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Benchmark Input-Output Data

Please Note: Beginning with 2007, the benchmark input-output tables are fully integrated with the annual industry accounts and the national income and product accounts. In keeping with this integration, data and files associated with the 2007 benchmark input-output account can be found on the annual input-output page.

2002 Data Files

  • 2002 Standard Make and Use Tables at the detailed level
    Contains the standard make and use tables before redefinitions at the detailed level:
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 2002 Standard Make and Use Tables at the summary level
    Contains the standard make and use tables before redefinitions at the summary level:
    (XLS)
  • 2002 Standard Make and Use Tables at the sector level
    Contains the standard make and use tables before redefinitions at the sector level:
    (XLS)
  • 2002 Supplementary Make, Use and Direct Requirements Tables at the detailed level
    Contains the supplementary make, use and direct requirements tables after redefinitions:
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 2002 Summary Tables
    Contains the supplementary make, use, direct requirements coefficients, commodity-by-commodity total requirements, industry-by-commodity total requirements, and industry-by-industry total requirements tables, after redefinitions at the sector and summary levels:
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 2002 Supplementary Commodity-by-Commodity Total Requirements after redefinitions at the detailed level
    Contains estimates of the inputs for each commodity that are directly and indirectly required to deliver a dollar of the commodity to final users:
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 2002 Supplementary Industry-by-Commodity Total Requirements after redefinitions at the detailed level
    Contains estimates of the inputs for each industry that are directly and indirectly required to deliver a dollar of the commodity to final users:
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 2002 Supplementary Industry-by-Industry Total Requirements after redefinition at the detailed level
    Contains estimates of the inputs for each industry that are directly and indirectly required to deliver a dollar of the industry output to final users:
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 2002 Bridge tables to Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) and Private Fixed Investment in Equipment and Software (PES)
    Contains the input-output commodity composition at the detailed and summary level for personal consumption expenditures and private fixed investment in equipment and software expenditure categories from the national income and product accounts valued at producers' prices and purchasers' prices:
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • Detailed Item Output from the 2002 Benchmark Input-Output Accounts
    The table shows the detailed items and their corresponding output values from the 2002 benchmark input-output (I-O) accounts, that, when aggregated, equal commodity output. It is a supplementary table to the 2002 benchmark I-O accounts:
    (XLS)
  • Import Matrix from the 2002 Benchmark Input-Output Accounts
    The import-matrix is a supplementary table to the 2002 benchmark input-output accounts. For each commodity, the import-matrix table shows the value of import of that same commodity used by each industry:
    (XLS)
  • Concordance between 2002 Input-Output Commodity Codes and Foreign Trade Harmonized Codes
    The table links Census merchandise trade data by harmonized foreign trade codes to I-O commodity codes by weight. The weight indicates what portion of the harmonized code value was allocated to the I-O commodity:
    (XLS)

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1997 Data Files

Note: The 1992, 1987, and 1982 benchmark files available on this page do not reflect the 1999 comprehensive revision of the NIPAs. In addition, the 1997 benchmark files do not reflect the 2003 comprehensive revision of the NIPAs.
  • 1997 Standard Make and Use Tables at the detailed level
    Contains the standard make (table 1) and use (table 2) tables before redefinitions:
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 1997 Supplementary Make, Use and Direct Requirements Tables at the detailed level
    Contains the supplementary make (table 3), use (table 4) and direct requirements (table 5) tables after redefinitions:
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 1997 Summary Tables
    Contains the standard make (table 1) and use (table 2) tables before redefinitions. Also contains the supplementary make (table 3), use (table 4), direct requirements coefficients (table 5); commodity-by-commodity total requirements (table 6), industry-by-commodity total requirements (table 7), and industry-by-industry total requirements tables (table 8), after redefinitions:
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 1997 Supplementary Commodity-by-Commodity Total Requirements after redefinitions at the detailed level (Table 6)
    Contains estimates of the inputs for each commodity that are directly and indirectly required to deliver a dollar of the commodity to final users:
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 1997 Supplementary Industry-by-Commodity Total Requirements after redefinitions at the detailed level (Table 7)
    Contains estimates of the inputs for each industry that are directly and indirectly required to deliver a dollar of the commodity to final users:
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 1997 Supplementary Industry-by-Industry Total Requirements after redefinition at the detailed level (Table 8)
    Contains estimates of the inputs for each industry that are directly and indirectly required to deliver a dollar of the industry output to final users:
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 1997 Bridge tables to Personal Consumption Expenditures and Private Fixed Investment in Equipment and Software
    Contains the input-output commodity composition at the detailed and summary level for personal consumption expenditures and private fixed investment in equipment and software expenditure categories from the national income and product accounts valued at producers' prices and purchasers' prices:
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • Detailed Item Output from the 1997 Benchmark Input-Output Accounts:
    The table shows the detailed items and their corresponding output values from the 1997 benchmark input-output (I-O) accounts, that, when aggregated, equal commodity output. It is a supplementary table to the 1997 benchmark I-O accounts:
    (XLS)
  • Import Matrix from the 1997 Benchmark Input-Output Accounts:
    The import-matrix is a supplementary table to the 1997 benchmark input-output accounts. For each commodity, the import-matrix table shows the value of import of that same commodity used by each industry:
    (XLS)
  • Concordance between 1997 Input-Output Commodity Codes and Foreign Trade Harmonized Codes
    Contains underlying detailed data from the 1997 benchmark input-output (I-O) accounts published in "Benchmark Input-Output Accounts of the United States, 1997," Survey of Current Business (December 2002). Links Census merchandise trade data by harmonized foreign trade codes to I-O commodity codes. Data files are comma delimited ASCII files consisting of an I-O commodity code, the commodity description, a harmonized foreign trade code, the harmonized code description, and a weight. The weight indicates what portion of the harmonized code value was allocated to the I-O commodity:
    (EXE) (ZIP)

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1992 Data Files

Note: The 1992, 1987, and 1982 benchmark files available on this page do not reflect the 1999 comprehensive revision of the NIPAs. In addition, the 1997 benchmark files do not reflect the 2003 comprehensive revision of the NIPAs.
  • 1992 Benchmark I-O Table Six-Digit Transactions: Contains the make table, use table, direct requirements coefficients table, and estimates by commodity of transportation costs and of wholesale and retail trade margins (498 industry detail):
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 1992 Benchmark I-O SIC-Based Table Six-Digit Transactions: Contains the 1992 benchmark I-O make and use tables before redefinitions based on the 1987 Standard Industry Classification System (SIC):
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 1992 Benchmark I-O Table Two-Digit: Contains the make, use, direct requirements coefficients; industry-by- commodity total requirements coefficients, and commodity-by-commodity total requirements coefficients tables; estimates of commodity transportation costs and wholesale and retail trade margins; use and make tables also provided with industries defined on a 1987 SIC basis (97-industry detail):
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 1992 Benchmark I-O Six-Digit Industry-by-Commodity Total Requirements: Contains the input requirements coefficients for the output from each industry that is directly and indirectly required to deliver a dollar of a commodity to final users:
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 1992 Benchmark I-O Six-Digit Commodity-by-Commodity Total Requirements: Contains estimates of the inputs for each commodity that are directly and indirectly required to deliver a dollar of the commodity to final users:
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 1992 Benchmark I-O Composition of NIPA Final Demand: Contains six-digit input-output (I-O) commodity composition of each national income and product accounts (NIPAs) final demand category in millions of dollars valued at producers' prices and purchasers' prices:
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 1992 Benchmark I-O Bridge Tables to PCE and PDE: Contains the 1992 estimates of the I-O commodity composition of national income and product accounts (NIPAs) personal consumption expenditures (PCE) and producers’ durable equipment (PDE) expenditures valued at producers’ prices and purchasers’ prices:
    (EXE) (ZIP)

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1987 Data Files

Note: The 1992, 1987, and 1982 benchmark files available on this page do not reflect the 1999 comprehensive revision of the NIPAs. In addition, the 1997 benchmark files do not reflect the 2003 comprehensive revision of the NIPAs.
  • 1987 Benchmark I-O Table Six-Digit Transactions: Contains the make table, use table, direct requirements coefficients table, and estimates by commodity of transportation costs and of wholesale and retail trade margins (498-industry detail):
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 1987 Benchmark I-O Table Two-Digit Make and Use: Contains the make table, use table, direct requirements coefficients table, estimates by commodity of transportation costs and of wholesales and retail trade margins, and industry-by-commodity and commodity-by-commodity total requirements coefficients tables (97-industry detail):
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 1987 Benchmark I-O Six-Digit Industry-by-Commodity Total Requirements: Contains the input requirements coefficients for the output from each industry that is directly and indirectly required to deliver a dollar of a commodity to final users:
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 1987 Benchmark I-O Six-Digit Commodity-by-Commodity Total Requirements: Contains estimates of the inputs for each commodity that are directly and indirectly required to deliver a dollar of the commodity to final users:
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 1987 Benchmark I-O Composition of NIPA Final Demand: Contains six-digit input-output commodity composition of each national income and product accounts (NIPAs) final demand category in millions of dollars valued at producers' prices and purchasers' prices:
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 1987 Benchmark I-O Bridge Tables to PCE and PDE: Contains the 1987 estimates of the I-O commodity composition of national income and product accounts (NIPAs) personal consumption expenditures (PCE) and producers’ durable equipment (PDE) expenditures valued at producers’ prices and purchasers’ prices:
    (EXE) (ZIP)

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1982 Data Files

Note: The 1992, 1987, and 1982 benchmark files available on this page do not reflect the 1999 comprehensive revision of the NIPAs. In addition, the 1997 benchmark files do not reflect the 2003 comprehensive revision of the NIPAs.
  • 1982 Benchmark I-O Six-Digit Transactions: Contains the make table, use table, direct requirements coefficients table, and estimates by commodity of transportation costs and of wholesale and retail trade margins (498-industry detail):
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 1982 Benchmark I-O Six-Digit Industry-by-Commodity Total Requirements: Contains estimates of the inputs for each commodity that are directly and indirectly required to deliver a dollar of the commodity to final users:
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 1982 Benchmark I-O Two-Digit: Contains the make, use, direct requirements coefficients industry-by-commodity total requirements coefficients, and commodity-by-commodity total requirements coefficients tables; estimates of commodity transportation costs and wholesale and retail trade margins (97-industry detail):
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 1982 Benchmark I-O Six-Digit Commodity-by-Commodity Total Requirements: Contains estimates of the inputs for each commodity that are directly and indirectly required to deliver a dollar of the commodity to final users:
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • 1982 Benchmark I-O Bridge Table to PCE: Contains the 1982 estimates of the I-O commodity composition of national income and product accounts (NIPAs) personal consumption expenditures (PCE) valued at producers’ prices and purchasers’ prices:
    (EXE) (ZIP)
  • Historical SIC Data

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Supplemental Estimates

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Questions or comments?

For questions or comments concerning Benchmark Input-Output data, please feel free to email us at: industryeconomicaccounts@bea.gov

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