Digital Economy

BEA is developing tools to better capture the effects of fast-changing technologies on the U.S. economy and on global supply chains. The project seeks to calculate the digital economy's contribution to U.S. GDP, improve measures of high-tech goods and services, and offer a more complete picture of international trade. Other goals are to advance research for digital goods and services, the sharing economy, and free digital content.

  • Current release: December 6, 2023

Digital Economy Satellite Account

A new article with statistics covering the period from 2017 to 2022 was released in December 2023. This article introduces updated digital economy estimates and replaces earlier estimates.

BEA includes in its definition of the digital economy four major types of goods and services:

  • Infrastructure, or the basic physical materials and organizational arrangements that support the existence and use of computer networks and the digital economy, primarily information and communications technology (ICT) goods and services.
  • E-commerce, or the remote sale of goods and services over computer networks.
  • Priced digital services, or services related to computing and communication that are performed for a fee charged to the consumer.
  • Federal nondefense digital services represents the annual budget for federal nondefense government agencies whose services are directly related to supporting the digital economy.

BEA is continuing to explore data and methodology to expand the coverage of the digital economy estimates. For more information on the goods and service currently included in the BEA estimates, please see the latest article "U.S. Digital Economy: New and Revised Estimates, 2017–2022."

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International Trade in ICT and Potentially ICT-Enabled Services

BEA's statistics on trade in information and communications technology (ICT) and potentially ICT-enabled services complement its standard presentation of international trade in services statistics by examining the extent to which ICT may be used to facilitate trade in services. ICT services are those used to facilitate information processing and communication; potentially ICT-enabled services are services that can predominantly be delivered remotely over ICT networks. BEA measures potentially ICT-enabled services rather than ICT-enabled services themselves because for many types of services the actual mode of delivery is unknown.

  • Previously Published Estimates XLS
    Country estimates in these files use a slightly different definition of ICT and potentially ICT-enabled services than in the interactive data.

Price Measurement of High-Tech Goods and Services

BEA is consistently working toward improving price measurement, especially for high-tech goods and services which frequently experience changing characteristics, improved quality, and price changes relative to other goods and services.

Data as an Asset

Other Research and Information

What is the Digital Economy Satellite Account?

Measures the digital economy's contribution to U.S. GDP, improves measures of high-tech goods and services, and offers a more complete picture of international trade. Includes valuing digital-enabling infrastructure, e-commerce transactions, and digital media.

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What's a Satellite Account?

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