Gross Domestic Income

Quarterly - Percent Change from Preceding Quarter
Q3 2023 (Revised) 1.5 %
Q2 2023 0.5 %
Annual - Percent Change from Preceding Year
2022 2.1 %
2021 6.1 %

* Gross domestic income is not available with the first (advance) estimate of GDP for each quarter.
◦ For the fourth quarter only, gross domestic income is not available in the first or second estimates.

Real gross domestic income (GDI) is a measure of the incomes earned and the costs incurred in the production of gross domestic product. It's another way of measuring U.S. economic activity. BEA also publishes the average of real GDP and real GDI.  

  • Current release: December 21, 2023
  • Next release: March 28, 2024

What is Gross Domestic Income?

A measure of U.S. economic activity based on incomes. In theory, GDI should equal gross domestic product, but the different source data yield different results. BEA considers GDP more reliable because it's based on timelier, more expansive data.

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