Home > Table 7.—Employment by Nonbank U.S. Affiliates and by All Nonbank U.S. Businesses, by Industry, 1987-92

Table 7.—Employment by Nonbank U.S. Affiliates and by All Nonbank U.S. Businesses, by Industry, 1987-92

Thousands of employees U.S. affiliates as a percentage of all U.S. businesses
U.S. affiliates/1/ All U.S. businesses/2/ 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992
1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992
All industries/3/ 3,224 3,844 4,511 4,734 4,872 4,706 86,721 89,674 91,404 92,621 91,315 91,771 3.7 4.3 4.9 5.1 5.3 5.1
Manufacturing 1,472 1,732 1,993 2,114 2,159 2,108 19,119 19,517 19,525 19,207 18,536 18,180 7.7 8.9 10.2 11.0 11.6 11.6
Petroleum and coal products 71 82 86 90 91 78 162 160 153 155 157 155 (/4/) (/4/) (/4/) (/4/) (/4/) (/4/)
Chemicals and allied products 269 289 318 332 341 346 1,027 1,063 1,081 1,093 1,083 1,083 26.2 27.2 29.4 30.4 31.4 32.0
Stone, clay, and glass products 82 90 107 110 102 108 564 573 570 558 524 513 14.5 15.6 18.7 19.7 19.5 21.0
Electric and electronic equipment 202 243 275 271 276 262 1,687 1,774 1,746 1,675 1,593 1,525 12.0 13.7 15.7 16.2 17.3 17.2
Primary metal industries 90 81 97 112 111 111 741 771 772 756 723 693 12.2 10.6 12.6 14.8 15.4 16.1
Rubber and plastics products 56 93 101 129 126 130 857 868 892 891 865 879 6.6 10.7 11.3 14.5 14.5 14.8
Food and kindred products 137 177 203 207 211 198 1,630 1,643 1,649 1,666 1,672 1,656 8.4 10.8 12.3 12.4 12.6 11.9
Instruments and related products 76 85 101 112 118 109 1,028 1,035 1,025 1,005 973 929 7.4 8.2 9.9 11.2 12.1 11.8
Motor vehicles and equipment 56 63 76 90 96 91 854 852 854 808 785 818 6.6 7.4 8.9 11.2 12.2 11.1
Machinery, except electrical 121 160 213 218 220 209 2,062 2,119 2,139 2,109 2,012 1,928 5.9 7.5 9.9 10.3 10.9 10.8
Fabricated metal products 58 85 100 101 109 108 1,414 1,438 1,447 1,421 1,357 1,330 4.1 5.9 6.9 7.1 8.0 8.1
Paper and allied products 46 47 48 50 52 51 677 689 698 699 690 690 6.9 6.8 6.8 7.1 7.6 7.3
Printing and publishing 83 95 108 109 103 102 1,530 1,581 1,589 1,602 1,569 1,535 5.4 6.0 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.6
Textile mill products 27 34 33 37 40 44 732 733 724 695 674 676 3.7 4.6 4.6 5.4 5.9 6.5
Other transportation equipment 12 27 33 41 50 50 1,165 1,184 1,196 1,179 1,104 1,018 1.0 2.3 2.8 3.5 4.5 4.9
Apparel and other textile products 12 16 26 28 29 29 1,106 1,103 1,086 1,046 1,016 1,016 1.1 1.5 2.4 2.7 2.9 2.8
Lumber, wood, furniture, and fixtures 25 29 24 28 32 29 1,291 1,322 1,306 1,263 1,173 1,177 1.9 2.2 1.9 2.2 2.7 2.4
Other 47 38 45 49 52 55 592 609 598 586 566 559 7.9 6.2 7.5 8.3 9.2 9.9
Mining 68 73 81 93 88 78 718 718 693 712 690 636 9.4 10.2 11.7 13.0 12.7 12.3
Insurance 81 111 122 127 144 142 2,162 2,230 2,164 2,199 2,232 2,204 3.7 5.0 5.6 5.8 6.5 6.4
Finance, except banking/5/ 79 96 92 54 65 68 1,044 1,048 1,026 1,035 1,042 1,089 7.5 9.2 9.0 5.3 6.2 6.3
Wholesale trade 282 294 322 355 344 348 5,984 6,139 6,259 6,245 6,151 6,148 4.7 4.8 5.1 5.7 5.6 5.7
Transportation 87 124 174 221 218 182 3,238 3,379 3,469 3,586 3,560 3,569 2.7 3.7 5.0 6.1 6.1 5.1
Retail trade 633 772 948 848 890 799 19,144 19,753 20,145 20,273 19,948 20,072 3.3 3.9 4.7 4.2 4.5 4.0
Services/6/ 329 426 529 660 719 706 24,850 26,169 27,270 28,443 28,779 29,748 1.3 1.6 1.9 2.3 2.5 2.4
Real estate 31 31 31 34 33 31 1,305 1,350 1,442 1,462 1,443 1,427 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.3 2.3 2.2
Communication and public utilities 14 14 23 29 29 49 2,204 2,211 2,208 2,262 2,251 2,218 .6 .6 1.0 1.3 1.3 2.2
Agriculture, forestry, and fishing 18 20 33 33 44 31 1,806 1,856 1,838 1,879 1,853 1,818 1.0 1.1 1.8 1.8 2.4 1.7
Construction 57 63 72 80 73 68 5,147 5,304 5,365 5,318 4,830 4,662 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5
Unspecified/7/ 70 81 85 78 61 95 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.

n.a. Not applicable.

  1. Classified by industry of sales. In this table, petroleum is not shown as a separate major industry. Instead, in order to be consistent with the all-U.S.-business data, affiliate employment in the various petroleum subindustries is distributed among the other major industries. Thus, manufacturing includes petroleum and coal products, wholesale trade includes petroleum wholesale trade, retail trade includes gasoline service stations, and so on.
  2. Classified by industry of establishment. These data are from table 6.4C of the "National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) Tables" in the January 1992 and August 1993 issues of the SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS. The total is equal to employment in private industries less the employment of depository institutions and private households. All-U.S. employment totals in this table differ from those shown in table 8; the data in table 8 are from BEA's Regional Economic Information System and are derived as the sum of the State estimates. The estimates in table 8, unlike those in this table, do not exclude employment in depository institutions, but do exclude U.S. residents temporarily employed abroad by U.S. businesses. They may also differ from the NIPA estimates in this table because of different data sources and revision schedules.
  3. For consistency with the coverage of the all-U.S.-business employment data, U.S. affiliate employment in Puerto Rico, in "other U.S. areas," and in the "foreign" category was excluded from the U.S.-affiliate employment total when the percentage shares on this line were computed.
  4. The affiliate and all-U.S.-business employment data in petroleum and coal products are not comparable and, hence, are not shown here, because affiliate employment in this industry includes a substantial number of nonmanufacturing employees. When a rough adjustment is made to remove the nonmanufacturing employees from the affiliate data, the affiliate share of all-U.S.-business employment in petroleum and coal products is about 28 percent in 1988, 36 percent in 1989, 39 percent in 1990, 39 percent in 1991, and 31 percent in 1992.
  5. Excludes savings institutions and credit unions, which was reclassified to banking in the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification.
  6. Excludes private households.
  7. In the breakdown of employment by industry of sales, U.S. affiliates that filed long forms in the annual surveys had to specify their eight largest sales categories, and U.S. affiliates that filed short forms had to specify their three largest sales categories. Employment in all unspecified industries combined is shown on this line.