News Release

EMBARGOED UNTIL RELEASE AT 8:30 a.m. EDT, Friday, June 28, 2024
BEA 24—28

Personal Income and Outlays, May 2024

Personal income income increased $114.1 billion (0.5 percent at a monthly rate) in May, according to estimates released today by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (tables 2 and 3). Disposable personal income (DPI), personal income less personal current taxes, increased $94.0 billion (0.5 percent) and personal consumption expenditures (PCE) increased $47.8 billion (0.2 percent).

The PCE price index decreased less than 0.1 percent. Excluding food and energy, the PCE price index increased 0.1 percent (table 5). Real DPI increased 0.5 percent in May and real PCE increased 0.3 percent; goods increased 0.6 percent and services increased 0.1 percent (tables 3 and 4).

Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May
Percent change from preceding month
Personal income:  
     Current dollars 1.1 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.5
Disposable personal income:  
     Current dollars 0.6 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.5
     Chained (2017) dollars 0.1 -0.1 0.2 0.0 0.5
Personal consumption expenditures (PCE):  
     Current dollars 0.1 0.6 0.7 0.1 0.2
     Chained (2017) dollars -0.3 0.2 0.3 -0.1 0.3
Price indexes:  
     PCE 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.0
     PCE, excluding food and energy 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1
Price indexes: Percent change from month one year ago
     PCE 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.6
     PCE, excluding food and energy 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.6

The increase in current-dollar personal income in May primarily reflected increases in compensation, personal income receipts on assets, and government social benefits (table 2).

The $47.8 billion increase in current-dollar PCE in May reflected an increase of $34.2 billion in spending for services and a $13.6 billion increase in spending for goods (table 2). Within services, the largest contributors to the increase were health care (led by hospitals), housing and utilities (led by housing), and transportation services (led by air transportation). Within goods, the increase primarily reflected an increase in other nondurable goods (led by prescription drugs) that was partly offset by a decrease in gasoline and other energy goods. Detailed information on monthly PCE spending can be found on Table 2.4.5U.

Personal outlays—the sum of PCE, personal interest payments, and personal current transfer payments—increased $56.4 billion in May (table 2). Personal saving was $806.1 billion in May and the personal saving rate—personal saving as a percentage of disposable personal income—was 3.9 percent (table 1).


From the preceding month, the PCE price index for May decreased less than 0.1 percent (table 5). Prices for goods decreased 0.4 percent and prices for services increased 0.2 percent. Food prices increased 0.1 percent and energy prices decreased 2.1 percent. Excluding food and energy, the PCE price index increased 0.1 percent. Detailed monthly PCE price indexes can be found on Table 2.4.4U.

From the same month one year ago, the PCE price index for May increased 2.6 percent (table 7). Prices for goods decreased 0.1 percent and prices for services increased 3.9 percent. Food prices increased 1.2 percent and energy prices increased 4.8 percent. Excluding food and energy, the PCE price index increased 2.6 percent from one year ago.

Real PCE

The 0.3 percent increase in real PCE in May reflected an increase of 0.6 percent in spending on goods and an increase of 0.1 percent in spending on services (table 4). Within goods, the largest contributor to the increase was recreational goods and vehicles (led by computer software and accessories). Within services, the largest contributors to the increase were transportation services (led by air transportation) and health care (led by outpatient services). Detailed information on monthly real PCE spending can be found on Table 2.4.6U.

Updates to Personal Income and Outlays

Estimates have been updated for January through April. Revised and previously published changes from the preceding month for current-dollar personal income, and for current-dollar and chained (2017) dollar DPI and PCE, are provided below for March and April.

  Change from preceding month
March April 
Previous Revised Previous Revised Previous Revised Previous Revised
(Billions of dollars) (Percent) (Billions of dollars) (Percent)
Personal income:  
     Current dollars 126.2 120.3 0.5 0.5 65.3 63.0 0.3 0.3
Disposable personal income:  
     Current dollars 100.4 103.1 0.5 0.5 40.2 52.0 0.2 0.3
     Chained (2017) dollars 24.7 26.9 0.1 0.2 -10.7 -2.4 -0.1 0.0
Personal consumption expenditures:  
     Current dollars 143.1 127.7 0.7 0.7 39.1 26.3 0.2 0.1
     Chained (2017) dollars 63.7 51.2 0.4 0.3 -8.5 -20.1 -0.1 -0.1
Annual Update of the National Economic Accounts

BEA will release results from the 2024 annual update of the National Economic Accounts, which include the National Income and Product Accounts as well as the Industry Economic Accounts, on September 26, 2024. The update will present revised statistics for GDP, GDP by Industry, and gross domestic income. Updated monthly personal income and outlays will be released on September 27, along with the August 2024 estimate. For details, refer to Information on 2024 Annual Updates to the National, Industry, and State and Local Economic Accounts.

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Next release: July 26, 2024, at 8:30 a.m. EDT
Personal Income and Outlays, June 2024