News Release

EMBARGOED UNTIL RELEASE AT 8:30 A.M. EDT, Friday, July 6, 2018
CB 18-101
BEA 18-33

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, May 2018

The U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis announced today that the goods
and services deficit was $43.1 billion in May, down $3.0 billion from $46.1 billion in April,
revised.

Trade chart

Exports, Imports, and Balance (exhibit 1)

May exports were $215.3 billion, $4.1 billion more than April exports. May imports were $258.4
billion, $1.1 billion more than April imports.

The May decrease in the goods and services deficit reflected a decrease in the goods deficit of
$2.6 billion to $65.8 billion and an increase in the services surplus of $0.5 billion to $22.7
billion.

Year-to-date, the goods and services deficit increased $17.9 billion, or 7.9 percent, from the
same period in 2017. Exports increased $84.5 billion or 8.8 percent. Imports increased $102.4
billion or 8.6 percent.

Three-Month Moving Averages (exhibit 2)

The average goods and services deficit decreased $4.2 billion to $45.4 billion for the three months
ending in May.
     * Average exports increased $3.1 billion to $212.4 billion in May.
     * Average imports decreased $1.1 billion to $257.9 billion in May.

Year-over-year, the average goods and services deficit increased $0.2 billion from the three months
ending in May 2017.
     * Average exports increased $19.9 billion from May 2017.
     * Average imports increased $20.1 billion from May 2017.

Exports (exhibits 3, 6, and 7)

Exports of goods increased $3.7 billion to $144.9 billion in May.
  Exports of goods on a Census basis increased $3.6 billion.
     * Capital goods increased $2.0 billion.
          o Civilian aircraft increased $1.9 billion.
     * Foods, feeds, and beverages increased $1.7 billion.
          o Soybeans increased $2.0 billion.
     * Other goods increased $0.9 billion.
     * Industrial supplies and materials decreased $1.3 billion.
          o Other petroleum products decreased $0.9 billion.

  Net balance of payments adjustments increased $0.1 billion.

Exports of services increased $0.4 billion to $70.4 billion in May.
     * Transport increased $0.1 billion.
     * Other business services, which includes research and development services; professional
       and management services; and technical, trade-related, and other services, increased $0.1
       billion.
     * Financial services increased $0.1 billion.

Imports (exhibits 4, 6, and 8)

Imports of goods increased $1.1 billion to $210.7 billion in May.
  Imports of goods on a Census basis increased $1.0 billion.
     * Capital goods increased $2.1 billion.
          o Telecommunications equipment increased $0.6 billion.
          o Computers increased $0.4 billion.
          o Civilian aircraft parts increased $0.3 billion.
          o Civilian aircraft engines increased $0.2 billion.
     * Consumer goods decreased $0.5 billion.
          o Pharmaceutical preparations decreased $0.6 billion.
     * Other goods decreased $0.4 billion.

  Net balance of payments adjustments increased $0.2 billion.

Imports of services decreased $0.1 billion to $47.7 billion in May.
     * Transport decreased $0.1 billion.
     * Travel (for all purposes including education) decreased $0.1 billion.
     * Other business services increased $0.1 billion.

Real Goods in 2012 Dollars – Census Basis (exhibit 11)

The real goods deficit decreased $2.2 billion to $75.3 billion in May.
     * Real exports of goods increased $2.6 billion to $153.2 billion.
     * Real imports of goods increased $0.4 billion to $228.5 billion.

Revisions

Revisions to April exports
     * Exports of goods were revised down $0.1 billion.
     * Exports of services were revised up $0.1 billion.

Revisions to April imports
     * Imports of goods were revised up less than $0.1 billion.
     * Imports of services were revised down $0.2 billion.

Goods by Selected Countries and Areas: Monthly – Census Basis (exhibit 19)

The May figures show surpluses, in billions of dollars, with South and Central America ($3.6),
Hong Kong ($2.8), Singapore ($0.9), Brazil ($0.8), United Kingdom ($0.6), and Saudi Arabia
(less than $0.1). Deficits were recorded, in billions of dollars, with China ($32.0), European
Union ($11.9), Japan ($6.0), Mexico ($5.8), Germany ($5.7), Italy ($2.6), Canada ($2.2),
India ($1.9), Taiwan ($1.4), South Korea ($1.4), France ($1.2), and OPEC ($0.2).

     * The deficit with members of OPEC decreased $3.1 billion to $0.2 billion in May. Exports
       increased $1.3 billion to $5.8 billion and imports decreased $1.9 billion to $6.0 billion.
     * The deficit with the European Union decreased $1.3 billion to $11.9 billion in May.
       Exports increased $0.2 billion to $27.5 billion and imports decreased $1.2 billion to
       $39.3 billion.
     * The deficit with China increased $1.2 billion to $32.0 billion in May. Exports increased
       $0.6 billion to $11.7 billion and imports increased $1.8 billion to $43.7 billion.

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All statistics referenced are seasonally adjusted; statistics are on a balance of payments basis
unless otherwise specified. Additional statistics, including not seasonally adjusted statistics
and details for goods on a Census basis, are available in Exhibits 1-20b of this release. For
information on data sources, definitions, and revision procedures, see the explanatory notes in
this release. The full release can be found at
www.census.gov/foreign-trade/Press-Release/current_press_release/index.html or
www.bea.gov/newsreleases/international/trade/tradnewsrelease.htm. The full schedule is available
in the Census Bureau’s Economic Briefing Room at www.census.gov/economic-indicators/ or on
BEA’s Web site at www.bea.gov/newsreleases/news_release_schedule.htm.

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			       Next release: August 3, 2018, at 8:30 A.M. EDT
		       U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services: June 2018

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					    Notice

Change to OPEC

With the release of the “U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services: July 2018” report (FT-900)
on September 5, 2018, statistics for OPEC will include Congo (Brazzaville), which joined OPEC on
June 22, 2018. OPEC statistics for July in exhibits 14, 17a, and 19 of the FT-900 and exhibit 4
of the FT-900 Supplement will include Congo (Brazzaville). This change will also affect
exhibits 20, 20a, and 20b of the FT-900 with the December 6, 2018 release.

If you have questions or need additional information, please contact the Census Bureau, Economic
Indicators Division, on (800) 549-0595, option 4, or at [email protected].