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U.S. Economy at a Glance:Perspective from the BEA Accounts

BEA produces some of the most closely watched economic statistics that influence decisions of government officials, business people, and individuals. These statistics provide a comprehensive, up-to-date picture of the U.S. economy. The data on this page are drawn from featured BEA economic accounts.

National Economic Accounts

Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Current Numbers
  • 1st quarter 2016: 0.8 percent
  • 4th quarter 2015: 1.4 percent
Next release: June 28, 2016
Quarterly data: Real gross domestic product -- the value of the goods and services produced by the nation's economy less the value of the goods and services used up in production, adjusted for price changes -- increased at an annual rate of 0.8 percent in the first quarter of 2016, according to the "second" estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. In the fourth quarter, real GDP increased 1.4 percent.
Personal Income
Current Numbers
  • March 2016: 0.4 percent (personal income)
  • February 2016: 0.1 percent (personal income)
Next release: May 31, 2016
Monthly data: In March 2016, real disposable personal income increased 0.3 percent.

Industry Economic Accounts

Quarterly Industry Accounts: GDP by Industry
Quarterly Data: Information; construction; and professional, scientific, and technical services were the leading contributors to the increase in U.S. economic growth in the fourth quarter of 2015. According to statistics on the breakout of gross domestic product (GDP) by industry released today by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), overall, 16 of 22 industry groups contributed to the 1.4 percent increase in real GDP in the fourth quarter.
Real GDP and Real Value Added

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Real Value Added by Industry

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International Economic Accounts

U.S. Balance of Payments (International Transactions)
Current Account Balance:
  • 4th quarter 2015: -$125.3 billion
  • 3rd quarter 2015: -$129.9 billion
  • Annual 2015: -$484.1 billion
  • Annual 2014: -$389.5 billion
Next release: June 16, 2016
Quarterly data: The U.S. current-account deficit decreased $4.6 billion to $125.3 billion (preliminary) in the fourth quarter of 2015. For the year 2015, the current- account deficit increased $94.6 billion to $484.1 billion (preliminary).
Quarterly Data
Quarterly Data Graph of U.S. Current-Account Transactions
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Annual Data
Quarterly Data Graph of U.S. Current-Account Transactions
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International Investment Position
Net International Investment Position at End of Period:
  • End of 4th quarter 2015: -$7,356.8 billion
  • End of 3rd quarter 2015: -$7,311.6 billion
  • End of Year 2015: -$7,356.8 billion
  • End of Year 2014: -$7,019.7 billion
Next release: June 30, 2016
Quarterly and annual data: The U.S. net international investment position at the end of the fourth quarter of 2015 was -$7,356.8 billion (preliminary), as the value of U.S. liabilities exceeded the value of U.S. assets. At the end of the third quarter of 2015, the net position was -$7,311.6 billion (revised).
Quarterly Data
Graph of U.S. Net International Investment Position at End of Quarter
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Annual Data
Graph of U.S. Net International Investment Position at End of Year
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International Trade in Goods and Services
Trade Balance:
  • March 2016: -$40.4 billion
  • February 2016: -$47.0 billion
Next release: June 3, 2016
Monthly: Total March exports of $176.6 billion and imports of $217.1 billion resulted in a goods and services deficit of $40.4 billion.
Monthly Data
Monthly Graph of Balance on Goods and Services Trade
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New Foreign Direct Investment in the United States
Next release: Summer 2016
Annual Data: Expenditures by foreign direct investors for new investment—that is, to acquire, establish, or expand U.S. businesses—totaled $241.3 billion in 2014, according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) in statistics released today. Acquisitions accounted for most of the investment.
Annual Data
New Foreign Direct Investment in the United States
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Regional Economic Accounts

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by State
Next release: June 14, 2016
Quarterly Data: Real gross domestic product (GDP) increased in 47 states and the District of Columbia in the third quarter of 2015, according to statistics on the geographic breakout of GDP released today by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. Overall, U.S. real GDP by state growth slowed to an annual rate of 1.9 percent in the third quarter of 2015 after increasing 3.8 percent in the second quarter.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by Metropolitan Area
Next release: September 2016
Annual data: Real GDP increased in 282 of the nation's 381 metropolitan areas in 2014, led by growth in several industry groups: professional and business services, wholesale and retail trade, and the group of finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing. Natural resources and mining remained a strong contributor to growth in several metropolitan areas. Collectively, real GDP for U. S. metropolitan areas increased 2.3 percent in 2014 after increasing 1.9 percent in 2013.
State Personal Income (SPI)
Next release: June 22, 2016
Quarterly data: State personal income grew 0.8 percent on average in the fourth quarter of 2015, down from 1.0 percent in the third quarter. Growth rates ranged from -0.1 percent in Wyoming, Oklahoma, and Nebraska to 1.3 percent in Michigan.
Annual data: State personal income grew on average 4.4 percent in 2015, the same rate as in 2014. Growth of state personal income ranged from -0.2 percent in North Dakota to 6.3 percent in California.
Quarterly Data
Map of Quarterly State Personal Income
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Annual Data
Map of State Personal Income
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Local Area Personal Income
Next release: November 17, 2016
Local area data: Personal income grew in 2014 in 2,662 counties, fell in 438, and was unchanged in 13. The percent change from 2013 to 2014 in personal income ranged from -35.1 percent in Wallace County, Kansas to 83.7 percent in McPherson County, Nebraska.
Local Area DataMap of Local Area Personal Income
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Real Personal Income for States and Metropolitan Areas
State and Metropolitan area data: Real personal income across all regions rose by an average of 0.8 percent in 2013. This growth rate reflects the year-over-year change in nominal personal income across all regions adjusted by the change in the national personal consumption expenditures (PCE) price index. On a nominal basis, personal income across all regions grew an average of 2.0 percent in 2013. In 2013, the U.S. PCE price index grew 1.2 percent.
State and Metropolitan Area DataMap of State and Metropolitan Area Data
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Personal Consumption Expenditures by State
Annual data: Today, the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis released its first set of official statistics on personal consumption expenditures (PCE) by state for 1997-2014. Across all states, the growth in total PCE by state accelerated to 4.2 percent in 2014 from 3.1 percent in 2013. In 2014, growth in total PCE ranged from 2.1 percent in West Virginia to 7.4 percent in North Dakota, with more than 40 states growing faster than in 2013.