An asterisk "(*)" indicates either a value of between -$500,000
and $500,000, a percentage of less than 0.05 percent, or a number of employees
less than 50.
A "(D)" indicates that the data in the cell have been
suppressed to avoid the disclosure of the data of individual companies.
An "n.a." indicates that the data are not available.
The industry group "petroleum" encompasses all aspects of the
petroleum industry from extraction to refining and sales. Thus, "manufacturing"
excludes petroleum refining and other petroleum-related manufacturing, which may
be included in manufacturing in other data sets. Similarly, "mining"
in these data excludes oil and gas extraction; "wholesale trade"
excludes petroleum wholesaling; "retail trade" excludes gasoline
service stations; "transportation" excludes pipelines, tankers, and
other petroleum transportation; and "services" excludes oil and gas
The country category "International" consists of affiliates
that have operations spanning more than one country and that are engaged in
petroleum shipping, other water transportation, or offshore oil and gas
"Eastern Europe" comprises Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan,
Belarus, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia,
Tajikistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan.
The European Union (12) comprises Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany,
Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the
OPEC is the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. Its members
are Algeria, Gabon, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi
Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela.