July 27, 2018

Real gross domestic product (GDP) increased 4.1 percent in the second quarter of 2018, according to the “advance” estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. In the first quarter, real GDP increased 2.2 percent (revised).

GDP highlights


The second-quarter increase in real GDP reflected increases in consumer spending, exports, business investment, and government spending, while inventory investment and housing investment decreased. Imports, which is a subtraction in the calculation of GDP, increased.

The increase in consumer spending reflected increases in services and in both durable and nondurable goods. The increase in exports reflected increases in exports of goods.

The increase in business investment reflected increases in structures, intellectual property products, and equipment. The increase in government spending reflected increases in federal national defense, and state and local government spending.

Personal income and saving

Real disposable personal income—personal income adjusted for taxes and inflation—increased 2.6 percent in the second quarter after increasing 4.4 percent in the first quarter. Personal saving as a percent of disposable personal income was 6.8 percent in the second quarter, compared with 7.2 percent in the first quarter.

Second-quarter prices


Prices of goods and services purchased by U.S. residents increased 2.3 percent in the second quarter of 2018, after increasing 2.5 percent in the first quarter.

Food and energy prices both increased in the second quarter.

Excluding food and energy, prices increased 2.4 percent in the second quarter, the same as in the first quarter.

Comprehensive update

BEA also released its 2018 comprehensive update of the national income and product accounts, which incorporated newly available and revised source data for 2013 –2017. From the fourth quarter of 2012 to the fourth quarter of 2017, real GDP increased at an annual average rate of 2.3 percent, a downward revision of 0.1 percentage point.

For more information, read the full report.