Home > Table 1.—U.S. Resource Flows to Developing Countries and Multilateral Organizations, 1993-97

Table 1.—U.S. Resource Flows to Developing Countries and Multilateral Organizations, 1993-97

[Millions of dollars]

(ouflows +; inflows -) 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997
Flows to Part I-Developing countries /1/ 58,235 59,738 46,984 55,730 74,991
Official development assistance (ODA), net 10,123 9,927 7,367 9,377 6,878
Bilateral grants, net 8,496 8,301 6,387 7,672 5,633
Program aid 2,101 2,311 1,422 3,244 1,030
Technical cooperation 3,310 2,796 2,614 2,787 2,741
Food aid 1,095 1,187 771 420 718
Emergency and distress relief 669 1,132 789 585 340
Debt forgiveness (principal and interest) 667 226 128 175
Other/2/ 654 649 663 636 629
Bilateral loans, net -1,179 -1,017 -773 -755 -694
Food aid loans, amounts extended 293 146 109 152 153
Other loans, amounts extended 22 27 10 9 7
ODA rescheduling, amounts extended/3/ 694 53 271
Amounts received and offsetting entries/4/ -2,188 -1,243 -892 -916 -1,125
Multilateral grants, capital subscriptions, and lending, net 2,806 2,643 1,753 2,460 1,939
Grants to UN agencies 749 852 718 732 739
Food aid through UN 302 283 258 178 253
Grants to other international organizations 227 208 196 266 264
Capital subscriptions (issuances) 1,541 1,312 594 1,300 700
Concessional lending to multilateral agencies, net -13 -12 -13 -16 -17
Other official flows (OOF), net 140 867 1,473 1,118 287
Export-related transactions, amounts extended 450 715 612 922 1,265
Investment-related and other transactions, amounts extended 518 553 595 636 672
OOF rescheduling, amounts extended/5/ 1,760 1,261 2,156 1,590 975
Amounts received and offsetting entries/4/ -2,588 -1,662 -1,890 -2,030 -2,625
Private flows at market terms, net 45,405 46,330 35,642 42,726 65,308
Direct investment abroad, net 20,562 21,407 23,228 23,308 29,962
Securities and bank credits, net 23,817 19,838 13,404 19,472 36,417
Private export credits under guarantee programs, net -621 4,479 -780 943 2,697
Multilateral securities, net 1,647 606 -210 -997 -3,768
Grants by nongovernmental organizations, net 2,567 2,614 2,502 2,509 2,518
Flows to Part II-Developing countries in transition/1/ 3,851 2,949 3,289 4,904 18,308
Official aid, net/6/ 1,647 2,422 1,280 1,694 2,516
Other official flows, net 1,071 87 -8 -24 5
Private flows at market terms, net 825 146 1,720 2,939 14,740
Grants by nongovernmental organizations, net 308 294 297 295 1,047
Addenda:
U.S. GNP at current prices/7/ 6,372,300 6,744,400 7,070,400 7,446,500 7,853,100
ODA as a percentage of GNP (percent) .16 .15 .10 .13 .09
Total flows to Part I countries as a percentage of GNP (percent) .91 .89 .66 .75 .95
  1. Flows are net disbursements to Part I and Part II developing countries (includes development-oriented multilateral organizations) on the list of aid recipients as designated by the Development Assistance Committee of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
  2. Includes primarily administrative costs of agencies dedicated to foreign assistance.
  3. Includes new loans to retire outstanding credits and capitalize interest.
  4. Includes credit repayments, retirement of existing loans with proceeds from rescheduling, and offsetting entries related to debt forgiveness (principal only).
  5. Includes new loans to retire outstanding credits, capitalize interest, and convert defaulted credits of foreign borrowers under U.S. Government loan guarantee programs into long-term credits.
  6. Official flows to Part II countries that have the same concessional and qualitative features as ODA are designated official aid. Only flows to Part I countries are eligible to be recorded as ODA.
  7. GNP entries are standardized System of National Accounts data.

NOTE.—In 1996, the Bahamas, Brunei, Kuwait, Qatar, Singapore, and the United Arab Emirates were reclassified from Part I to Part II status. In 1997, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Cyprus, Falkland Islands, Hong Kong, Israel, and Taiwan were reclassified from Part I to Part II status, and Moldova shifted from Part II to Part I status.

Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, from information made available by operating agencies.

GNP Gross national product