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EMBARGOED UNTIL RELEASE AT 9:00 A.M. EDT, WEDNESDAY, July 23, 2003
Marian Sacks (202) 606–9274 (Estimates) BEA 03—28
G. Andrew Bernat Jr.: (202) 606–9235 (Analysis)
E-mail inquiries: RegRelease@bea.gov

 

State Personal Income: First Quarter 2003

Personal income growth accelerated in 39 states in the first quarter of 2003, according to estimates released today by the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. The number was up from the fourth quarter of 2002, when 32 states and the District of Columbia had faster growth, and was substantially higher than in the third quarter of 2002, when only 10 states had faster growth.

Personal income for the nation, which is only available in current dollars, grew 0.9 percent in the first quarter of 2003, up from increases of 0.6 percent and 0.5 percent in the last two quarters of 2002. The first quarter increase reflected an acceleration in net earnings, partly offset by a decline in dividends, interest, and rent (DIR). Transfer payments grew at the same rate as in the fourth quarter of 2002.

map of United States showing personal income percent change 2002:IV - 2003:I

Personal Income Growth by Component

Net earnings grew 1.1 percent in the first quarter of 2003 nationally, compared to 0.7 percent in the fourth quarter of 2002 and 0.6 percent in the third quarter. All states showed an increase in net earnings in the first quarter, with 34 states and the District of Columbia recording faster growth in the first quarter compared to the fourth. In contrast, only 25 states experienced an acceleration in net earnings growth in the fourth quarter.

Transfer payments grew at the same rate in the first quarter of 2003 as in the previous quarter. Thirty-three states experienced faster growth in transfer payments in the first quarter of 2003 compared to 42 states in the fourth quarter of 2002. Unemployment benefit payments, the most volatile component of transfer payments, declined 3.5 percent nationally, though a few states, notably North Dakota, Montana, and Maine, exhibited substantial growth. Together, all other transfer payments grew 1.9 percent.

Property income (dividends, interest and rent) declined 0.1 percent in the first quarter nationally, compared to declines of 0.4 percent and 0.2 percent in the last two quarters of 2002. A 1.7 percent growth in dividends was more than offset by declines in interest and rental income.

Earnings Growth by Industry

Nationally, earnings grew in every industry except durable goods manufacturing and information. Government accounted for 0.32 of the 1.1 percent growth in earnings. Education and health services, financial activities, and professional and business services together accounted for 0.47 percentage point of the first quarter growth in earnings. Earnings growth in government contributed the most to personal income growth in 26 states and the District of Columbia, while earnings growth in natural resources and mining, primarily farming, was the largest contributor in 13 states. Fast growth in farming was particularly important in the Plains states, notably North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas, all of which were among the ten fastest growing states. Education and health services was the leading growth industry in six states, and financial activities, construction, and professional and business services were the leading growth industries in the remaining six states.

Year to Year Trends in Quarterly State Personal Income Growth

Because quarter-to-quarter changes in state personal income are subject to large swings, it is also useful to look at the change in state personal income in the current quarter relative to the same quarter a year ago. Table 5 and the below chart show the year-to-year growth rates of quarterly state personal income from the first quarter of 2000 through the first quarter of 2003.

line graph showing growth in personal income from the same quarter a year earlier

U.S. personal income increased 3.4 percent from the first quarter of 2002 to the first quarter of 2003, up slightly from an increase of 3.3 percent in the previous four-quarter period. After peaking at an 8.7 percent annual increase in the third quarter of 2000, the annual change in U.S. personal income decelerated throughout 2001, bottoming out at 1.4 percent in the fourth quarter, when the trough of the 2001 recession occurred. The growth rates have increased in each quarter since the first quarter of 2002.

Similar patterns of growth are evident for the top- and bottom-growth quintile states, where the quintiles are based on ranks of first quarter 2003 income growth. Year-to-year growth in personal income has been higher in the top quintile states than in the bottom quintile states since the second quarter of 2001. In addition, the growth rate of the top quintile increased steadily in the past two quarters whereas the bottom quintile, and the nation, grew only slightly faster in the first quarter of 2003 than in the previous quarter.

For 21 states, year to year growth was higher in the first quarter of 2003 than in the fourth quarter of 2002. Year over year growth in the first quarter ranged from 7.4 percent in South Dakota to 1.5 percent in Connecticut.

 

Note on the State Estimates by Industry
Beginning with 2001, quarterly state estimates of wage and salary disbursements and of earnings by industry are based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Quarterly state estimates of earnings by industry for 1948-2001 are based on the Standard Industrial Classification System. A four-quarter overlap of the two industry classification systems has been provided. All of the estimates can be accessed at www.bea.gov.

Definitions

Personal income is the income received by all persons from participation in production, from government and business transfer payments, and from government interest. Personal income is the sum of net earnings by place of residence, rental income of persons, personal dividend income, personal interest income, and transfer payments. Net earnings is earnings by place of work (the sum of wage and salary disbursements (payrolls), other labor income, and proprietors' income) less personal contributions for social insurance, plus an adjustment to convert earnings by place of work to a place-of-residence basis. Personal income is measured before the deduction of personal income taxes and other personal taxes and is reported in current dollars (no adjustment is made for price changes).

The estimate of personal income in the United States is derived as the sum of the state estimates; it differs from the estimate of personal income in the national income and product accounts (NIPA's) because of differences in coverage, in the methodologies used to prepare the estimates, and in the timing of the availability of source data.

BEA groups all 50 states and the District of Columbia into eight distinct regions for purposes of data collecting and analyses: New England (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont); Mideast (Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania); Great Lakes (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin); Plains (Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota); Southeast (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia; Southwest (Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas); Rocky Mountain (Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Utah, and Wyoming); and Far West (Alaska, California, Hawaii, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington).

BEA's major national, regional, international, and industry estimates; the Survey of Current Business; and BEA news releases are available without charge on BEA's Web site:

Summary BEA estimates are available on recorded messages at the time of public release at the following telephone numbers:

        (202) 606-5306   Gross domestic product
              606-5303   Personal income and outlays
              606-5362   U.S. international transactions

Most of BEA's estimates and analyses are published in the Survey of Current Business, BEA's monthly journal. Subscriptions and single copies of the printed Survey are for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office. Internet: <bookstore.gpo.gov>; phone: 202-512-1800; fax: 202-512-2250; mail: SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-0001.


Next state personal income release — October 23, 2003, at 9:00 AM EDT for
State Personal Income, Second Quarter 2003.


                                         Table 1. Personal Income, by State and Region, 2002:I-2003:I
                                           [Millions of dollars, seasonally adjusted at annual rates]
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                   2002                       2003    Percent change from preceding quarter /1    Rank
                               ------------------------------------------  ---------  -----------------------------------------  2002:IV-
                                    I/r       II/r      III/r       IV/r       I/p       2002:II   2002:III  2002:IV   2003:I    2003:I
 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------  -----------------------------------------  --------
 United States ..............  8,772,204  8,881,691  8,927,635  8,982,839  9,066,660        1.2        0.5      0.6      0.9        ---

   New England
     Connecticut ............    147,269    148,249    148,840    148,486    149,514         .7         .4      -.2       .7         45
     Maine ..................     35,481     35,858     36,141     36,483     36,908        1.1         .8       .9      1.2         18
     Massachusetts ..........    247,765    252,257    251,714    252,127    253,786        1.8        -.2       .2       .7         46
     New Hampshire ..........     43,055     43,865     43,847     44,047     44,447        1.9        0         .5       .9         33
     Rhode Island ...........     32,779     33,202     33,467     33,659     34,129        1.3         .8       .6      1.4         12
     Vermont ................     17,900     18,093     18,238     18,439     18,733        1.1         .8      1.1      1.6          8

   Mideast
     Delaware ...............     25,929     26,090     26,175     26,143     26,418         .6         .3      -.1      1.1         24
     District of Columbia ...     24,204     24,677     24,768     25,393     25,475        2.0         .4      2.5       .3        ---
     Maryland ...............    194,304    196,862    198,005    199,454    202,136        1.3         .6       .7      1.3         13
     New Jersey .............    337,578    338,845    341,099    342,035    344,653         .4         .7       .3       .8         41
     New York ...............    676,590    686,279    685,909    687,503    691,855        1.4        -.1       .2       .6         47
     Pennsylvania ...........    386,067    389,692    392,285    394,198    397,745         .9         .7       .5       .9         34

   Great Lakes
     Illinois ...............    415,157    420,863    420,922    422,491    426,906        1.4        0         .4      1.0         25
     Indiana ................    171,072    173,169    174,777    176,538    178,427        1.2         .9      1.0      1.1         22
     Michigan ...............    295,932    304,930    306,682    307,437    309,724        3.0         .6       .2       .7         42
     Ohio ...................    330,130    334,343    336,601    338,255    340,769        1.3         .7       .5       .7         43
     Wisconsin ..............    160,906    162,839    163,937    165,182    166,801        1.2         .7       .8      1.0         27

   Plains
     Iowa ...................     81,814     82,375     82,803     83,577     84,623         .7         .5       .9      1.3         17
     Kansas .................     77,875     77,967     78,418     79,028     80,467         .1         .6       .8      1.8          6
     Minnesota ..............    167,189    169,755    171,656    171,969    173,557        1.5        1.1       .2       .9         31
     Missouri ...............    161,919    162,979    164,041    165,471    166,322         .7         .7       .9       .5         50
     Nebraska ...............     50,408     50,774     51,397     51,767     53,094         .7        1.2       .7      2.6          3
     North Dakota ...........     16,787     16,608     16,931     17,059     17,875       -1.1        1.9       .8      4.8          1
     South Dakota ...........     20,043     20,095     20,466     20,660     21,518         .3        1.8       .9      4.2          2

   Southeast
     Alabama ................    111,057    112,093    113,036    114,183    115,455         .9         .8      1.0      1.1         20
     Arkansas ...............     62,408     63,291     63,686     64,464     65,545        1.4         .6      1.2      1.7          7
     Florida ................    485,611    493,048    495,859    501,588    506,154        1.5         .6      1.2       .9         32
     Georgia ................    243,028    245,628    246,123    248,050    251,170        1.1         .2       .8      1.3         16
     Kentucky ...............    103,365    104,583    105,556    106,548    107,703        1.2         .9       .9      1.1         21
     Louisiana ..............    112,155    113,505    113,982    115,257    116,381        1.2         .4      1.1      1.0         28
     Mississippi ............     63,376     63,990     64,523     65,077     66,274        1.0         .8       .9      1.8          5
     North Carolina .........    227,740    228,855    229,994    230,836    233,200         .5         .5       .4      1.0         26
     South Carolina .........    102,912    104,156    104,718    105,420    106,015        1.2         .5       .7       .6         49
     Tennessee ..............    156,391    158,810    159,256    160,411    161,695        1.5         .3       .7       .8         39
     Virginia ...............    234,661    238,366    239,670    240,605    243,637        1.6         .5       .4      1.3         15
     West Virginia ..........     42,198     42,467     42,689     42,944     43,492         .6         .5       .6      1.3         14

   Southwest
     Arizona ................    140,528    142,215    143,274    144,881    146,119        1.2         .7      1.1       .9         36
     New Mexico .............     43,677     44,098     44,438     45,193     45,676        1.0         .8      1.7      1.1         23
     Oklahoma ...............     86,961     87,622     88,168     88,522     89,302         .8         .6       .4       .9         35
     Texas ..................    611,202    618,643    620,373    624,021    629,962        1.2         .3       .6      1.0         30

   Rocky Mountain
     Colorado ...............    147,880    149,421    149,961    150,665    151,774        1.0         .4       .5       .7         44
     Idaho ..................     33,294     33,221     33,695     34,129     34,638        -.2        1.4      1.3      1.5         10
     Montana ................     22,270     22,490     22,862     22,979     23,333        1.0        1.7       .5      1.5          9
     Utah ...................     55,522     55,771     55,952     56,568     57,108         .4         .3      1.1      1.0         29
     Wyoming ................     14,996     15,095     15,271     15,469     15,688         .7        1.2      1.3      1.4         11

   Far West
     Alaska .................     20,091     20,273     20,607     20,898     21,136         .9        1.6      1.4      1.1         19
     California .............  1,138,401  1,152,672  1,160,385  1,169,530  1,178,715        1.3         .7       .8       .8         40
     Hawaii .................     36,757     37,244     37,570     38,016     38,773        1.3         .9      1.2      2.0          4
     Nevada .................     64,384     65,121     65,891     66,889     67,429        1.1        1.2      1.5       .8         38
     Oregon .................     98,842    100,211    100,896    101,974    102,835        1.4         .7      1.1       .8         37
     Washington .............    194,342    198,138    200,086    200,319    201,570        2.0        1.0       .1       .6         48

 BEA regions
   New England ..............    524,249    531,524    532,245    533,241    537,516        1.4         .1       .2       .8        ---
   Mideast ..................  1,644,672  1,662,445  1,668,240  1,674,725  1,688,282        1.1         .3       .4       .8        ---
   Great Lakes ..............  1,373,198  1,396,144  1,402,919  1,409,904  1,422,627        1.7         .5       .5       .9        ---
   Plains ...................    576,036    580,552    585,711    589,532    597,455         .8         .9       .7      1.3        ---
   Southeast ................  1,944,902  1,968,792  1,979,094  1,995,385  2,016,722        1.2         .5       .8      1.1        ---
   Southwest ................    882,369    892,577    896,253    902,617    911,058        1.2         .4       .7       .9        ---
   Rocky Mountain ...........    273,963    275,997    277,739    279,810    282,541         .7         .6       .7      1.0        ---
   Far West .................  1,552,816  1,573,659  1,585,435  1,597,627  1,610,458        1.3         .7       .8       .8        ---
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   r Revised.
   p Preliminary.
   1. Percent changes are expressed at quarterly rates.
   Note: Estimates may not add to totals due to rounding.
   Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis


                             Table 2. Personal Income by Component, by State and Region, 2002:IV-2003:I
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                                                                    Contribution to percent
                                            Percent change                         change in personal income         Dollar change (millions)
                                                                                      (percentage points)
                                -------------------------------------              --------------------------  ------------------------------------
                                                      Divi-             Percent               Divi-                                 Divi-
                                                      dends,   Trans-   change in             dends,   Trans-                       dends,   Trans-
                                Personal    Net       inter-   fer      personal     Net      inter-   fer     Personal    Net      inter-   fer
                                income      earn-     est,     pay-     income       earn-    est,     pay-    income      earn-    est,     pay-
                                            ings/1    and      ments                 ings/1   and      ments               ings/1   and      ments
                                                      rent                                    rent                                  rent
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 United States ..............        0.9       1.1     -0.1      1.6          0.9      0.71    -0.02     0.24    83,820    63,606   -1,487   21,701

   New England
     Connecticut ............         .7        .7      -.1      1.7           .7       .51     -.03      .21     1,028       760      -38      305
     Maine ..................        1.2        .9      0        3.4          1.2       .56      .00      .60       425       204        1      220
     Massachusetts ..........         .7        .7      -.1      1.4           .7       .48     -.01      .19     1,659     1,221      -38      476
     New Hampshire ..........         .9       1.0      -.3      2.3           .9       .70     -.05      .26       401       306      -22      116
     Rhode Island ...........        1.4       1.3      -.2      3.4          1.4       .79     -.04      .64       470       267      -13      217
     Vermont ................        1.6       1.4       .1      4.4          1.6       .88      .02      .70       294       161        3      129

   Mideast
     Delaware ...............        1.1       1.0      -.2      3.2          1.1       .65     -.04      .44       275       169      -10      116
     District of Columbia ...         .3        .4      -.2       .7           .3       .28     -.04      .08        82        72      -11       21
     Maryland ...............        1.3       1.6      -.1      2.1          1.3      1.13     -.02      .23     2,682     2,263      -32      451
     New Jersey .............         .8        .8      0        1.6           .8       .58     -.01      .20     2,618     1,971      -27      673
     New York ...............         .6        .7      0        1.1           .6       .45      .00      .18     4,353     3,115      -31    1,269
     Pennsylvania ...........         .9        .8      -.2      2.5           .9       .49     -.03      .44     3,547     1,947     -116    1,716

   Great Lakes
     Illinois ...............        1.0       1.2      0        1.7          1.0       .83      .01      .21     4,416     3,520       28      867
     Indiana ................        1.1        .8       .1      3.5          1.1       .52      .02      .53     1,888       919       40      929
     Michigan ...............         .7        .4      0        3.2           .7       .24      .00      .51     2,286       729        1    1,556
     Ohio ...................         .7        .7      -.2      2.1           .7       .45     -.03      .33     2,515     1,508     -115    1,122
     Wisconsin ..............        1.0        .7      0        3.7          1.0       .46      .00      .52     1,619       766       -7      859

   Plains
     Iowa ...................        1.3       1.1      0        3.5          1.3       .73      .01      .51     1,046       613        7      427
     Kansas .................        1.8       2.2       .1      2.4          1.8      1.46      .01      .35     1,439     1,153        9      277
     Minnesota ..............         .9        .7       .2      3.3           .9       .48      .04      .41     1,588       823       62      702
     Missouri ...............         .5        .3      -.2      2.0           .5       .22     -.03      .32       851       368      -55      537
     Nebraska ...............        2.6       3.4       .2      2.5          2.6      2.17      .04      .35     1,326     1,123       23      180
     North Dakota ...........        4.8       6.6      0        4.0          4.8      4.10      .01      .67       815       700        1      114
     South Dakota ...........        4.2       6.0       .2      2.6          4.2      3.72      .04      .39       858       768        9       81

   Southeast
     Alabama ................        1.1       1.3      -.2      1.7          1.1       .83     -.03      .31     1,272       952      -37      356
     Arkansas ...............        1.7       2.1      -.1      1.9          1.7      1.30     -.01      .39     1,081       841       -9      249
     Florida ................         .9       1.1      0        1.4           .9       .67      .01      .23     4,566     3,373       45    1,149
     Georgia ................        1.3       1.6      0        1.1          1.3      1.12     -.01      .14     3,119     2,779      -18      359
     Kentucky ...............        1.1       1.0      0        2.5          1.1       .62      .00      .47     1,155       662       -4      496
     Louisiana ..............        1.0       1.0      -.1      1.8          1.0       .62     -.01      .36     1,124       714      -10      420
     Mississippi ............        1.8       2.2      0        2.1          1.8      1.39      .00      .45     1,197       903        1      293
     North Carolina .........        1.0       1.5      -.2       .7          1.0       .96     -.04      .11     2,364     2,212      -95      247
     South Carolina .........         .6        .3      -.1      2.3           .6       .19     -.02      .40       595       201      -23      417
     Tennessee ..............         .8        .7      -.5      2.2           .8       .49     -.08      .39     1,284       782     -121      623
     Virginia ...............        1.3       1.5      -.3      2.0          1.3      1.08     -.05      .22     3,033     2,611     -113      535
     West Virginia ..........        1.3       1.3      -.3      2.4          1.3       .74     -.05      .58       548       318      -20      250

   Southwest
     Arizona ................         .9        .9      -.1      2.0           .9       .58     -.03      .30     1,238       842      -40      436
     New Mexico .............        1.1       1.0      -.1      2.4          1.1       .67     -.02      .41       483       305       -9      187
     Oklahoma ...............         .9        .9      -.1      1.8           .9       .57     -.01      .32       780       507       -8      281
     Texas ..................        1.0       1.2      -.2      1.1          1.0       .84     -.03      .14     5,941     5,268     -173      846

   Rocky Mountain
     Colorado ...............         .7        .9      0        1.1           .7       .63      .00      .10     1,109       950        1      158
     Idaho ..................        1.5       1.3      0        4.1          1.5       .87      .01      .61       509       298        3      208
     Montana ................        1.5       1.6      0        3.3          1.5      1.00     -.01      .54       353       230       -2      125
     Utah ...................        1.0       1.0      -.2      2.1          1.0       .74     -.03      .25       540       418      -19      141
     Wyoming ................        1.4       1.6       .4      2.7          1.4       .99      .09      .34       219       153       14       52

   Far West
     Alaska .................        1.1       1.0      -.1      3.0          1.1       .65     -.01      .50       238       136       -2      105
     California .............         .8       1.2      -.2      -.1           .8       .83     -.03     -.01     9,185     9,743     -388     -169
     Hawaii .................        2.0       2.6      -.1      1.5          2.0      1.82     -.01      .18       757       693       -5       69
     Nevada .................         .8       1.0      -.2      1.6           .8       .68     -.05      .18       540       455      -33      118
     Oregon .................         .8       1.1      -.1      1.0           .8       .72     -.03      .16       860       730      -31      162
     Washington .............         .6        .8      -.2       .8           .6       .54     -.03      .11     1,251     1,084      -60      227

 BEA regions
   New England ..............         .8        .8      -.1      2.0           .8       .55     -.02      .27     4,276     2,919     -106    1,464
   Mideast ..................         .8        .9      -.1      1.7           .8       .57     -.01      .25    13,557     9,537     -228    4,247
   Great Lakes ..............         .9        .8      0        2.6           .9       .53      .00      .38    12,724     7,442      -53    5,334
   Plains ...................        1.3       1.4      0        2.7          1.3       .94      .01      .39     7,923     5,548       57    2,318
   Southeast ................        1.1       1.3      -.1      1.7          1.1       .82     -.02      .27    21,337    16,348     -405    5,394
   Southwest ................         .9       1.1      -.2      1.4           .9       .77     -.03      .19     8,441     6,922     -230    1,749
   Rocky Mountain ...........        1.0       1.0      0        2.1          1.0       .73      .00      .24     2,731     2,050       -2      684
   Far West .................         .8       1.2      -.2       .2           .8       .80     -.03      .03    12,831    12,840     -520      511
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   1. Net earnings is earnings by place of work-the sum of wage and salary disbursements (payrolls), other labor income, and proprietors'
 income-less personal contributions for social insurance plus an adjustment to convert earnings by place of work to a place-of-residence basis.
   Note: Estimates may not add to totals because of rounding.
   Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis


                                            Table 3. Earnings by Major Industry, by State and Region, 2002:IV-2003:I 
 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                  Percent change
                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                      Earnings by industry
                                           -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                               Nondur-                                           Pro-
                              Earnings     Natural                 Durable     able              Transpor-                       fessional
                              by place     resources   Con-        goods       goods      Trade  tation      Infor-  Financial   and        Education   Leisure
                              of work /1   and mining  struction   manu-       manu-             and         mation  activities  business   and health  and hos-   Other     Govern-
                                                                   facturing   facturing         utilities                       services   services    pitality   services  ment
 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 United States ..............        1.1         5.3        1.4        -0.2         0.6    0.3        0.8     -0.3         1.6       0.9         1.7        0.3         0.8    1.9

   New England
     Connecticut ............         .8         4.1        -.3         -.6          .4     .5        1.4       .6         1.2        .9         1.4        0           1.0    1.1
     Maine ..................         .9         2.5        1.0         -.5        -2.9     .1        -.2       .1          .8        .9         2.0         .4         1.1    2.6
     Massachusetts ..........         .7         -.6        -.3         -.3         1.3     .7         .8      -.4         1.8       0           1.8        1.1         1.3     .8
     New Hampshire ..........        1.1         -.7        2.5        -2.6         0      -.3         .9      -.8         1.6       1.9         2.3         .9         1.9    3.8
     Rhode Island ...........        1.4         1.8        2.6         -.1          .6     .9        3.1      1.4         1.8        .5         2.2         .3         2.0    1.6
     Vermont ................        1.5        -9.8        4.9         -.6         1.5    1.1        3.4      1.2         1.1        .1         1.9        -.2         2.6    3.3

   Mideast
     Delaware ...............         .9       109.2         .1        -8.6        -1.0    1.2        2.3       .5         1.8       1.0         1.6       -1.0          .9     .4
     District of Columbia ...        2.1       -15.1       -4.0        -2.1        -2.2    -.2        -.9    ---/2          .4       2.5          .3      ---/2         -.9    4.8
     Maryland ...............        1.5         6.9        0            .2         2.6    1.0         .6       .9         1.8       1.6         2.1        0           3.0    1.8
     New Jersey .............         .9         6.4        1.9          .7          .9    0           .8       .2         1.3        .9         1.5       -1.9         1.7    1.5
     New York ...............         .7        -2.0        1.6        -1.3          .2     .7        1.5     -2.0         1.5        .2         1.6         .3         1.2    1.2
     Pennsylvania ...........         .8        -3.2        1.4         -.7         -.1    -.1        0         .3         1.7       0           2.1         .5         1.2    2.1

   Great Lakes
     Illinois ...............        1.3        15.5        3.4          .9          .3     .6         .2       .6         1.7       2.1         1.8       -1.3        -1.1     .6
     Indiana ................         .8        27.2         .9          .3         1.0    -.1        1.8       .3         2.0      -1.9         1.6       -1.4          .6    1.4
     Michigan ...............         .4       -19.1        2.4        -1.1         1.4    0           .8      1.5         1.0        .5         1.9         .7          .1     .6
     Ohio ...................         .7         6.1        -.1         -.7         1.5    -.2        1.0       .1         1.6       1.1         1.8         .1         0      1.1
     Wisconsin ..............         .8       -30.3       -3.1          .4         2.3    1.6        2.4       .9         1.7       1.6         2.1         .9         2.9    -.1

   Plains
     Iowa ...................        1.1         5.4        1.4          .6          .3     .8         .3       .5         1.3        .2         1.7         .3         1.3    1.4
     Kansas .................        2.3        49.1        2.6         -.4         1.1     .9        1.7       .4         2.0        .7         2.0        0            .1    2.9
     Minnesota ..............         .8       -15.4        1.3          .7         1.6    -.5         .5       .6          .7       1.0         3.8        1.1          .3     .6
     Missouri ...............         .3        -7.1        1.5         -.4          .6     .1        -.1       .1         2.0      -1.0         -.3        1.5         1.6    1.1
     Nebraska ...............        3.2        56.8        2.9         -.6          .8     .5        -.1      -.3         3.8        .8         1.7       -1.7         -.1    2.1
     North Dakota ...........        6.0       111.6        -.2         1.8         0       .3        0        3.3         3.2        .9         2.4         .4          .9    2.2
     South Dakota ...........        5.6       137.0         .2          .1         2.2    -.1        1.8      1.2         2.1        .8         1.5         .3         2.3    1.1

   Southeast
     Alabama ................        1.3       ---/2        1.9         -.1          .9     .7        -.4       .9         1.5        .5         2.2      ---/2         1.4    2.0
     Arkansas ...............        2.0        26.5         .5          .4         1.5     .1        1.9       .8         1.1        .5         2.2         .8          .5    1.8
     Florida ................        1.2         3.1         .8          .3         -.6     .3         .1      -.5         1.8       1.4         1.3         .1         1.4    2.8
     Georgia ................        1.6        13.5        4.0          .6        -1.3     .7        1.4       .2         1.3       2.0         2.0        1.0          .8    2.5
     Kentucky ...............        1.1        -8.2        3.4         1.4          .2     .1        1.7       .3         2.4        .2         1.8        2.9         -.8    2.0
     Louisiana ..............        1.0         -.3         .3         -.2          .2    1.8        1.0      1.8          .7        .3         2.2         .2          .7    1.6
     Mississippi ............        2.2        44.8        1.3         -.2         1.0    1.0        2.2       .8         1.6      -1.1         1.2       -1.0         1.3    2.3
     North Carolina .........        1.5        18.7       -1.0         -.6         -.2     .9      ---/2    ---/2         2.0       2.8         1.2         .2          .2    2.7
     South Carolina .........         .3        -1.7         .2        -2.7         -.1    -.5        3.5       .9         0        -1.2          .4       -1.0          .5    2.7
     Tennessee ..............         .8       -35.1        -.8          .1          .5    0         -1.1      -.3         2.0       1.3         2.7         .9          .7    2.6
     Virginia ...............        1.4        -6.5       -1.2         1.5         -.1     .4        1.3       .7         1.6       1.2         1.4        -.7         1.4    3.6
     West Virginia ..........        1.3        -1.5        8.0        -1.6         -.5    1.3        1.6     -1.3         1.5       2.6         1.8        1.5         1.6    1.0

   Southwest
     Arizona ................         .9        -5.4        2.5         -.4          .9     .4        2.3      0           1.4        .5         2.4         .6         1.2    1.0
     New Mexico .............        1.1        -2.3        2.8          .4         -.2    1.3       -1.6       .9         2.3       -.9         2.6         .9         1.9    1.8
     Oklahoma ...............         .9        -2.6        2.7         -.5         1.1    -.2        3.0     -1.6         1.2       1.8          .6        -.3         2.0    2.1
     Texas ..................        1.2         1.3        2.1          .2         1.4     .1         .3       .1         1.4       1.0         2.5         .2          .7    2.3

   Rocky Mountain
     Colorado ...............         .9         8.3         .1        -1.9          .7    -.3         .4       .2         3.0        .3         1.0        1.7         -.8    2.0
     Idaho ..................        1.3         9.2        2.0        -2.6        -1.5    -.4         .4      -.5         2.1       1.6         2.1        1.4        -1.0    1.8
     Montana ................        1.6        27.0        1.2          .7          .4    -.5        0        2.6          .6        .4         1.3         .2         0      -.5
     Utah ...................        1.1         3.2       -2.0        -1.2         1.6    0          1.0      4.6         2.5       1.4         1.3        0           1.7    2.1
     Wyoming ................        1.6         4.9        2.7         1.0        -2.4     .9      ---/2    ---/2         1.5      -1.3          .9         .6       ---/2    1.9

   Far West
     Alaska .................        1.0       ---/2        -.3       ---/2       ---/2    1.1         .9     -2.9         1.4       -.5         1.2        -.8       ---/2    2.5
     California .............        1.3         7.5        2.8         -.1         1.2     .4         .6      -.4         1.6       1.2         1.2         .9          .7    2.1
     Hawaii .................        2.7          .5        4.0       ---/2       ---/2     .6        1.3       .4         1.1       1.3         3.1         .7          .8    5.2
     Nevada .................        1.0        -5.0        1.8         1.8         -.5     .6        1.3     -1.8         1.5       -.7         2.4        1.2         1.4    2.0
     Oregon .................        1.2        11.6       -1.5          .2         -.9     .6         .6      0           2.4       1.0         2.3         .5         2.2    1.2
     Washington .............         .8         8.5        1.2         -.9          .6     .2        1.1     -3.7         1.5       1.4         2.0        0           1.6    1.7

 BEA regions
   New England ..............         .8          .1         .4         -.6          .5     .5        1.2      0           1.6        .4         1.8         .6         1.4    1.4
   Mideast ..................         .9        -2.7        1.3         -.7          .4     .4         .8    ---/2         1.5        .6         1.7      ---/2         1.3    1.9
   Great Lakes ..............         .8         2.9        1.3         -.2         1.2     .3        1.0       .7         1.6       1.1         1.8        -.3          .1     .8
   Plains ...................        1.4        26.0        1.6          .2         1.0     .2         .4       .3         1.6        .2         1.8         .7          .8    1.4
   Southeast ................        1.3       ---/2         .9          .1         -.1     .5      ---/2    ---/2         1.6       1.3         1.6      ---/2          .9    2.6
   Southwest ................        1.1          .3        2.3         0           1.3     .2         .7      0           1.4        .9         2.3         .3          .9    2.1
   Rocky Mountain ...........        1.1         9.2         .2        -1.7          .4    -.2      ---/2    ---/2         2.6        .6         1.2        1.1       ---/2    1.8
   Far West .................        1.2       ---/2        2.3         -.2         1.0     .4         .7     -1.0         1.6       1.1         1.5         .8       ---/2    2.1
 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   1. Earnings by place of work is the sum of wage and salary disbursements (payrolls), other labor income, and proprietors' income.
   2. Data are suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information.
   Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
      Underlying detail is available in an aggregated table.


                                 Table 4. Contributions to Percent Change in Earnings, by State and Region, 2002:IV-2003:I
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                        Percent change
                             ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                           Earnings by industry
                                       --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                          Nondur-                                           Pro-
                             Earnings  Natural                Durable     able              Transpor-                       fessional  Education  Leisure
                             by place  resources   Con-       goods       goods             tation      Infor-  Financial   and        and        and hos-  Other     Govern-
                             of work/1 and mining  struction  manu-       manu-      Trade  and         mation  activities  business   health     pitality  services  ment
                                                              facturing   facturing         utilities                       services   services
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 United States ..............     1.1      0.09        0.09      -0.02        0.03   0.04       0.04    -0.01        0.14       0.14       0.19      0.02      0.02     0.32

   New England
     Connecticut ............      .8       .01        -.02       -.06         .02    .06        .04      .02         .21        .15        .17       .00       .02      .15
     Maine ..................      .9       .04         .06       -.04        -.18    .02       -.01      .00         .06        .10        .31       .02       .03      .49
     Massachusetts ..........      .7       .00        -.02       -.03         .04    .07        .02     -.02         .23        .00        .27       .04       .03      .10
     New Hampshire ..........     1.1       .00         .18       -.30         .00   -.05        .02     -.02         .13        .23        .31       .05       .06      .48
     Rhode Island ...........     1.4       .01         .15       -.01         .03    .10        .10      .05         .18        .06        .37       .01       .05      .30
     Vermont ................     1.5      -.15         .32       -.08         .05    .14        .13      .03         .07        .01        .29      -.01       .07      .57

   Mideast
     Delaware ...............      .9       .47         .01       -.41        -.06    .13        .07      .01         .22        .21        .17      -.04       .02      .07
     District of Columbia ...     2.1      -.49        -.06        .00         .00    .00       -.01    ---/2         .02        .63        .03     ---/2      -.06     1.92
     Maryland ...............     1.5       .03         .00        .01         .07    .11        .02      .03         .15        .26        .24       .00       .09      .44
     New Jersey .............      .9       .02         .10        .03         .05   -.01        .03      .01         .14        .17        .16      -.07       .04      .21
     New York ...............      .9      -.01         .07       -.06         .00    .07        .05     -.13         .29        .03        .20       .01       .03      .18
     Pennsylvania ...........      .8      -.03         .09       -.06        -.01   -.01        .00      .01         .14        .00        .32       .02       .04      .29

   Great Lakes
     Illinois ...............     1.3       .14         .22        .08         .02    .07        .01      .02         .18        .36        .19      -.05      -.03      .09
     Indiana ................      .8       .22         .06        .05         .07   -.01        .09      .01         .12       -.17        .19      -.06       .02      .20
     Michigan ...............      .4      -.12         .14       -.20         .05    .00        .03      .04         .06        .08        .20       .02       .00      .09
     Ohio ...................      .7       .04        -.01       -.09         .08   -.02        .04      .00         .11        .14        .21       .01       .00      .18
     Wisconsin ..............      .8      -.26        -.20        .06         .19    .20        .10      .02         .12        .17        .26       .03       .08     -.02

   Plains
     Iowa ...................     1.1       .24         .09        .07         .02    .10        .02      .01         .12        .02        .19       .01       .04      .22
     Kansas .................     2.3       .97         .16       -.04         .06    .12        .08      .02         .14        .08        .21       .00       .00      .54
     Minnesota ..............      .8      -.23         .08        .07         .08   -.07        .02      .02         .07        .15        .44       .04       .01      .08
     Missouri ...............      .3      -.05         .10       -.03         .03    .01        .00      .00         .15       -.14       -.04       .07       .05      .17
     Nebraska ...............     3.2      2.03         .20       -.03         .05    .07       -.01     -.01         .30        .09        .19      -.06       .00      .38
     North Dakota ...........     6.0      4.65        -.01        .09         .00    .05        .00      .09         .20        .07        .34       .01       .03      .52
     South Dakota ...........     5.6      4.67         .02        .01         .07   -.01        .07      .02         .17        .06        .22       .02       .07      .22

   Southeast
     Alabama ................     1.3     ---/2         .13       -.01         .06    .09       -.02      .02         .09        .05        .23     ---/2       .05      .42
     Arkansas ...............     2.0       .99         .03        .04         .12    .01        .13      .02         .06        .05        .25       .03       .01      .32
     Florida ................     1.2       .04         .05        .01        -.01    .05        .00     -.02         .17        .23        .15       .01       .05      .47
     Georgia ................     1.6       .16         .23        .03        -.08    .10        .08      .02         .10        .30        .18       .04       .02      .43
     Kentucky ...............     1.1      -.26         .20        .17         .01    .01        .10      .01         .14        .01        .21       .12      -.02      .39
     Louisiana ..............     1.0      -.02         .02       -.01         .01    .20        .06      .04         .04        .03        .24       .01       .02      .34
     Mississippi ............     2.2      1.25         .08       -.02         .05    .12        .11      .01         .08       -.09        .12      -.06       .04      .53
     North Carolina .........     1.5       .31        -.06       -.05        -.02    .11      ---/2    ---/2         .14        .35        .12       .01       .01      .52
     South Carolina .........      .3      -.02         .01       -.24        -.01   -.06        .14      .02         .00       -.13        .04      -.05       .01      .56
     Tennessee ..............      .8      -.24        -.04        .01         .03   -.01       -.06     -.01         .14        .17        .36       .05       .02      .37
     Virginia ...............     1.4      -.06        -.08        .07         .00    .04        .05      .03         .10        .24        .12      -.02       .04      .89
     West Virginia ..........     1.3      -.08         .46       -.11        -.03    .15        .08     -.03         .07        .22        .26       .07       .05      .24

   Southwest
     Arizona ................      .9      -.10         .21       -.04         .01    .05        .09      .00         .14        .08        .24       .04       .03      .18
     New Mexico .............     1.1      -.12         .18        .02         .00    .14       -.06      .02         .11       -.12        .26       .04       .05      .54
     Oklahoma ...............      .9      -.16         .14       -.04         .07   -.02        .17     -.05         .07        .19        .06      -.01       .06      .46
     Texas ..................     1.2       .07         .14        .01         .06    .02        .02      .01         .12        .13        .23       .01       .02      .37

   Rocky Mountain
     Colorado ...............      .9       .18         .01       -.11         .01   -.03        .02      .01         .28        .05        .08       .09      -.02      .34
     Idaho ..................     1.3       .58         .18       -.24        -.06   -.05        .01     -.01         .11        .21        .20       .06      -.03      .33
     Montana ................     1.6      1.33         .09        .02         .01   -.07        .00      .06         .03        .04        .17       .01       .00     -.11
     Utah ...................     1.1       .05        -.14       -.09         .05    .00        .05      .16         .19        .19        .12       .00       .06      .42
     Wyoming ................     1.6       .69         .24        .02        -.06    .10      ---/2    ---/2         .07       -.11        .07       .04     ---/2      .47

   Far West
     Alaska .................     1.0     ---/2        -.03      ---/2       ---/2    .09        .07     -.08         .06       -.04        .10      -.04     ---/2      .81
     California .............     1.3       .12         .18       -.01         .04    .05        .02     -.02         .14        .21        .11       .05       .02      .35
     Hawaii .................     2.7       .01         .26      ---/2       ---/2    .06        .06      .01         .07        .16        .32       .07       .02     1.60
     Nevada .................     1.0      -.08         .21        .05        -.01    .07        .05     -.04         .11       -.09        .18       .25       .03      .30
     Oregon .................     1.2       .31        -.10        .02        -.03    .08        .03      .00         .16        .13        .26       .02       .06      .20
     Washington .............      .8       .18         .08       -.08         .02    .02        .04     -.30         .10        .18        .19       .00       .04      .34

 BEA regions
   New England ..............      .8       .00         .02       -.06         .02    .06        .03      .00         .20        .07        .26       .03       .03      .20
   Mideast ..................      .9      -.02         .07       -.04         .02    .04        .03    ---/2         .20        .10        .22     ---/2       .04      .31
   Great Lakes ..............      .8       .02         .08       -.03         .07    .04        .04      .02         .12        .16        .20      -.01       .00      .11
   Plains ...................     1.4       .54         .10        .02         .05    .02        .02      .01         .14        .03        .21       .03       .02      .23
   Southeast ................     1.3     ---/2         .06        .00         .00    .06      ---/2    ---/2         .11        .18        .18     ---/2       .03      .50
   Southwest ................     1.1       .01         .15        .00         .05    .02        .04      .00         .12        .11        .22       .01       .02      .36
   Rocky Mountain ...........     1.1       .31         .01       -.10         .01   -.02      ---/2    ---/2         .21        .09        .11       .06     ---/2      .33
   Far West .................     1.2     ---/2         .15       -.01         .03    .05        .03     -.06         .13        .18        .14       .05     ---/2      .38
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   1. Earnings by place of work is the sum of wage and salary disbursements (payrolls), other labor income, and proprietors' income.
   2. Data are suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information.
   Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
      Underlying detail is available in an aggregated table.


                                                       Table 5. Year over year growth, by State, 2000:I-2003:I
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                           Percent change from same quarter a year earlier
                          -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                          2000:I   2000:II  2000:III 2000:IV  2001:I   2001:II  2001:III 2001:IV  2002:I   2002:II  2002:II  2002:IV  2003:I
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 United States...........     7.3      8.1      8.7      7.7      5.5      3.9      2.5      1.4      1.4      2.5      2.7      3.3      3.4
  Highest Quintile
  North Dakota...........     8.2      8.8      9.5      5.3      3.7      1.9      2.4      2.1      3.0      1.3      2.4      3.7      6.5
  South Dakota...........     7.4      6.4      5.6      3.9      3.2      3.0      3.6      3.2      0.9      0.0      0.9      1.5      7.4
  Nebraska...............     5.4      6.1      5.7      3.2      5.3      4.3      3.7      3.8      2.6      2.6      3.0      3.4      5.3
  Hawaii.................     4.8      6.0      4.8      6.0      5.4      3.4      3.8      1.9      3.6      5.0      4.9      6.3      5.5
  Mississippi............     4.9      5.7      5.1      3.9      4.9      3.7      3.4      3.7      3.2      3.6      3.9      4.2      4.6

  Kansas.................     4.4      6.5      7.7      3.6      6.3      4.0      2.7      3.1      2.1      1.8      1.4      2.4      3.3
  Arkansas...............     5.2      5.3      6.5      4.6      4.9      4.3      3.2      3.8      2.9      3.6      3.5      4.1      5.0
  Vermont................     7.3      8.3      7.0      7.7      6.9      5.3      5.3      3.5      2.6      2.7      3.1      3.9      4.7
  Montana................     6.0      6.4      9.0      6.2      6.3      5.6      5.0      3.0      3.5      3.5      3.8      5.4      4.8
  Idaho..................     8.1      8.7      8.1      6.6      5.0      4.1      3.8      2.4      3.8      2.6      3.6      5.0      4.0
  Fourth Quintile
  Wyoming................     6.0      6.8      6.5      7.7      5.9      6.0      6.6      4.8      5.1      4.0      3.6      3.8      4.6
  Rhode Island...........     6.4      7.1      7.1      7.0      5.7      4.7      4.1      2.8      3.0      4.0      3.8      4.3      4.1
  Maryland...............     7.2      7.9      8.4      8.8      6.7      5.9      4.6      2.9      3.2      3.7      3.8      4.3      4.0
  West Virginia..........     4.5      5.7      5.4      5.4      5.2      4.3      4.3      3.7      3.8      3.4      3.2      3.2      3.1
  Virginia...............     6.3      9.0      9.3      8.6      7.1      6.3      3.9      2.6      1.6      1.9      3.0      3.1      3.8

  Georgia................     7.9      8.6      9.1      7.9      5.2      4.1      3.1      2.1      2.1      2.7      2.2      2.9      3.4
  Iowa...................     6.4      8.0      6.9      5.2      4.3      2.5      2.2      1.8      3.1      3.4      3.3      4.4      3.4
  Maine..................     7.7      7.7      5.8      7.4      6.8      5.0      4.4      3.7      3.6      4.3      4.5      5.0      4.0
  Alaska.................     6.4      6.7      8.0      6.3      4.6      5.2      4.5      3.9      3.9      3.1      4.1      5.3      5.2
  Alabama................     5.0      5.3      5.1      4.7      4.7      3.9      3.7      2.6      2.3      2.5      2.9      4.0      4.0
  Third Quintile
  Kentucky...............     7.8      7.9      8.2      6.9      4.1      3.4      3.0      1.9      2.9      3.6      3.7      4.8      4.2
  Indiana................     6.5      7.3      7.6      4.9      3.6      2.4      1.7      2.2      1.7      2.9      3.4      4.5      4.3
  New Mexico.............     4.6      5.3      5.6      5.4      6.9      6.0      6.7      6.2      5.4      5.0      4.2      5.1      4.6
  Delaware...............     5.8      8.0      8.2      8.5      6.5      5.7      4.8      2.3      2.7      1.9      1.3      1.4      1.9
  Illinois...............     6.6      7.2      8.4      7.7      5.3      3.3      2.2      0.5      0.4      2.2      1.6      2.4      2.8

  North Carolina.........     6.5      7.2      9.4      7.1      5.2      3.5      2.0      1.1      1.7      2.1      2.6      3.0      2.4
  Wisconsin..............     6.2      6.6      6.6      5.7      4.9      3.6      3.2      2.1      2.7      3.5      3.4      4.1      3.7
  Louisiana..............     4.1      4.6      5.3      4.5      5.4      5.1      5.8      5.6      4.5      4.5      3.4      3.8      3.8
  Utah...................     7.4      7.7      7.3      7.0      5.2      4.7      4.1      3.1      2.6      1.8      1.7      2.6      2.9
  Texas..................     8.3      8.9      9.8      8.0      6.5      4.1      2.6      1.8      0.4      2.1      1.8      2.3      3.1
  Second Quintile
  Minnesota..............     7.0      8.1      9.0      8.2      6.3      4.1      2.8      1.4      1.9      3.1      4.0      4.0      3.8
  Florida................     6.1      6.8      7.6      7.9      5.9      5.1      4.2      2.8      3.3      3.8      3.7      4.7      4.2
  New Hampshire..........    12.1     11.2     11.0     10.4      6.0      4.9      2.9      1.0      0.3      2.6      2.6      3.1      3.2
  Pennsylvania...........     6.0      6.7      7.4      7.1      5.4      4.0      3.2      1.4      2.6      3.2      3.2      3.9      3.0
  Oklahoma...............     5.6      6.8      8.2      7.4      6.5      4.8      3.6      2.6      1.5      1.5      1.4      1.5      2.7

  Arizona................    10.4      8.1      8.9      8.5      5.0      5.9      5.2      3.2      3.7      3.8      3.3      4.9      4.0
  Oregon.................     7.2      7.6      8.1      5.9      4.7      3.0      1.6      1.4      0.9      2.3      2.8      4.1      4.0
  Nevada.................     7.3      9.1      9.4      8.1      7.1      5.7      5.3      2.3      3.0      2.7      3.2      6.1      4.7
  Tennessee..............     6.7      6.3      6.6      5.6      3.8      3.2      2.5      1.7      2.3      3.2      2.8      3.7      3.4
  California.............     9.9     10.3     12.5      9.6      5.9      4.1      0.5      0.3      0.5      2.0      2.9      3.7      3.5
  Lowest Quintile
  New Jersey.............     7.3     10.8     11.5     11.1      6.5      3.5      2.7      0.8      3.4      3.3      3.4      3.5      2.1
  Michigan...............     6.8      6.4      6.1      4.8      1.6      1.4      1.2      0.9      0.0      3.0      3.2      3.6      4.7
  Ohio...................     5.5      5.2      5.4      4.0      2.4      2.5      2.3      1.8      1.7      2.4      2.5      3.1      3.2
  Colorado...............     9.5     11.7     13.7     10.7      9.0      4.6      1.4     -0.1     -0.7      0.7      1.2      2.2      2.6
  Connecticut............     7.7      8.6      8.5      8.4      6.3      3.9      1.8     -0.1      0.6      1.6      2.4      2.7      1.5

  Massachusetts..........    11.4     11.3     12.3     10.8      6.3      4.4      1.1     -0.3     -1.2      1.4      1.4      1.9      2.4
  New York...............     5.5      8.3      7.7     10.6      6.8      3.4      2.0     -0.6     -2.1      0.4      0.5      0.9      2.3
  Washington.............     9.3      9.2      6.3      4.5      1.2      4.6      3.4      1.1      2.8      2.0      4.0      5.0      3.7
  South Carolina.........     6.6      7.5      7.3      6.4      5.8      3.3      3.2      2.1      2.3      3.6      3.3      4.2      3.0
  Missouri...............     6.2      7.6      8.1      6.7      5.0      3.2      2.7      2.1      2.5      2.7      2.6      3.5      2.7
  District of Columbia...     8.9     10.0     10.1     10.6      3.6      2.8      1.5     -0.6      4.6      5.8      6.4      9.0      5.2
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  Note: States ranked according to 2002:IV to 2003:I growth