal statistical purposes. OMB's general concept of a metropolitan area is that of a geographic area consisting of a large population nucleus together with adjacent communities having a high degree of economic and social integration with the nucleus. OMB recognizes two sets of metropolitan areas in the New England region. The first set is defined in terms of cities and towns; the second set, which is used for the estimates presented here, consists of the 12 New England county metropolitan statistical areas (NECMA's). Outside of the New England region, the metropolitan areas consist of 58 primary metropolitan statistical areas (PMSA's) and 248 metropolitan statistical areas (MSA's). The PMSA's and one NECMA are grouped into 17 consolidated metropolitan statistical areas (CMSA's). The 318 metropolitan areas discussed in the text of this release consist of the MSA's, PMSA's, and NECMA's. The estimates for all of the areas, including the 17 CMSA's, are shown in Table 1 (PDF or text).


BEA's major national, regional, international, and industry estimates; the Survey of Current Business; and BEA news releases are available on BEA's Web site: http://www.bea.gov.

The definitions of the metropolitan areas are available on the Web site in "Other Products" under the "Regional" heading.

STAT-USA maintains an Internet site that contains BEA estimates, BEA news releases, and the Survey of Current Business. To subscribe to STAT-USA's World Wide Web system, go to http://www.stat-usa.gov. For further information, call (202) 482-1986.

Summary BEA estimates are available on recorded messages at the time of public release at the following telephone numbers:

    (202) 606-5306  Gross domestic product
          606-5303  Personal income and outlays
          606-5362  Summary of international transactions

Most of BEA's estimates and analyses appear in the Survey of Current Business , BEA's monthly journal. The printed Survey of Current Business is available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington D.C. 20402. First class mail: Annual subscription $95.00 domestic. Second class mail: Annual subscription $49.00 domestic, $61.25 foreign; single issue $25.00 domestic, $31.25 foreign.


Table 1. Personal Income and Per Capita Personal Income, 1997–99
Metropolitan Statistical Areas
                                                                     Personal income                    Per capita personal income\1
                                                          ----------------------------------------   ------------------------------------
                                                               (Millions of dollars)      Percent           (Dollars)            Rank in
                                                                                          change\2                                  U.S.
Area name                                                    1997      1998      1999     1998-99    1997      1998      1999       1999
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------   ------------------------------------
United States \3                                         6,928,545 7,383,476 7,784,137       5.4    25,874    27,321    28,546         .

Metropolitan portion                                     5,874,694 6,275,812 6,630,149       5.6    27,408    28,987    30,317         .
Nonmetropolitan portion                                  1,053,851 1,107,664 1,153,988       4.2    19,719    20,611    21,372         .

Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Areas:
Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI                             268,636   287,137   300,846       4.8    30,661    32,544    33,857         .
Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN                               51,476    55,058    57,819       5.0    26,612    28,259    29,485         .
Cleveland-Akron, OH                                         79,514    83,910    87,042       3.7    27,267    28,809    29,905         .
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX                                      135,784   149,021   159,469       7.0    29,067    31,082    32,482         .
Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO                                  72,098    78,651    85,396       8.6    31,103    33,287    35,318         .
Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI                                152,659   161,651   170,312       5.4    28,052    29,645    31,140         .
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX                             123,660   135,062   141,745       4.9    28,708    30,691    31,543         .
Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA                    397,751   425,958   449,834       5.6    25,558    26,966    28,050         .
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL                                   89,755    94,768    99,018       4.5    24,870    25,902    26,682         .
Milwaukee-Racine, WI                                        46,826    49,469    51,847       4.8    28,473    30,070    31,457         .
New York-No. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA           690,088   733,999   774,748       5.6    34,663    36,705    38,539         .
Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD         175,748   185,987   194,352       4.5    29,404    31,067    32,397         .
Portland-Salem, OR-WA                                       57,575    61,203    64,589       5.5    27,216    28,462    29,615         .
Sacramento-Yolo, CA                                         43,278    46,428    49,736       7.1    25,771    27,190    28,568         .
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA                         235,703   254,671   280,844      10.3    35,081    37,378    40,858         .
Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA                               101,627   111,582   121,483       8.9    30,177    32,600    35,052         .
Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV                          231,206   246,577   263,429       6.8    32,095    33,918    35,797         .

Metropolitan Statistical Areas: \4
Abilene, TX                                                  2,763     2,890     3,010       4.2    22,726    23,681    24,579       189
Akron, OH*                                                  17,624    18,641    19,359       3.9    25,657    27,094    28,079        93
Albany, GA                                                   2,461     2,563     2,630       2.6    20,952    21,758    22,394       266
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY                                 22,781    24,131    25,136       4.2    26,101    27,717    28,909        78
Albuquerque, NM                                             16,039    16,757    17,391       3.8    23,825    24,769    25,619       154
Alexandria, LA                                               2,649     2,825     2,918       3.3    20,964    22,335    23,020       246
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA                              16,002    16,756    17,613       5.1    26,040    27,199    28,483        86
Altoona, PA                                                  2,779     2,895     3,034       4.8    21,219    22,178    23,352       235
Amarillo, TX                                                 4,666     4,956     5,145       3.8    22,639    23,934    24,652       187
Anchorage, AK                                                8,018     8,433     8,717       3.4    31,899    32,992    33,813        25
Ann Arbor, MI*                                              16,143    17,423    18,811       8.0    29,949    31,810    33,750        27
Anniston, AL                                                 2,253     2,368     2,388        .9    19,231    20,221    20,492       302
Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI                                  8,534     9,063     9,632       6.3    24,952    26,280    27,670       101
Asheville, NC                                                5,161     5,518     5,747       4.1    24,465    25,879    26,706       128
Athens, GA                                                   3,042     3,280     3,445       5.0    22,037    23,657    24,539       191
Atlanta, GA                                                105,565   116,171   125,302       7.9    29,064    31,028    32,486        33
Atlantic-Cape May, NJ*                                       9,751    10,220    10,576       3.5    29,182    30,418    31,322        44
Auburn-Opelika, AL                                           1,809     1,908     2,012       5.5    18,376    18,988    19,696       308
Augusta-Aiken, GA-SC                                         9,856    10,463    10,852       3.7    21,665    22,848    23,549       229
Austin-San Marcos, TX                                       28,006    32,579    36,437      11.8    26,224    29,494    31,794        39
Bakersfield, CA                                             11,873    12,458    12,777       2.6    19,010    19,724    19,886       307
Baltimore, MD*                                              70,139    74,017    78,309       5.8    28,343    29,834    31,434        43
Bangor, ME (NECMA)                                           2,965     3,131     3,267       4.3    20,443    21,676    22,617       261
Barnstable-Yarmouth, MA (NECMA)                              6,297     6,801     7,326       7.7    30,690    32,622    34,470        24
Baton Rouge, LA                                             13,110    14,121    14,657       3.8    22,997    24,591    25,316       162
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX                                     8,209     8,714     8,803       1.0    21,915    23,229    23,395       232
Bellingham, WA                                               3,336     3,548     3,724       5.0    21,536    22,561    23,228       241
Benton Harbor, MI                                            3,755     3,855     4,065       5.5    23,411    24,117    25,454       159
Bergen-Passaic, NJ*                                         49,184    51,584    54,521       5.7    36,883    38,568    40,623         6
Billings, MT                                                 2,921     3,086     3,214       4.1    23,193    24,449    25,253       169
Biloxi-Gulfport-Pascagoula, MS                               6,972     7,683     8,020       4.4    20,232    22,060    22,707       258
Binghamton, NY                                               5,627     5,824     6,073       4.3    22,468    23,394    24,542       190
Birmingham, AL                                              22,994    24,305    25,527       5.0    25,505    26,732    27,896        98
Bismarck, ND                                                 2,033     2,173     2,267       4.3    22,408    23,750    24,660       186
Bloomington, IN                                              2,509     2,678     2,801       4.6    21,640    22,978    23,957       212
Bloomington-Normal, IL                                       3,676     3,910     4,211       7.7    25,943    27,275    28,947        77
Boise City, ID                                               9,575    10,372    11,178       7.8    24,963    26,191    27,408       110
Boston-Worcester-Lawrence-Lowell-Brockton, MA-NH (NECMA)   185,695   199,622   214,141       7.3    31,869    34,044    36,285        15
Boulder-Longmont, CO*                                        8,679     9,483    10,248       8.1    33,198    35,561    37,523        14
Brazoria, TX*                                                4,969     5,339     5,559       4.1    22,253    23,330    23,724       221
Bremerton, WA*                                               5,225     5,377     5,654       5.2    22,434    23,085    23,902       215
Brownsville-Harlingen-San Benito, TX                         4,230     4,520     4,700       4.0    13,314    13,948    14,280       316
Bryan-College Station, TX                                    2,546     2,738     2,846       3.9    19,258    20,599    21,206       292
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY                                   28,312    29,473    30,506       3.5    24,358    25,596    26,710       126
Burlington, VT (NECMA)                                       4,829     5,162     5,461       5.8    25,240    26,788    28,039        94
Canton-Massillon, OH                                         9,257     9,803    10,043       2.4    22,988    24,379    24,955       178
Casper, WY                                                   1,735     1,826     1,922       5.2    27,229    28,879    30,427        56
Cedar Rapids, IA                                             4,920     5,396     5,719       6.0    27,100    29,521    30,932        46
Champaign-Urbana, IL                                         3,915     4,109     4,296       4.6    22,962    24,192    25,233       170
Charleston-North Charleston, SC                             10,946    11,794    12,684       7.5    20,498    21,750    22,944       247
Charleston, WV                                               6,208     6,507     6,709       3.1    24,487    25,751    26,709       127
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC                         36,668    40,086    42,998       7.3    27,148    28,994    30,340        59
Charlottesville, VA                                          4,017     4,419     4,616       4.5    27,391    29,586    30,517        53
Chattanooga, TN-GA                                          10,651    11,238    11,856       5.5    23,793    24,994    26,228       138
Cheyenne, WY                                                 1,927     2,040     2,158       5.8    24,514    25,954    27,361       112
Chicago, IL*                                               248,178   265,552   278,241       4.8    31,452    33,406    34,743        22
Chico-Paradise, CA                                           3,888     4,064     4,297       5.7    20,141    20,910    22,012       275
Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN*                                       43,593    46,662    48,996       5.0    27,133    28,849    30,105        62
Clarksville-Hopkinsville, TN-KY                              3,916     4,091     4,329       5.8    19,815    20,498    21,500       289
Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH*                                61,890    65,269    67,683       3.7    27,763    29,339    30,472        55
Colorado Springs, CO                                        11,689    12,776    13,627       6.7    24,356    26,071    27,255       116
Columbia, MO                                                 3,125     3,321     3,459       4.1    24,441    25,754    26,568       129
Columbia, SC                                                12,387    13,385    14,168       5.9    24,670    26,248    27,444       109
Columbus, GA-AL                                              5,807     6,219     6,500       4.5    21,347    22,907    23,950       213
Columbus, OH                                                39,361    42,028    44,353       5.5    27,048    28,531    29,777        63
Corpus Christi, TX                                           7,862     8,264     8,491       2.8    20,439    21,383    21,936       276
Corvallis, OR                                                2,056     2,145     2,184       1.8    26,517    27,559    28,291        88
Cumberland, MD-WV                                            1,913     1,970     2,033       3.2    19,198    19,868    20,700       298
Dallas, TX*                                                 96,196   105,999   113,794       7.4    30,859    33,096    34,690        23
Danville, VA                                                 2,071     2,163     2,241       3.6    19,030    19,982    20,833       295
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL                          8,766     9,268     9,397       1.4    24,534    25,903    26,186       139
Dayton-Springfield, OH                                      24,532    25,414    26,238       3.2    25,514    26,430    27,369       111
Daytona Beach, FL                                            9,787    10,249    10,691       4.3    21,241    21,913    22,520       262
Decatur, AL                                                  3,076     3,272     3,395       3.8    21,711    22,937    23,668       223
Decatur, IL                                                  2,778     2,925     3,078       5.2    24,337    25,732    27,188       119
Denver, CO*                                                 60,223    65,665    71,359       8.7    31,678    33,906    36,058        16
Des Moines, IA                                              12,062    13,012    13,801       6.1    27,934    29,791    31,118        45
Detroit, MI*                                               126,336   133,887   140,825       5.2    28,278    29,956    31,472        42
Dothan, AL                                                   2,761     2,929     3,064       4.6    20,565    21,770    22,653       260
Dover, DE                                                    2,606     2,773     2,876       3.7    21,248    22,305    22,819       254
Dubuque, IA                                                  2,047     2,189     2,237       2.2    23,217    24,904    25,385       161
Duluth-Superior, MN-WI                                       5,453     5,786     6,044       4.5    22,933    24,454    25,566       157
Dutchess County, NY*                                         7,226     7,727     8,268       7.0    27,410    29,112    30,822        47
Eau Claire, WI                                               3,164     3,393     3,572       5.3    22,060    23,593    24,724       183
El Paso, TX                                                 10,977    11,653    12,084       3.7    16,016    16,777    17,216       314
Elkhart-Goshen, IN                                           4,054     4,348     4,605       5.9    23,737    25,173    26,360       136
Elmira, NY                                                   1,996     2,078     2,162       4.0    21,567    22,539    23,563       226
Enid, OK                                                     1,261     1,327     1,342       1.1    22,208    23,313    23,559       227
Erie, PA                                                     6,323     6,505     6,768       4.0    22,622    23,391    24,433       198
Eugene-Springfield, OR                                       7,173     7,617     7,972       4.7    23,059    24,309    25,315       163
Evansville-Henderson, IN-KY                                  7,117     7,607     7,918       4.1    24,531    26,209    27,191       118
Fargo-Moorhead, ND-MN                                        3,914     4,203     4,450       5.9    23,485    24,955    26,155       140
Fayetteville, NC                                             6,594     6,874     7,172       4.3    23,088    24,186    25,285       167
Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR                           5,912     6,384     6,901       8.1    21,586    22,893    24,213       206
Flagstaff, AZ-UT                                             2,284     2,442     2,573       5.3    19,069    20,301    21,325       290
Flint, MI*                                                  10,179    10,340    10,677       3.3    23,384    23,733    24,412       200
Florence, AL                                                 2,838     2,873     2,959       3.0    20,718    20,949    21,617       284
Florence, SC                                                 2,635     2,788     2,925       4.9    21,186    22,359    23,360       234
Fort Collins-Loveland, CO                                    5,804     6,295     6,723       6.8    25,740    27,238    28,386        87
Fort Lauderdale, FL*                                        40,674    43,207    45,208       4.6    27,541    28,656    29,442        70
Fort Myers-Cape Coral, FL                                   10,173    10,639    11,160       4.9    26,371    27,078    27,861        99
Fort Pierce-Port St. Lucie, FL                               8,080     8,545     8,891       4.0    27,744    28,937    29,641        64
Fort Smith, AR-OK                                            3,874     4,121     4,366       5.9    20,137    21,276    22,326       268
Fort Walton Beach, FL                                        3,890     4,054     4,204       3.7    23,204    24,053    24,720       184
Fort Wayne, IN                                              12,026    12,724    13,248       4.1    25,191    26,440    27,355       113
Fort Worth-Arlington, TX*                                   39,589    43,022    45,675       6.2    25,473    27,028    28,035        95
Fresno, CA                                                  16,626    17,288    18,279       5.7    19,264    19,881    20,776       297
Gadsden, AL                                                  2,011     2,077     2,123       2.2    19,385    19,986    20,518       301
Gainesville, FL                                              4,606     4,926     5,091       3.3    23,313    24,851    25,648       152
Galveston-Texas City, TX*                                    5,766     6,145     6,285       2.3    23,796    25,082    25,296       165
Gary, IN*                                                   14,872    15,671    16,396       4.6    23,774    24,985    26,093       142
Glens Falls, NY                                              2,564     2,703     2,789       3.2    21,082    22,263    22,939       248
Goldsboro, NC                                                2,141     2,213     2,240       1.2    19,122    19,789    20,050       306
Grand Forks, ND-MN                                           2,133     2,254     2,279       1.1    21,032    23,032    23,870       217
Grand Junction, CO                                           2,391     2,560     2,712       5.9    21,596    22,679    23,557       228
Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, MI                           26,028    27,613    29,055       5.2    25,317    26,584    27,616       106
Great Falls, MT                                              1,795     1,869     1,915       2.5    22,732    23,790    24,463       195
Greeley, CO*                                                 3,196     3,503     3,789       8.2    20,547    21,964    22,852       252
Green Bay, WI                                                5,728     6,035     6,301       4.4    26,756    28,079    29,102        75
Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point, NC                     30,331    32,468    34,080       5.0    26,302    27,806    28,896        79
Greenville, NC                                               2,827     2,932     2,974       1.4    22,718    23,158    23,239       239
Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC                         20,521    21,948    23,117       5.3    22,639    23,904    24,869       180
Hagerstown, MD*                                              2,841     2,933     3,088       5.3    22,322    23,009    24,162       207
Hamilton-Middletown, OH*                                     7,883     8,396     8,823       5.1    24,056    25,374    26,456       133
Harrisburg-Lebanon-Carlisle, PA                             16,261    17,107    17,780       3.9    26,461    27,727    28,753        81
Hartford, CT (NECMA)                                        35,373    37,270    39,104       4.9    31,953    33,604    35,109        21
Hattiesburg, MS                                              2,061     2,192     2,290       4.5    18,829    19,652    20,256       303
Hickory-Morganton-Lenoir, NC                                 7,218     7,740     8,145       5.2    22,687    24,040    24,997       176
Honolulu, HI                                                24,604    24,967    25,475       2.0    28,180    28,640    29,465        69
Houma, LA                                                    3,743     4,051     3,998      -1.3    19,560    20,912    20,547       299
Houston, TX*                                               112,925   123,578   129,901       5.1    29,393    31,470    32,386        34
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH                                 6,042     6,248     6,415       2.7    19,179    19,904    20,533       300
Huntsville, AL                                               8,031     8,581     8,926       4.0    24,080    25,220    25,993       145
Indianapolis, IN                                            40,994    44,507    46,904       5.4    27,240    29,304    30,523        52
Iowa City, IA                                                2,667     2,869     3,055       6.5    26,172    27,974    29,425        71
Jackson, MI                                                  3,394     3,504     3,730       6.5    21,824    22,444    23,719       222
Jackson, MS                                                  9,989    10,626    11,123       4.7    23,485    24,726    25,709       151
Jackson, TN                                                  2,243     2,400     2,524       5.2    22,602    23,882    24,840       181
Jacksonville, FL                                            26,444    28,516    29,182       2.3    25,688    27,321    27,625       104
Jacksonville, NC                                             3,062     3,170     3,299       4.1    21,650    22,108    23,157       245
Jamestown, NY                                                2,692     2,819     2,869       1.8    19,317    20,380    20,877       294
Janesville-Beloit, WI                                        3,498     3,657     3,794       3.7    23,295    24,267    25,103       172
Jersey City, NJ*                                            14,104    14,734    15,292       3.8    25,474    26,643    27,662       102
Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA                        9,468     9,881    10,236       3.6    20,595    21,397    22,119       272
Johnstown, PA                                                4,689     4,822     5,042       4.6    19,708    20,450    21,564       285
Jonesboro, AR                                                1,529     1,603     1,697       5.9    20,055    20,760    21,853       279
Joplin, MO                                                   3,064     3,225     3,366       4.4    20,797    21,666    22,441       265
Kalamazoo-Battle Creek, MI                                  10,685    11,091    11,440       3.1    24,050    24,864    25,583       156
Kankakee, IL*                                                2,223     2,306     2,389       3.6    21,754    22,541    23,256       238
Kansas City, MO-KS                                          46,607    49,923    53,072       6.3    27,128    28,737    30,225        60
Kenosha, WI*                                                 3,363     3,607     3,820       5.9    23,523    24,985    26,111       141
Killeen-Temple, TX                                           6,072     6,340     6,713       5.9    20,567    21,349    22,654       259
Knoxville, TN                                               15,475    16,456    17,207       4.6    23,396    24,694    25,603       155
Kokomo, IN                                                   2,483     2,591     2,734       5.5    24,775    25,896    27,233       117
La Crosse, WI-MN                                             2,848     3,041     3,156       3.8    23,482    24,991    25,886       148
Lafayette, LA                                                7,656     8,144     8,121       -.3    20,588    21,707    21,528       287
Lafayette, IN                                                3,845     4,043     4,187       3.6    22,393    23,174    23,867       218
Lake Charles, LA                                             3,826     4,036     4,116       2.0    21,347    22,408    22,792       255
Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL                                    9,333    10,056    10,653       5.9    20,893    22,217    23,294       236
Lancaster, PA                                               11,363    12,014    12,563       4.6    25,048    26,307    27,309       114
Lansing-East Lansing, MI                                    10,643    10,826    11,458       5.8    23,633    24,043    25,419       160
Laredo, TX                                                   2,407     2,583     2,726       5.5    13,345    13,828    14,112       317
Las Cruces, NM                                               2,613     2,789     2,897       3.8    15,701    16,508    17,003       315
Las Vegas, NV-AZ                                            33,759    37,416    40,723       8.8    26,786    28,334    29,486        68
Lawrence, KS                                                 1,890     2,018     2,130       5.6    19,921    20,896    21,658       283
Lawton, OK                                                   2,202     2,300     2,360       2.6    20,253    21,264    22,134       270
Lewiston-Auburn, ME (NECMA)                                  2,214     2,318     2,388       3.0    21,934    22,892    23,570       225
Lexington, KY                                               11,288    12,177    12,831       5.4    25,432    27,089    28,161        91
Lima, OH                                                     3,375     3,547     3,709       4.6    21,797    22,987    24,072       209
Lincoln, NE                                                  5,996     6,440     6,772       5.2    25,693    27,340    28,493        84
Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR                           13,748    14,656    15,414       5.2    24,975    26,445    27,571       107
Longview-Marshall, TX                                        4,442     4,661     4,792       2.8    21,429    22,348    22,872       251
Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA*                                235,075   251,637   263,815       4.8    25,758    27,281    28,276        89
Louisville, KY-IN                                           25,985    28,009    29,514       5.4    26,141    28,041    29,342        73
Lubbock, TX                                                  5,129     5,419     5,574       2.9    22,294    23,747    24,459       196
Lynchburg, VA                                                4,427     4,694     4,939       5.2    21,402    22,605    23,649       224
Macon, GA                                                    7,076     7,484     7,857       5.0    22,383    23,449    24,433       198
Madison, WI                                                 12,142    12,994    13,714       5.5    28,764    30,599    31,999        37
Mansfield, OH                                                3,733     3,861     3,975       3.0    21,084    21,831    22,509       263
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX                                 6,297     6,746     7,135       5.8    12,493    12,982    13,339       318
Medford-Ashland, OR                                          3,760     3,980     4,220       6.0    22,044    22,976    24,004       211
Melbourne-Titusville-Palm Bay, FL                           10,581    11,051    11,421       3.4    23,045    23,775    24,282       205
Memphis, TN-AR-MS                                           28,090    30,361    31,857       4.9    25,961    27,793    28,828        80
Merced, CA                                                   3,369     3,520     3,687       4.8    17,377    17,842    18,367       312
Miami, FL*                                                  49,081    51,561    53,811       4.4    23,020    23,972    24,733       182
Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ*                           39,916    42,910    45,189       5.3    36,137    38,405    39,969         7
Milwaukee-Waukesha, WI*                                     41,976    44,379    46,512       4.8    28,760    30,405    31,805        38
Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI                                 88,287    95,516   101,242       6.0    31,587    33,746    35,250        20
Missoula, MT                                                 1,955     2,085     2,187       4.9    22,006    23,446    24,476       194
Mobile, AL                                                  10,667    11,274    11,681       3.6    20,242    21,202    21,814       280
Modesto, CA                                                  8,512     9,100     9,517       4.6    20,295    21,318    21,790       282
Monmouth-Ocean, NJ*                                         32,675    34,897    36,620       4.9    30,278    31,919    33,021        30
Monroe, LA                                                   2,942     3,100     3,246       4.7    20,016    21,115    22,128       271
Montgomery, AL                                               7,478     7,855     8,266       5.2    23,416    24,426    25,637       153
Muncie, IN                                                   2,609     2,716     2,813       3.6    22,160    23,347    24,362       203
Myrtle Beach, SC                                             3,765     4,061     4,373       7.7    22,226    23,266    24,492       193
Naples, FL                                                   8,121     8,834     9,288       5.1    42,117    44,217    44,862         4
Nashville, TN                                               31,474    33,867    35,750       5.6    27,677    29,306    30,510        54
Nassau-Suffolk, NY*                                         95,132    99,841   104,197       4.4    35,771    37,372    38,751        11
New Haven-Bridgeport-Stamford-Danbury-Waterbury, CT*        65,653    70,443    73,991       5.0    40,378    43,207    45,267         3
New London-Norwich, CT (NECMA)                               7,291     7,649     7,817       2.2    29,130    30,972    31,771        40
New Orleans, LA                                             31,462    33,175    33,890       2.2    24,069    25,394    25,960       146
New York, NY*                                              298,362   318,126   338,168       6.3    34,492    36,653    38,814        10
Newark, NJ*                                                 67,668    72,186    75,676       4.8    34,830    37,055    38,715        12
Newburgh, NY-PA*                                             8,539     9,111     9,596       5.3    23,345    24,628    25,553       158
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA-NC                  35,458    37,229    39,034       4.8    22,883    24,012    24,979       177
Oakland, CA*                                                72,106    77,261    83,769       8.4    31,741    33,374    35,666        18
Ocala, FL                                                    4,842     5,207     5,440       4.5    20,539    21,581    22,115       273
Odessa-Midland, TX                                           5,859     6,198     6,056      -2.3    24,382    25,410    24,999       175
Oklahoma City, OK                                           23,010    24,433    25,568       4.6    22,335    23,542    24,437       197
Olympia, WA*                                                 4,749     5,033     5,293       5.2    23,778    24,883    25,760       150
Omaha, NE-IA                                                19,050    20,200    21,450       6.2    27,717    29,146    30,692        48
Orange County, CA*                                          81,395    87,626    93,333       6.5    30,536    32,171    33,805        26
Orlando, FL                                                 35,321    38,384    40,782       6.2    24,124    25,541    26,568       129
Owensboro, KY                                                1,962     2,041     2,132       4.5    21,599    22,437    23,383       233
Panama City, FL                                              3,126     3,267     3,361       2.9    21,361    22,264    22,719       257
Parkersburg-Marietta, WV-OH                                  3,232     3,338     3,409       2.2    21,442    22,249    22,826       253
Pensacola, FL                                                8,295     8,791     9,067       3.1    21,063    21,879    22,476       264
Peoria-Pekin, IL                                             8,702     9,193     9,458       2.9    25,155    26,567    27,297       115
Philadelphia, PA-NJ*                                       146,477   154,869   161,501       4.3    29,635    31,316    32,627        31
Phoenix-Mesa, AZ                                            71,071    77,606    83,228       7.2    25,013    26,480    27,617       105
Pine Bluff, AR                                               1,516     1,581     1,627       2.9    18,466    19,381    20,141       305
Pittsburgh, PA                                              63,415    65,697    68,977       5.0    26,878    28,014    29,587        66
Pittsfield, MA (NECMA)                                       3,517     3,707     3,848       3.8    26,267    27,904    29,103        74
Pocatello, ID                                                1,399     1,456     1,516       4.1    18,917    19,606    20,252       304
Portland, ME (NECMA)                                         7,143     7,611     8,074       6.1    28,331    29,913    31,484        41
Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA*                                  50,433    53,638    56,616       5.6    28,164    29,471    30,672        49
Providence-Warwick-Pawtucket, RI (NECMA)                    23,838    25,104    26,326       4.9    26,371    27,736    29,000        76
Provo-Orem, UT                                               5,600     6,098     6,521       6.9    17,001    17,941    18,793       310
Pueblo, CO                                                   2,715     2,876     3,003       4.4    20,497    21,315    21,924       277
Punta Gorda, FL                                              3,061     3,193     3,337       4.5    23,134    23,692    24,356       204
Racine, WI*                                                  4,850     5,090     5,335       4.8    26,208    27,434    28,720        82
Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, NC                              30,216    32,945    35,436       7.6    28,758    30,525    32,054        36
Rapid City, SD                                               1,980     2,073     2,211       6.6    22,765    23,738    25,088       173
Reading, PA                                                  9,180     9,635    10,002       3.8    25,941    27,082    27,921        97
Redding, CA                                                  3,457     3,582     3,764       5.1    21,262    21,820    22,880       250
Reno, NV                                                     9,729    10,597    11,303       6.7    31,765    33,857    35,343        19
Richland-Kennewick-Pasco, WA                                 3,977     4,128     4,287       3.8    21,990    22,603    23,219       243
Richmond-Petersburg, VA                                     26,093    27,779    29,413       5.9    27,676    29,174    30,593        51
Riverside-San Bernardino, CA*                               61,591    66,105    70,604       6.8    20,201    21,210    22,060       274
Roanoke, VA                                                  5,919     6,254     6,488       3.7    25,906    27,437    28,491        85
Rochester, MN                                                3,260     3,589     3,853       7.4    28,456    30,690    32,359        35
Rochester, NY                                               28,344    29,453    30,389       3.2    26,162    27,251    28,162        90
Rockford, IL                                                 8,720     9,176     9,498       3.5    24,556    25,708    26,484       132
Rocky Mount, NC                                              3,141     3,283     3,163      -3.7    21,616    22,500    21,510       288
Sacramento, CA*                                             39,412    42,394    45,530       7.4    25,796    27,276    28,718        83
Saginaw-Bay City-Midland, MI                                 9,681    10,005    10,424       4.2    24,061    24,914    26,012       143
St. Cloud, MN                                                3,334     3,708     3,831       3.3    20,600    22,770    23,231       240
St. Joseph, MO                                               2,101     2,199     2,310       5.1    21,629    22,591    23,764       220
St. Louis, MO-IL                                            71,103    75,109    78,051       3.9    27,798    29,321    30,382        57
Salem, OR*                                                   7,142     7,565     7,973       5.4    21,989    22,903    23,789       219
Salinas, CA                                                  9,633    10,358    10,927       5.5    26,842    28,252    29,393        72
Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT                                    29,318    31,235    32,967       5.5    23,435    24,725    25,855       149
San Angelo, TX                                               2,211     2,323     2,399       3.3    21,613    22,622    23,453       231
San Antonio, TX                                             34,572    36,765    38,680       5.2    22,831    23,872    24,716       185
San Diego, CA                                               70,957    76,840    83,183       8.3    26,067    27,779    29,489        67
San Francisco, CA*                                          70,441    77,548    83,768       8.0    42,150    46,071    49,695         1
San Jose, CA*                                               61,593    66,341    76,850      15.8    37,981    40,406    46,649         2
San Luis Obispo-Atascadero-Paso Robles, CA                   5,452     5,824     6,134       5.3    23,559    24,879    25,888       147
Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, CA                        10,507    11,259    11,817       5.0    27,164    28,909    30,218        61
Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA*                                  7,140     7,589     8,224       8.4    29,890    31,204    33,539        28
Santa Fe, NM                                                 3,893     4,196     4,366       4.0    27,855    29,739    30,634        50
Santa Rosa, CA*                                             12,445    13,224    14,296       8.1    29,183    30,485    32,492        32
Sarasota-Bradenton, FL                                      17,634    18,852    19,626       4.1    32,943    34,719    35,679        17
Savannah, GA                                                 6,774     7,332     7,653       4.4    23,879    25,703    26,534       131
Scranton-Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton, PA                          14,151    14,546    15,031       3.3    22,782    23,609    24,581       188
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA*                               76,080    84,641    93,116      10.0    33,484    36,616    39,880         8
Sharon, PA                                                   2,475     2,565     2,656       3.5    20,274    21,063    21,864       278
Sheboygan, WI                                                2,692     2,871     3,051       6.3    24,516    26,101    27,705       100
Sherman-Denison, TX                                          2,176     2,314     2,440       5.4    21,616    22,685    23,521       230
Shreveport-Bossier City, LA                                  8,358     8,771     9,084       3.6    22,006    23,232    24,053       210
Sioux City, IA-NE                                            2,766     2,938     3,032       3.2    22,957    24,414    25,144       171
Sioux Falls, SD                                              4,313     4,663     4,991       7.0    27,270    28,989    30,341        58
South Bend, IN                                               6,270     6,659     6,919       3.9    24,288    25,791    26,761       124
Spokane, WA                                                  9,152     9,538     9,985       4.7    22,567    23,365    24,368       202
Springfield, IL                                              5,240     5,516     5,713       3.6    25,699    27,036    28,000        96
Springfield, MO                                              6,766     7,221     7,562       4.7    22,474    23,697    24,525       192
Springfield, MA (NECMA)                                     14,627    15,295    15,995       4.6    24,763    25,938    27,149       120
State College, PA                                            2,921     3,052     3,187       4.4    22,049    23,122    24,107       208
Steubenville-Weirton, OH-WV                                  2,625     2,763     2,819       2.0    19,227    20,527    21,151       293
Stockton-Lodi, CA                                           11,002    11,420    12,133       6.2    20,375    20,775    21,544       286
Sumter, SC                                                   1,888     1,966     2,050       4.3    16,944    17,506    18,238       313
Syracuse, NY                                                16,982    17,707    18,335       3.5    22,991    24,097    25,017       174
Tacoma, WA*                                                 15,573    16,531    17,420       5.4    23,490    24,455    25,289       166
Tallahassee, FL                                              6,084     6,524     6,825       4.6    23,550    25,177    26,252       137
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL                         57,336    60,882    64,120       5.3    25,769    27,006    28,145        92
Terre Haute, IN                                              2,991     3,155     3,286       4.1    20,049    21,226    22,170       269
Texarkana, TX-Texarkana, AR                                  2,499     2,572     2,680       4.2    20,293    20,940    21,811       281
Toledo, OH                                                  15,355    15,896    16,496       3.8    25,155    26,059    27,087       121
Topeka, KS                                                   4,114     4,337     4,507       3.9    24,282    25,457    26,394       134
Trenton, NJ*                                                11,631    12,441    13,230       6.3    35,260    37,531    39,626         9
Tucson, AZ                                                  16,809    18,049    19,215       6.5    21,587    22,837    23,911       214
Tulsa, OK                                                   19,477    21,140    21,740       2.8    25,468    27,219    27,654       103
Tuscaloosa, AL                                               3,349     3,587     3,746       4.4    20,947    22,314    23,207       244
Tyler, TX                                                    4,018     4,346     4,533       4.3    24,249    25,860    26,711       125
Utica-Rome, NY                                               6,277     6,556     6,806       3.8    21,101    22,246    23,225       242
Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA*                                 11,980    12,709    13,937       9.7    24,498    25,608    27,506       108
Ventura, CA*                                                19,689    20,591    22,083       7.2    27,265    28,124    29,639        65
Victoria, TX                                                 1,867     2,003     2,075       3.6    23,149    24,525    25,273       168
Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ*                            3,032     3,110     3,208       3.1    21,514    22,155    22,894       249
Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, CA                               6,182     6,598     6,929       5.0    17,654    18,609    19,329       309
Waco, TX                                                     4,241     4,498     4,755       5.7    20,956    22,135    23,281       237
Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV*                                   158,227   169,627   182,032       7.3    34,384    36,390    38,403        13
Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA                                     2,840     2,969     2,988        .6    23,407    24,551    24,905       179
Wausau, WI                                                   2,879     3,060     3,214       5.1    23,554    24,859    26,009       144
West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL                              39,883    42,145    43,978       4.3    39,304    40,803    41,907         5
Wheeling, WV-OH                                              3,168     3,327     3,440       3.4    20,309    21,418    22,349       267
Wichita, KS                                                 13,467    14,424    14,769       2.4    25,220    26,521    26,916       123
Wichita Falls, TX                                            3,065     3,208     3,331       3.8    22,390    23,453    24,406       201
Williamsport, PA                                             2,446     2,558     2,659       4.0    20,715    21,784    22,784       256
Wilmington-Newark, DE-MD*                                   16,487    17,788    19,067       7.2    29,484    31,488    33,368        29
Wilmington, NC                                               4,956     5,301     5,621       6.0    23,295    24,285    25,309       164
Yakima, WA                                                   4,334     4,524     4,595       1.6    20,047    20,674    20,811       296
Yolo, CA*                                                    3,866     4,034     4,206       4.3    25,519    26,315    27,037       122
York, PA                                                     9,085     9,556     9,931       3.9    24,497    25,572    26,370       135
Youngstown-Warren, OH                                       13,256    13,674    14,080       3.0    22,244    23,057    23,895       216
Yuba City, CA                                                2,571     2,703     2,942       8.8    18,822    19,727    21,313       291
Yuma, AZ                                                     2,216     2,459     2,502       1.8    17,172    18,639    18,452       311

  
  1. Per capita personal income was computed using Census Bureau midyear population estimates. Estimates for 1997–99 reflect county population estimates available as of March 2000.
  2. Percent change calculated from unrounded data.
  3. The personal income level shown for the United States is derived as the sum of the county estimates. It differs from the estimate of personal income in the national income and product accounts (NIPA's) because of differences in coverage, in the methodologies used to prepare the estimates, and in the timing of the availability of source data. In particular, it differs from the NIPA estimate because, by definition, it omits the earnings of Federal civilian and military personnel stationed abroad and of U.S. residents employed abroad temporarily by private U.S. firms.
  4. Includes Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas (PMSA's designated by *), and New England County Metropolitan Areas (NECMA's). The New Haven-Bridgeport-Stamford-Danbury-Waterbury, CT NECMA is presented as a PMSA (part of the New York CMSA).