May 30, 2019

Real gross domestic product increased 3.1 percent in the first quarter of 2019, according to the “second” estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. The growth rate was 0.1 percentage point lower than the “advance” estimate released in April. In the fourth quarter of 2018, real GDP rose 2.2 percent.

Q2Q Growth in Real GDP May30

GDP highlights
The increase in real GDP reflected increases in consumer spending, inventory investment, exports, state and local government  spending, and business investment. Imports, which are a subtraction in the calculation of GDP, decreased.

The increase in consumer spending reflected an increase in services (led by health care) that was 
partly offset by a decrease in goods, specifically motor vehicles and parts. The increase in 
inventory investment reflected an increase in manufacturing inventories, notably in the nondurable goods industries.

Updates to GDP
The revision to GDP growth reflected downward revisions to business investment and inventory 
investment and an upward revision to imports, which are a subtraction in the calculation of GDP. 
These revisions were partly offset by upward revisions to exports and consumer spending.

Q2Q Growth in Corporate Profits May30

Corporate Profits
Corporate profits decreased 2.8 percent at a
quarterly rate in the first quarter of 2019 after decreasing 0.4 percent in the fourth quarter
of 2018.

  • Profits of domestic nonfinancial corporations decreased 4.4 percent after increasing 1.0 percent.
  • Profits of domestic financial corporations increased 1.8 percent after decreasing 5.6 percent.
  • Profits from the rest of the world decreased 2.2. percent after increasing 0.4 percent.

Over the last 4 quarters, corporate profits increased 3.1 percent.

For more information, read the full report