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Methodology Papers

Descriptions of the methodologies used to prepare BEA's National, Industry, Regional, and International accounts data are accessible on this page.

Note: These methodologies are periodically refined to incorporate new and better source data and improved estimating procedures. The refinements are described in articles in BEA's monthly Survey of Current Business (SCB) that present annual or comprehensive revisions to the estimates.

National Accounts

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Industry Accounts

(See also: Analytical and Presentational Articles from the Industry Accounts)

Gross domestic product by industry

Annual Input-output

Benchmark input-output

  • Integrating the 2002 Benchmark Input-Output Accounts and the 2002 Annual Industry Accounts | SCB, December 2007 (PDF)
  • U.S. Benchmark Input-Output Accounts, 2002 | October 2007 (PDF)
  • Concepts and Methods of the U.S. Input-Output Accounts | September 2006 (PDF)
  • Preview of the Benchmark Input-Output Accounts for 2002: Preliminary Estimates of Gross Output, Proposed Classification Framework | SCB, September 2005 (PDF)
  • Benchmark Input-Output Accounts of the United States, 1997 | SCB, December 2002 (PDF)
  • Methodology and Appendixes, Benchmark Input-output Accounts of the United States, 1992 | September 1998 (PDF)

Capital flow

Satellite industry accounts

  • U.S. Travel and Tourism Satellite Accounts for 2010-2013 | SCB, June 2014  (PDF)
  • U.S. Travel and Tourism Satellite Accounts for 2009-2012 | SCB, June 2013  (PDF)
  • U.S. Travel and Tourism Satellite Accounts for 2003-2011 | SCB, June 2012  (PDF)
  • U.S. Travel and Tourism Satellite Accounts for 2007-2010 | SCB, June 2011  (PDF)
  • U.S. Travel and Tourism Satellite Accounts for 2004-2009 | SCB, November 2010  (PDF)
  • U.S. Travel and Tourism Satellite Accounts for 2005-2008 | SCB, June 2009 (PDF) | (Table)
  • U.S. Travel and Tourism Satellite Accounts for 2004-2007 | SCB, June 2008  (PDF)
  • 2007 R&D Satellite Account Methodologies: Current-dollar GDP Estimates (PDF)
  • Methodology for the Industry Estimates in the 2007 R&D Satellite Account (PDF)
  • Estimating Prices for R&D Investment in the 2007 R&D Satellite Account (PDF)
  • R&D Depreciation Rates in the 2007 R&D Satellite Account (PDF)
  • U.S. Travel and Tourism Satellite Accounts for 19982006 | SCB, June 2007  (PDF)
  • A Proposal To Include Motor Vehicle Services in the U.S. Travel and Tourism Satellite Accounts | SCB, June 2007  (PDF)
  • BEA’s 2006 Research and Development Satellite Account: Preliminary Estimates for 1959-2002; Effect on GDP and Other Measures | SCB, December 2006  (PDF) |  Tables (PDF)
  • R&D Satellite Account: Preliminary Estimates | September 2006 (PDF)
  • U.S. Travel and Tourism Satellite Accounts for 2002-2005 | SCB, June 2006  (PDF)
  • U.S. Travel and Tourism Satellite Accounts for 2001-2004 | SCB, June 2005 (PDF)
  • U.S. Travel and Tourism Satellite Accounts for 1998-2003 | SCB, September 2004 (PDF)
  • U.S. Travel and Tourism Satellite Accounts for 1996-1997 | SCB, July 2000  (PDF)
  • U.S. Transportation Satellite Accounts for 1996 | SCB, May 2000 (PDF)
  • U.S. Travel and Tourism Satellite Accounts for 1992 | SCB, July 1998 

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Regional Accounts

(See also: Analytical and Presentational Articles from the Regional Accounts)

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by state

  • Gross Domestic Product by State | October 2006 (PDF)

State and local area methodology publications

  • State Personal Income and Employment | September 2015 (PDF)
  • Local Area Personal Income | November 2015 (PDF)

Comprehensive revisions of personal income, articles from the SCB

  • Comprehensive Revision of State Personal Income | SCB, November 2013 (PDF)
  • Comprehensive Revision of Gross Domestic Product by State: Advance Statistics for 2013 and Revised Statistics for 1997-2012 | SCB, July 2014 (PDF)
  • Comprehensive Revision of Local Area Personal Income: New Statistics for 2012 and Revised Statistics for 2001-2011 | SCB, December 2013 (PDF)

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International Accounts