Perspective from the BEA Accounts

BEA produces some of the most closely watched economic statistics that influence decisions of government officials, business people, and individuals. These statistics provide a comprehensive, up-to-date picture of the U.S. economy. The data on this page are drawn from featured BEA economic accounts.

National Economic Accounts

Gross Domestic Product, Third Quarter 2021 (Second Estimate); Corporate Profits, Third Quarter 2021 (Preliminary Estimate)

Q3 2021 (2nd)
Q2 2021 (3rd)

Real gross domestic product (GDP) increased at an annual rate of 2.1 percent in the third quarter of 2021, following an increase of 6.7 percent in the second quarter. The increase was revised up 0.1 percentage point from the “advance” estimate released in October. The deceleration in real GDP in the third quarter was led by a slowdown in consumer spending. A resurgence of COVID-19 cases resulted in new restrictions and delays in the reopening of establishments in some parts of the country. In the third quarter, government assistance payments in the form of forgivable loans to businesses, grants to state and local governments, and social benefits to households all decreased.

  • Current release: November 24, 2021
  • Next release: December 22, 2021

Personal Income and Outlays, October 2021

October 2021
0.5 %
September 2021
-1.0 %

Personal income increased $93.4 billion, or 0.5 percent at a monthly rate, while consumer spending increased $214.3 billion, or 1.3 percent, in October. The increase in personal income primarily reflected an increase in compensation of employees. The personal saving rate (that is, personal saving as a percentage of disposable personal income) was 7.3 percent in October, compared with 8.2 percent in September.

  • Current release: November 24, 2021
  • Next release: December 23, 2021

Industry Economic Accounts

International Economic Accounts

U.S. International Transactions, Second Quarter 2021

Q2 2021
Q1 2021

The U.S. current account deficit widened by $0.9 billion, or 0.5 percent, to $190.3 billion in the second quarter of 2021, according to statistics from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. The revised first quarter deficit was $189.4 billion. The second quarter deficit was 3.3 percent of current dollar gross domestic product, down from 3.4 percent in the first quarter.

  • Current Release: September 21, 2021
  • Next Release: December 21, 2021

U.S. International Investment Position, Second Quarter 2021

End of 2nd quarter 2021:
-$15.42 trillion
End of 1st quarter 2021:
-$14.30 trillion

The U.S. net international investment position, the difference between U.S. residents’ foreign financial assets and liabilities, was –$15.42 trillion at the end of the second quarter of 2021, according to statistics released by the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). Assets totaled $34.20 trillion and liabilities were $49.62 trillion. At the end of the first quarter, the net investment position was –$14.30 trillion.

  • Current Release: September 28, 2021
  • Next Release: December 30, 2021

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, September 2021

September 2021
August 2021

The U.S. monthly international trade deficit increased in September 2021 according to the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis and the U.S. Census Bureau. The deficit increased from $72.8 billion in August (revised) to $80.9 billion in September, as imports increased and exports decreased. The previously published August deficit was $73.3 billion. The goods deficit increased $8.9 billion in September to $98.2 billion. The services surplus increased $0.8 billion in September to $17.2 billion.

  • Current Release: November 4, 2021
  • Next release: December 7, 2021

New Foreign Direct Investment in the United States, 2020

New Investment by Foreign Direct Investors:
$120.7 billion (preliminary)

Expenditures by foreign direct investors to acquire, establish, or expand U.S. businesses totaled $120.7
billion in 2020, down 45.4 percent from $221.2 billion in 2019.

  • Current release: July 1, 2021
  • Next release: July 2022

Regional Economic Accounts

Gross Domestic Product by State, 2nd Quarter 2021

Real gross domestic product (GDP) increased in all 50 states and the District of Columbia in the second quarter of 2021, as real GDP for the nation increased at an annual rate of 6.7 percent. The percent change in real GDP in the second quarter ranged from 9.7 percent in Nevada to 1.8 percent in Alaska.

  • Current Release: October 1, 2021
  • Next Release: December 23, 2021

Personal Income by State, 2nd Quarter 2021

State personal income decreased 21.8 percent at an annual rate in the second quarter of 2021 after increasing 56.9 percent in the first quarter. In the second quarter of 2021, the decrease in transfer receipts was the leading contributor to personal income declines in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The percent change in personal income across all states ranged from -10.1 percent in the District of Columbia to -34.0 percent in West Virginia.

  • Current Release: September 23, 2021
  • Next Release: December 17, 2021

Personal Income by County and Metropolitan Area, 2020

In 2020, personal income increased in 3,040 counties, decreased in 69, and was unchanged in 3. Personal income increased 6.4 percent in the metropolitan portion of the United States and increased 7.6 percent in the nonmetropolitan portion. Personal income estimates were impacted by the response to the spread of COVID-19, as governments issued and lifted “stay-at-home” orders. The full economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic cannot be quantified in the local area personal income estimates, because the impacts are generally embedded in source data and cannot be separately identified.

  • Current Release: November 16, 2021
  • Next Release: November 16, 2022

Real Personal Income by State and Metropolitan Area, 2019

Real state personal income grew 2.4 percent in 2019 after increasing 3.1 percent in 2018, according to estimates released today by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). Real state personal income is a state's current-dollar personal income adjusted by the state's regional price parity and the national personal consumption expenditures price index. The percent change in real state personal income ranged from 4.1 percent in Maine to 0.7 percent in Hawaii, Wyoming, and Rhode Island. Across metropolitan areas, the percent change ranged from 7.6 percent in Hanford-Corcoran, CA, to –3.2 percent in Panama City, FL, and Wheeling, WV-OH.

  • Current Release: December 15, 2020
  • Next release: December 14, 2021

Personal Consumption Expenditures by State, 2020

US PCE growth

State personal consumption expenditures (PCE) decreased 2.6 percent in 2020 after increasing 3.7 percent in 2019. The percent change in PCE across all 50 states and the District of Columbia ranged from 1.2 percent in Idaho and Utah to –5.8 percent in the District of Columbia.

  • Current Release: October 8, 2021
  • Next release: October 6, 2022