FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE AT 8:30 A.M. EDT, Wednesday, May 4, 2016
CB 16-74
BEA 16—23
FT-900 (16-03)



* See the navigation bar at the right side of the news release text for links to data tables, contact personnel and their telephone numbers, and supplementary materials.

                      
                                     U.S. Census Bureau
                              U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
                                            NEWS
                     U.S. Department of Commerce * Washington, DC 20230
                       U.S. INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
                                         March 2016

The U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, through the Department of
Commerce, announced today that the goods and services deficit was $40.4 billion in March, down
$6.5 billion from $47.0 billion in February, revised.  March exports were $176.6 billion, $1.5
billion less than February exports. March imports were $217.1 billion, $8.1 billion less than
February imports.

The March decrease in the goods and services deficit reflected a decrease in the goods deficit
of $6.0 billion to $58.5 billion and an increase in the services surplus of $0.5 billion to
$18.1 billion.

Year-to-date, the goods and services deficit decreased $1.0 billion, or 0.8 percent, from the
same period in 2015. Exports decreased $30.5 billion or 5.4 percent. Imports decreased $31.6
billion or 4.5 percent.

Goods and Services Three-Month Moving Averages (Exhibit 2)

The average goods and services deficit decreased $1.4 billion to $44.4 billion for the three
months ending in March.
   * Average exports of goods and services decreased $1.2 billion to $177.0 billion in March.
   * Average imports of goods and services decreased $2.6 billion to $221.5 billion in March.

Year-over-year, the average goods and services deficit decreased $0.3 billion from the three
months ending in March 2015.
   * Average exports of goods and services decreased $10.2 billion from March 2015.
   * Average imports of goods and services decreased $10.5 billion from March 2015.

Exports (Exhibits 3, 6, and 7)

Exports of goods decreased $1.8 billion to $116.8 billion in March.
   Exports of goods on a Census basis decreased $1.7 billion.
      * Consumer goods decreased $1.6 billion.
         o Pharmaceutical preparations decreased $0.8 billion.
         o Gem diamonds decreased $0.7 billion.
      * Industrial supplies and materials decreased $0.8 billion.
         o Other petroleum products decreased $0.5 billion.
      * Capital goods increased $1.0 billion.
         o Civilian aircraft increased $1.3 billion.
   Net balance of payments adjustments decreased $0.1 billion.

Exports of services increased $0.3 billion to $59.8 billion in March.
      * Travel (for all purposes including education) increased $0.2 billion.

Imports (Exhibits 4, 6, and 8)

Imports of goods decreased $7.9 billion to $175.3 billion in March.
   Imports of goods on a Census basis decreased $7.8 billion.
      * Consumer goods decreased $5.1 billion.
         o Toys, games, and sporting goods decreased $1.1 billion.
         o Other textile apparel and household goods decreased $0.6 billion.
         o Cotton apparel and household goods decreased $0.6 billion.
      * Capital goods decreased $1.6 billion.
         o Computer accessories decreased $0.8 billion.
   Net balance of payments adjustments decreased less than $0.1 billion.

Imports of services decreased $0.2 billion to $41.7 billion in March.
      * Transport, which includes freight and port services and passenger fares, decreased
        $0.4 billion.

Real Goods in 2009 Dollars – Census Basis (Exhibit 11)

The real goods deficit decreased $5.8 billion to $57.4 billion in March.
   * Real exports of goods decreased $1.7 billion to $117.0 billion.
   * Real imports of goods decreased $7.4 billion to $174.4 billion.

Revisions

Revisions to February exports
   * Exports of goods were revised upward $0.1 billion.
   * Exports of services were revised upward less than $0.1 billion.

Revisions to February imports
   * Imports of goods were revised downward $0.1 billion.
   * Imports of services were revised upward $0.1 billion.

Goods by Selected Countries and Areas: Monthly – Census Basis (Exhibit 19)

The March figures show surpluses, in billions of dollars, with South and Central America ($3.2),
OPEC ($0.7), United Kingdom ($0.5), and Saudi Arabia ($0.1). Deficits were recorded, in billions
of dollars, with China ($26.0), European Union ($11.1), Germany ($5.9), Japan ($5.9), Mexico
($5.2), South Korea ($3.0), Italy ($2.4), India ($1.7), France ($0.9), Brazil ($0.2), and
Canada ($0.1).

   * The deficit with China decreased $6.2 billion to $26.0 billion in March. Exports increased
     $0.1 billion to $8.5 billion and imports decreased $6.1 billion to $34.4 billion.
   * The balance with the United Kingdom shifted from a deficit of $0.5 billion to a surplus
     of $0.5 billion in March. Exports increased $0.6 billion to $4.8 billion and imports
     decreased $0.3 billion to $4.4 billion.
   * The surplus with Saudi Arabia decreased $1.2 billion to $0.1 billion in March. Exports
     decreased $0.9 billion to $1.4 billion and imports increased $0.3 billion to $1.3 billion.

NOTES:
   * All statistics referenced are seasonally adjusted; statistics are on a balance of
     payments basis unless otherwise specified. Additional statistics, including not seasonally
     adjusted statistics and details for goods on a Census basis, are available in Exhibits 1-20b
     of this release. For information on data sources, definitions, revision procedures, and
     scheduled release dates through December 2016, see the information section on page A-1 of this
     release. The next release is June 3, 2016.

   * For definitions of goods on a balance of payments basis, goods on a Census basis, and net
     balance of payments adjustments, see the information section on page A-1 of this release.

NOTICE

New U.S. Census Bureau Report on Advance Economic Indicators

On July 28, 2016, at 8:30 a.m., the U.S. Census Bureau will introduce a new release, "Advance
Economic Indicators Report." This summary level report will combine the release of advance
statistics on trade in goods, which are currently presented in "Advance Report: U.S.
International Trade in Goods," with the release of new advance estimates for retail and
wholesale inventories. With this new report, the Census Bureau will also discontinue the
current version of "Advance Report: U.S. International Trade in Goods." The new report will:

   * Be released monthly, 4-7 business days in advance of the “U.S. International Trade in Goods
     and Services” report (FT-900) and 11-14 business days in advance of the “Manufacturing
     and Trade Inventories and Sales” report.
   * Include statistics for the reference month, the prior two months, and the same reference
     month in the prior year. For example, the July 28 release will include statistics for
     June 2016, May 2016, April 2016, and June 2015.
   * Consist of three tables:
      o Table 1. U.S. International Trade in Goods by Principal End-Use Category, which
        presents levels and percent changes for the advance statistics on trade in goods by
        principal end-use categories.
      o Table 2. Levels and Percent Changes for Inventories, which presents levels and percent
        changes for the advance estimates for retail and wholesale inventories.
      o Table 3. Estimated Measures of Sampling Variability, which presents estimated measures
        of sampling variability for the advance estimates for retail and wholesale inventories.
   * Contain both seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted statistics and estimates.
   * Include statistics for international trade in goods on a Census basis by principal end-use
     category.
   * Not include statistics for trade in goods on a balance of payments basis or statistics for
     trade in services, which are both featured in the FT-900.
   * Include estimates for total retail inventories, for total retail inventories excluding
     motor vehicle and parts dealers, and for retail inventories for motor vehicle and parts
     dealers.
   * Include estimates for total merchant wholesale inventories excluding manufacturers’ sales
     branches and offices, for total durable goods inventories, and for total nondurable goods
     inventories.

The release schedule for this report through December 2016 is as follows:

    Statistical Month             Date          Day
       June                     07-28-16        Thu
       July			08-26-16	Fri
       August			09-29-16	Thu
       September		10-26-16	Wed
       October			11-25-16	Fri
       November                 12-29-16        Thu

If you have questions or need additional information, please contact the Census Bureau,
Economic Indicators Division, as outlined below:

International Trade Indicator Macro Analysis Branch	Retail Indicator Branch
(301) 763-2311						(301) 763-2713
(800) 549-0595, option 4				(800) 327-4389, option 1
(eid.international.trade.data@census.gov)               (eid.retail.indicator.branch@census.gov)

Wholesale Indicator Branch
(301) 763-6856
(800) 327-4389, option 3
(eid.wholesale.indicator.branch@census.gov)

Upcoming Revisions to Goods and Services

On June 3, 2016, the U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) will
release “U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services: April 2016” (FT-900) and
“U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services: Annual Revision for 2015.” With these releases,
statistics on trade in goods, on both a Census basis and a balance of payments (BOP) basis, and
on trade in services will be revised beginning with 2013. The revised statistics for goods on a
BOP basis and for services will also be included in the report “U.S. International Transactions:
First Quarter 2016 and Annual Revisions” and in the international transactions interactive
database, both to be released by BEA on June 16, 2016.

Goods

Revised statistics on trade in goods will reflect 1) corrections and adjustments to previously
published not seasonally adjusted statistics for goods on a Census basis, 2) recalculated
seasonal and trading-day adjustments, and 3) newly available and revised source data on BOP
adjustments, which are adjustments that BEA applies to goods on a Census basis to convert them
to a BOP basis. BOP adjustments are presented as net adjustments in this release.

Services

Revised statistics on trade in services will reflect 1) a refinement to the methodology for
estimating average expenditures by travelers, 2) newly available and revised source data
primarily from BEA’s surveys of international services transactions, 3) revised seasonal
adjustments, and 4) revised temporal distributions of quarterly source data to monthly
statistics (see the information section on page A-4 of this release).

If you have questions, please contact BEA’s Balance of Payments Division at
(InternationalAccounts@bea.gov).

Changes to Country and Area Presentation

With the release of the FT-900 and the “U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services: Annual
Revision for 2015” report on June 3, 2016, the area grouping “Newly Industrialized Countries”
will be removed from all relevant exhibits, and Hong Kong, Singapore, and Taiwan will be added
to selected exhibits. These changes will affect the following exhibits:

   * Exhibits 14, 14a, 16a, 19, 20, 20a, and 20b of the FT-900
   * Exhibits 4 and 4a of the FT-900 Supplement
   * Exhibits 13, 15a, 18, 19, 19a, and 19b of the annual revision report

Sample modified exhibits are available at
(www.census.gov/foreign-trade/statistics/notices/20160504_NICs.html).

If you have questions, please contact the Census Bureau, Economic Indicators Division, on
(800) 549-0595, option 4, or at (eid.international.trade.data@census.gov).

Change to OPEC

With the release of the FT-900 on June 3, 2016, statistics for 2016 for the area grouping “OPEC”
in Exhibits 20, 20a, and 20b of the FT-900 will include Indonesia, which rejoined on January 1,
2016. This change has already been implemented for Exhibits 14, 17a, and 19 of the FT-900 and
for Exhibit 4 of the FT-900 Supplement with the March 4, 2016 release of the FT-900.

To learn more about the FT-900 and other economic indicators the Census Bureau publishes, join
the Economic Indicators Division for the “Investigating Economic Indicators” Webinar series.
For more information, visit (www.census.gov/econ/webinar).